Tutankhamun (originally Tutankhaten, meaning “the living image of Aten”) was arguably the most famous of the Egyptian pharaohs. Discovery of his intact tomb revealed significant historical information and at the same time left several mysteries untold. Tutankhamun (a.k.a. King Tut) son of Akhenaten (a.k.a. Amenhotep IV) was the 12th King of the 18th Egyptian dynasty whose reign was approximately between 1332 to 1323 BCE. It was not the reign that enthralled the historians but the mysteries surrounding his time and his life. This report aims to look into the discovery of King Tut’s tomb, his reign and finally the mystery surrounding his death.
British Archaeologist Howard Carter started excavating the Egyptian soils in the year 1891. Finally, in November 1922 along with his fellow archaeologist George Herbert he discovered the tomb of Tutankhamun (Hawass, 2013). Surprisingly a tomb that was hidden away for more than 3200 years was found almost intact. Beside the many findings inside the various chambers of the tomb, the most fascinating finding was indeed the royal mummy of King Tut enclosed in the stone sarcophagus containing three coffins, the innermost one being made of gold which held the mummy of the late Pharaoh (Carter & Mace, 2010). Over the next many years after this discovery, the tomb was examined for various other findings that could reveal an image of the contemporary times in Egypt. It seems that the early death of King Tut made it inevitable for the Egyptians for a hasty burial in a smaller tomb and sealed it off without any further documentation of his deeds during his reign. This was a major the reason why he was virtually unknown to the historians till 1920s.Controversies regarding the young Pharaohs death still exist while Historians argue upon different opinions and beliefs.
The boy king of Egypt was the son of a powerful ruler Ahkenaten but the identity of his mother is still unknown because the early Egyptians had a practice of marrying their own siblings and thus DNA verifications could not successfully predict the precise lineage. Akhenaten forbidden polytheism and promoted the worship of one god i.e. Aten (Sun disk) (Silverman, Wegner & Wegner, 2006). He used to elevate Aten above other gods. By the ruling principle of Akhenaten, it does seem that he intended to reduce the authority of priests and shift the economic scenario from temple based economy to a new regime run by military commanders. As Akhenaten believed and worshipped one god only, the population was also forced to worship Aten (sun disk) only that threw the society in utter chaos. After reigning for 17 years, Akhenaten was probably forced to abdicate the throne and he died soon after. Immediately after the demise of Akhenaten, his 9-year-old son Tutankhamun took power of the Egyptian dynasty and at the very same year he married Ankhesenamun, child of Akhenaten and Nefertiti(Burton & Allen, 2006). It is believed that the couple had two children who were stillborn.
With the demise of Pharaoh Amenhotep IV, Tutankhaten assumed the throne at a very young age of eight or nine. It is believed that early in his reign king Tut had decided to turn towards the old Egyptian religious rituals and practices, which were suppressed and abandoned by his father. It was at this time that he rechristened himself as Tutankhamun and his wife became Ankhsenamun and the court left Amarna while the king and his queen sought their residence at Thebes and Memphis (Hankey, 2007). This shift towards Polytheism from Monotheism happens to be one of the most noteworthy changes in King Tuts short-lived reign. The backdrop of this restoration can be well explained by the belief that was prevailing amongst the Egyptians at that time. It was believed that the Gods had stopped listening to the prayers of the people as the cult of the Gods had been abolished and their temples were abandoned. Tutankhamun claimed to have restored balance and to have brought in the ideal of ma’at, or Universal Harmony. Though situations relating to religious aspects of Egypt were restored, problems persisted in Egypt within the army and their efficiency was to be questioned. This was a result of Akhenaten’s negligence towards training and equipping his military forces. It was then, when Egypt lost a few of its states as the army led by Commander Horemheb failed repeatedly against the mighty Hitties who were gaining power. It is evident that Tutankhamun at his young age had to take up the daunting task of reviving an entire empire, which was devastated by his father. To our best of knowledge it is believed that he did his best in order to put Egypt back into its path of glory.
Historians and Scientists postulate that Tutankhamun died of illness because of the fact that the genetic analysis of DNA obtained from his body, revealed that he suffered from genetic deficiencies and that his parents were siblings. On the contrary, professor Albert Zink (Head, Institute for Mummies and Iceman, Italy) states that he is fairly sure that the young pharaoh was not assassinated or did not die as a result of a chariot accident which is assumed by most of the scientists and historians (Harer, 2007). A virtual autopsy of his body was carried out that included 2000 scans. However, the results of the autopsy showed that the young pharaoh had partially clubbed foot and as a result, his ability to ride a chariot was impossible. Autopsy results confirm that King Tut’s death was most likely because of his weakened state due to genetic impairments inherited from his parents (Doherty, 2013). On the other hand, King Tut also suffered from malaria which may be a cause of his death. So until further research it is impossible to conclude about the exact cause of his death.
The reign of Tutankhamun does not hold much importance in the history of ancient Egypt and its revival from its miserable and chaotic state in the post Amenhotep IV era, due to the short span in which king Tut had occupied the throne. However, the discovery of his tomb in an intact state has helped answer many questions that surrounds the contemporary period of Tutankhamun’s reign. From 1922 until date, scientists and historians are constantly examining Tutankhamun’s tomb to get a clear picture of the era.
Burton, H., & Allen, J. P. (2006). Tutankhamun's tomb: the thrill of discovery. Metropolitan Museum of Art.
Carter, H., & Mace, A. C. (2010). The tomb of Tut-Ankh-Amen: discovered by the late Earl of Carnarvon and Howard Carter (Vol. 2). Cambridge University Press.
Doherty, P. (2013). The mysterious death of Tutankhamun. Hachette UK.
Hankey, J. (2007). A Passion for Egypt: Arthur Weigall, Tutankhamun and the'Curse of the Pharaohs'. TaurisParke Paperbacks.
Harer, W. B. (2007). Chariots, horses or hippos: what killed Tutankhamun.
Hawass, Z. (2013). Discovering Tutankhamun.American University Press in Cairo.
Silverman, D. P., Wegner, J. W., & Wegner, J. H. (2006). Akhenaten and Tutankhamun: revolution and restoration. UPenn Museum of Archaeology.
MyAssignmenthelp.com has assembled a team of extraordinarily talented and knowledgeable PhD qualified online dissertation experts to provide students required dissertation writing help in Canberra, Adelaide, Perth, Melbourne, Sydney and other parts of Australia. Students can buy dissertation online from us with three simple steps. Auditing dissertation help, history dissertation help, geography dissertation help, maths dissertation help are few popular services under our dissertation writing assistance.
Explain why firms’ marginal cost curves become upward sloping after a certain level of output has been reached. test While for the marginal item for consumption, marginal cost is equivalent to “increase” (the raise in total cost) alienated by “sprint” (the augment in the number of items). As a result presently like marginal produce is the same as the tilt of the whole manufactured goods curve, m...Read More
Question: Discuss about the professional developers comprehend software? Answer: I have been working in the USA Technologies for nine months now, and it has been one of my best working experiences so far in my professional career. It has been a valuable learning experience for me regarding acquiring useful practical skills to apply in the particular field of my specialization. I have learned about various applications and software us...Read More
Question: Describe about the Rethinking Oil Nationalism? Answer: 1. The engineering discipline that I have chosen is Mechanical Engineering and I have selected Engineering technology management as my major. I have chosen Mechanical Engineering as my major, as I have always been interested in Mechanical Engineering. Moreover, with Mechanical Engineering, there is huge growth opportunity in my professional career through which I will ...Read More
Question: Explain about the Advertising for An integrated marketing communication perspective? Answer: Introduction: Social media has become the part of the daily life of the common people all over the world. It has changed the lifestyle of the common population as well as the environment of the business related communication. Use of the Social Media platform for the business communication is helping the business organization to dev...Read More
You are required to write a researched argument essay that convinces persuades the reader of your position / stance. This is an academic, researched and referenced document that demonstrates your understanding of the objectives of the course. The structure of the argument will follow the TOULMIN METHOD of argumentation.Read More
Just share Requriment and get customize Solution.
Our writers make sure that all orders are submitted, prior to the deadline.
Using reliable plagiarism detection software, Turnitin.com.We only provide customized 100 percent original papers.
Feel free to contact our assignment writing services any time via phone, email or live chat.
Our writers can provide you professional writing assistance on any subject at any level.
Our best price guarantee ensures that the features we offer cannot be matched by any of the competitors.
Complete guid on proofreading and editing.
Get all your documents checked for plagiarism or duplicacy with us.
Get different kinds of essays typed in minutes with clicks.
Calculate your semester grades and cumulative GPa with our GPA Calculator.
Balance any chemical equation in minutes just by entering the formula.
Calculate the number of words and number of pages of all your academic documents.
Our Mission Client Satisfaction
This was my 1st time using this site. I must say they exceeded all of my expectations!! Great customer service & stellar work!! Thank you for helping me out of a bind!!
I am not happy with this assignment. I asked change colored numbers on the assignment. I received the assignment with number on the cover page. I haven't any corrections as I requested. Last time I was happy as I got the true answered and reply to my queries but with this assignment I am truly disappointed
you people are dumbasses. When you guys have to get money you people call 1000 times and when you deliver wrong paper then I asked you to call and then I got in response call back service is not available. I asked for two different papers instead I got same papers just copy pasted. Even though I told million of times that make sure two different p...
Thank you for your efforts and all work have been done. Appreciate the efforts from the team support who were helpful