Discuss about the case study Research Methodologies for Associated with Obesity.
The number of obese young people are increasing day by day in the United Arab Emirates and hence increasing the incidence of disease associated with obesity. Finding the factors behind this obesity issue is vital for the wellbeing of young generation of the nation. This study will not only help in finding the causes behind this jeopardy but also will critically evaluate it’s the impacts on non-communicable diseases in youths.
According to an obesity study program, the rate of obesity in the UAE is twice the global rate. As revealed by the World Health Organization, beyond 2.1 billion individuals (nearly 30 percent of world’s population) is obese. It is found that obesity among young population is 5-14 percent in males and 3-18 percent in females. In adult females there is a significant increase of obesity from 2–55 percent and in adult males 1–30 percent. Around 6 percent more females are obese than males in UAE. (6. ALNohair, 2014). Figures from the International Diabetes Federation presented that there were about 803,900 diabetics in the UAE, around 19 percent of the population. 19% is a huge number of people and maximum of them are young population. This value gives an estimation that about 1.8 million people may suffer from diabetes in the UAE within a few years. (9. Haroun et al., 2016).
Obesity is rising the disease burden in young people and the financial burden of obesity in the UAE is $6 billion every year. A cross-sectional population demonstration study showed that frequency of juvenile obesity is high in the UAE. Among 1440 students of age 6 to 19 were subjected to this study. The result showed 14.7 percent of them were overweight and 18.9 percent students were obese (4. Al Junaibi et al., 2013). Obesity considerably amplified with age. Blood pressure level was also increased with BMI percentile (3. Al Junaibi et al., 2013 and 1. Abdulle et al., 2014). A study determined the prevalence of diabetes was 20 percent and the rate was greater in UAE residents (25 percent) than in expatriates (13-19 percent) based on the country of origin (7. Behbehani and Beales, 2013).
Education also plays a role in obesity and evidences shows that illiteracy increases the rate of obesity. For example, people with lower education are twice as likely to be overweight than the literate (5. Ali et al., 2013). The immense change in lifestyle pattern, consuming foods with high sugar, sodium, fat, cholesterol and fewer fibres, availably of cars and insufficient physical activity or inactivity made life of these youths more sedentary. Additionally, spending a lot of time in watching television and using computers contributed to the epidemic of childhood obesity. One child in three is obese or overweight in UAE. A child is 30% more likely to become obese if one parent is obese. This rate increased to 80% if both parents are obese (10. Musaiger et al., 2013). Avoiding breakfast is a part of dieting method adopted by United Arab Emirates girls of age 18-24 and girls who miss breakfast are likely to consume larger quantities of foods at lunch, in this manner gaining weight (9. Haroun et al., 2016).
The remarkable socioeconomic changes necessitate the systematic observation of obesity in young inhabitants. A research showed the epidemiology of obesity in a big cohort of school children and showed the frequency of extreme obesity, obesity and overweight for gender and age (n= 27,113 residents from 2014 to 2015) using IOFT, WHO and CDE methods. Significant outcomes of this observation were the escalating rate of overweight among children of 3 to 18 years, high body mass accumulation starts in toddlers and progress linearly with are and extreme obesity is common mainly among boys (2. Al Blooshi et al., 2016).
Few years ago obesity was largely a problem of rich families but globalization made low income people to shift from their traditional diets towards habits of western diets; thus obesity became a disease of the poor as well. Though studies showed an inferior rate of obesity in poor individuals (3 percent) compared to those who are wealthy (10 percent) (5. Ali et al., 2013 and 8. Gardner et al., 2015). These tendencies suggest quick intervention (growing parental resistor on nutritional picks and physical activity for young people), upgraded health policies and practices in school (proposing healthier diet and workout) and heightened community consciousness about obesity and its harmful consequences (3. Al junaibi et al., 2013). These requirements are very relevant to the United Arab Emirates because health illiteracy is very common here.
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