Managers are the individuals in an organisation who controls and administer the staffs of the company. They are responsible for the planning, monitoring and disciplining of the workers. A manager is also accountable for overseeing the workers of the company. Managers are required in every sector and the business model of an organisation depends on the ability of the managers. The main objective of this proposal is to outline the complexity of the managerial role. The relation of the manager with different people associated with the organisation will also be outlined in the study. It will state the interaction of the organisational factors for meeting the organisational objectives.
Manager Job Description
Primary Objectives of the Manager
- The safety and health of the labour force.
- Carrying out the business operations of the firm and accomplishing the objective and the targets of the firm.
- Enhancement of the work force.
- The enhancement of the culture of employee oriented firm increases the quality of the firm.
- Personal enhancement.
Primary Responsibilities of a Manager
- Perform Human Resources Management
- Planning of staff level
- Work in alliance with staffs of human resources to interview, select, recruit and hire a staffs as per the requirement of the firm.
- They also responsible for conducting training and workshop program for the skill and talent enhancement of the recruited employees.
- Motivating the staffs to take responsibility of the task that are offered to them for achieving the objective and the goals of the firm.
- Giving encouragement to the employees to fulfil the expectation of the organization in terms of quality, productivity and objective.
Manager Job Requirements
- The individual should have good experience and knowledge of the business, administration and supervision.
- They should have quality writing as well as commutating skills.
- Has an ability to build a strong interpersonal relationship, employee training and enhancement skills.
- Should able to lead and enhance the quality of the department and its staff members.
- Should have a good understanding of employment laws and regulation and employment relation.
Physical Demands of a Manager
The physical demands can be stated as the physical requirement which is essential for the staffs to effectively perform the vital function associated to the managers (Robson, 2015). The arrangement of reasonable accommodation for individual who is enables to move freely due to their disability is an example of the significant function which is performed by a manager.
Work Environment of the Manager
While taking up the responsibility of managers, the manger has to work on different types of work environment, so the representative should have the power to adjust and accomplish task in any kind of situation. It is the responsibility of the manager to analysis the factor which is putting adverse affect on the business operation of the firm. It is the responsibility of the managers to implement policies and strategies to confront the issues which is disturbing the working environment of the firm.
Personality characteristics of a manager
A successful manager led by example as they exhibit some positive traits which set examples and expectations for their subordinates. Managers motivate their workers by gaining their trust and by building a positive report for them (Huczynski, Buchanan & Huczynski, 2013). It is important that the manager of the organisation make his or her team feel that he or she is always with them. They need to enhance their support during any requirement. They need to be like caring cushions which could absorb all the tensions and stress of the workers. A manager needs to be honest and have to fully commit towards the company to expect loyalty and faithfulness from the workers in return.
Here are some of the personality characteristics of a manager:
- Team oriented: it is evident that a successful manager set examples to their team by bringing out the best from them. They need to make every employee clear that they are part of the team and are important for the team success.
- Good communication skills: A great manager has good communication skills (Laudon & Laudon, 2016). They must know how to motivate their subordinates so that they have to face any hard time associating with the workers.
- Open Minded: A manager need to be open minded and must have clear vision about the requirements of their workers (Melville, 2010). They must always available to have an open conversation with their subordinates during any conflict or decision making process.
- Transparency: A successful manager must indulge transparency in his or her process. They must understand that it is important to keep their staffs in the loop.
- Adaptable and self-aware: A manager must be able to adapt towards the organisational change. Being a manager requires working with different people and they have to adapt their style according to different personalities of different people.
Individuals a manager have to interact with
For the completion of a project, a manager has to deal with different stakeholders of the organisation. They have to meet the objectives and expectations of all these stakeholders. These stakeholders are actively involved with the work of the company. Here are these individuals and their relationship with the manager.
Top Management: The top management of an organisation includes the directors, president and vice-president, corporate operating committee and others (Laudon & Laudon, 2015). A manager has strong connection with them as they direct the strategy for the development of the company and the manager has to implement those strategies. At the time of dealing with the top management, a manager has to develop in-depth plans. Managers need to ask the top management for the information required in the projects of the company.
Team: As a manager, an individual have to provide leadership direction and have to support his or her team members for the accomplishment of their tasks. They need to work closely with their team to solve the problems of the company (Laudon & Laudon, 2016). Working with a team also brings some problems to managers. For this, a manager must have interpersonal skills such as involving team members in the planning of the project and encouraging the team members to help others.
Internal customers: Internal customers in an organisation meet the internal demands of the organisation. Internal customers have the power to reject or accept the managerial work. A manager has to clarify, negotiate or document the deliverables to the customers (Laudon & Laudon, 2011). While dealing with the internal customers, a manager might have to face lack of clarity regarding the customers wants. For this, it is important that a manager learn the cultural and ethnic backgrounds of the internal customers.
External customers: These customers are marked as outside customers. External customers are the main buyers of the company (Kumar, 2015). A manager has to interact with external customers to solve their issues and queries.
Government: A manager works in different regulated environments for the operations of the company. For these, a manager has to deal with government departments and regulations (Laudon & Laudon, 2016). A manager has to visit government during any breach of Act or regulation from the company.
Contracts, sub-contractors and suppliers: An organisation can’t be self-relied for all the resources. It needs to have contractors and suppliers to meet its resource needs. A manager has to interact with different contracts and suppliers of the company such as network consultant, foreman, architect, carpenter and many more. There are several problems which might rise with these individuals for quality of their work, cost overruns and schedule slippage.
Figure 1: Individuals, a manager have to interact with
Source: (Jones, George & Langton, 2013)
How to enhance the effectiveness
For enhancing the effectiveness in an organisation, it is important to build a team with gradual process (Galliers & Leidner, 2014). A manager in order to enhance the organisational effectiveness has to meet with the group on regular basis and have to increase their motivation, productivity and satisfaction level. Managers need to explain the workers how the work from them would benefit the company. Different goals need to be developed for the teams (Huczynski, Buchanan & Huczynski, 2013). A manager needs to develop a plan on how the group could accomplish the goals with the given time frame. Workers or the subordinates have been informed on regular basis regarding their progress in meeting the organisational goals.
In conclusion, it could be said that a manager has to clarify, negotiate or document the deliverables to the customers. While dealing with the internal customers, a manager might have to face lack of clarity regarding the customers wants. For this, it is important that a manager learn the cultural and ethnic backgrounds of the internal customers. The study also stated that managerial roles are very complicated and they are at most important position of the company.
Galliers, R. D., & Leidner, D. E. (2014). Strategic information management: challenges and strategies in managing information systems. Routledge.
Huczynski, A., Buchanan, D. A., & Huczynski, A. A. (2013). Organizational behaviour (p. 82). London: Pearson.
Jones, G. R., George, J. M., & Langton, N. (2013). Essentials of contemporary management. McGraw-Hill/Irwin.
Kumar, P. (2015). An Analytical study on Mintzberg’s Framework: Managerial Roles. International Journal of Research in Management & Business Studies (IJRMBS), 2, 12-18.
Laudon, K. C., & Laudon, J. P. (2011). Essentials of management information systems. Upper Saddle River: Pearson.
Laudon, K. C., & Laudon, J. P. (2015). Management information systems (Vol. 8). Prentice Hall.
Laudon, K. C., & Laudon, J. P. (2016). Management information system. Pearson Education India.
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