Discuss about the Self-Actualization in a Math Lesson for Georgia Educational.
Self-actualization is a term that was used by Abraham Maslow when he outlined the hierarchical pyramid of basic human needs. He defined it by stating that a man must be what he can be. It is defined as the psychological process that enables a person to maximize their abilities and resources to reach maximum potential (Selva, 2018).
Maslow the great psychologist while developing his theory of personality argued that education must shift from person-stunting antics to approaches that improve a person. Therefore, educators must respond to a person's potential to help them grow according to Simons et al. I agree with this argument because the teacher must help a person to develop their interests and creativity while at the same time meeting their human needs. Educators who are in a position of self-awareness, for example, should teach people on how to be authentic, that is, to be conscious of their inner selves (mycommonplacebooksite, 2018). Especially children should get this equal opportunity to explore and discover what they want to do with their future career-wise to self-actualize.
The main hindrances to achieving the higher needs of the Maslow’s hierarchical needs are poverty and lack of a proper education. For people living in poverty, they strive to obtain lower needs of the Maslow’s pyramid while abandoning the higher needs. These lower needs must be met before the higher needs are met. For example, rich people have lower needs secured and therefore their primary goal is to secure the higher needs in the hierarchical pyramid of human needs. Poor education is another hindrance which leads to lack of awareness of how to achieve these higher needs.
Maths teacher faces multiple challenges when taking students through a lesson. Teachers at times are challenged on how to balance students' differing learning needs (Doskocil, 2018). Any student that walks into a maths class is different. Others find it hard to deal with maths problems, therefore, need extra tuition. Some will learn fast and go about tackling questions on their own with no extra help. At times, a math teacher faces the challenge of balancing between the school administration needs and those needs of the student. It is not all the time that they both have the same goals, which is, to equip students with skills to make wise choices in solving problems in their daily lives. In such situations, the admin is primarily focused on making money. Another challenge for a maths teacher he or she must consider when taking these maths lessons is how to help students and their parents meet their long-term goals. They must understand the community their students come from. Some of these students need to be educated on the importance of education and how it would help to achieve future goals. This is because some of their students don't know the benefits of the education they receive from class.
The math teacher must communicate openly with their students. The teacher has to let their students know of their availability for extra tutoring on a daily basis. He or she must follow up with their students by calling or sending emails to struggling students. He or she should offer their services to answer questions from students all the times (Guerra and An, 2016). In order, to achieve the above objective, they must set up an online community with the aim of communicating with their students after school hours. They should also encourage students to take part in class discussions to help one another especially for students who are fearful of asking or answering questions in class.
Lessons on outdoor trigonometry in teachers TV programme motivates students to achieve self-actualization. Pupils in these classes are in a better position to realize their calling especially about what career they would love to pursue. These programmes also teach pupils to appreciate themselves and their surroundings. Pupils also learn about how to solve difficult problems not only in their math lesson but also in real life situations such as problems of pain and suffering.
It is a math teacher’s responsibility to ensure their pupils are both intrinsically or extrinsically motivated. At the end of each math lesson, pupils need to be reminded of the ‘bigger picture’ and the rewards they stand to reap (Guerra and An, 2016). For example, pupils will be intrinsically motivated to work hard at school while at the same time enjoying their experience to achieve particular career success. In addition, pupils are extrinsically motivated when they receive rewards for their excellent scores in the form of academic trips or math stationeries. Through it, they are in a position to realize short-term rewards of self-actualization.
Doskocil, D. (2018). The 3 main challenges teachers face in today's classroom - Classcraft Blog. [online] Classcraft Blog. Available at: https://www.classcraft.com/blog/features/3-main-challenges-teachers-face/ [Accessed 21 Apr. 2018].
Guerra, P.P. and An, S., 2016. Possibilities and Challenges of Teaching Integrated Math and Social Studies for Social Justice: Two Teacher Educators' Collaborative Self-Study. Georgia Educational Researcher, 13(2), p.1.
mycommonplacebooksite. (2018). M2U1 Activity 3 – Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs. [online] Available at: https://mycommonplacebooksite.wordpress.com/2016/12/11/m2u1-activity-3-maslows-hierarchy-of-needs/ [Accessed 21 Apr. 2018].
Selva, J. (2018). Self-Actualization: Definition & Examples. [online] Positivepsychologyprogram.com. Available at: https://positivepsychologyprogram.com/self-actualization/ [Accessed 21 Apr. 2018].