1.Choose one of the five strategies for Health Promotion outlined in the Ottawa Charter for Health Promotion.
2.Nurse Practitioners are a growing group of advanced practice nurses. What do Nurse Practitioners do that is different from a Registered Nurse or a doctor?
3.What are the main health issues for adolescents; what barriers exist for them accessing health care and how could we minimise these barriers?
4.Discuss strategies you would use to ensure he has continuity of care between hospital and Community follow-up, and that he is selfmanaging, including an ongoing health promotion program.
6.Mixed-method approaches are increasingly important in obtaining the 'whole picture' about Community health. Explain why?
1.Creating Supportive Environments
Our society is interrelated and complex. The inextricable link between the environment and people comprise the foundation for a socioecological advance to health. In this case, it is important for communities, region, nations, and the world alike to take care of the environment in order to ensure our survival. The issue of environmental conservations should be emphasized as a global duty. In this case, health professionals have a significant role to enact this policy. One of the ways healthcare providers can enact this policy is by organizing health promotions to sensitize people on the importance of taking care of the natural environment (Rolls, Hansen, Jackson & Elliott, 2016).
2.Nurse practitioners play a significant role in community health. Unlike registered nurses and doctors who work in surgical and hospital settings, nurse practitioners work in community clinics and private settings, which brings a big difference in enhancing community health. Despite the positive impact nurse practitioners have on the health of communities, the number of nurse practitioners is not high as compared to registered nurses, this is because of the level of education required for one to obtain a title to work as a nursing practitioners. RN need a degree in nursing while nursing practitioners need a Masters degree (Schoonhoven, Wijers, Burgt, Wensin & Laurant, 2016).
3.Mental health is the main health concern for adolescents. According to Delamater, Guzman, Aparicio & Aparicio (2017), depression is the leading cause of disability and illness among adolescents. Some of the risk factors for depression in adolescents include poverty, violence, and the feeling of being devalued. The solution to this health issue is to build life skills to enable them cope with stress. Drugs and alcohol are some of the other health issue affecting adolescents. drugs and alcohol increases risky behaviors and reduces self control, this can lead to health risks like unsafe, which can jeopardize the health of adolescents. The solution for this problem is by implementing policies that limit the age of buying alcohol in order to reduce harmful drinking.
4.In order to ensure the continuity of care, I will assess the level at which the patient is informed on the available resources to meet their health needs (Turner, 2016). In addition, I will evaluate the outcome of care in terms of cost, quality, and accessibility, this is imperative in ensuring optimal care for the patient. Finally, I will elicit satisfactory suggestions and services for the patient and their families in order to improve the nature of care, which can be achieved through an assessment of the progress made by the patient and the patient’s family then offering them with suggestions to enhance on the patient outcome.
5.Cultural safety refers to the environment that is safe where there is no denial, challenge, or assault of identity for what they need or who they are. Cultural safety is based on shared knowledge, shared meaning, and shared respect (Usher, Mills, West & Power, 2017). One of the ways in which I can tell that I am culturally safe is by being provided with a positive environment where I am comfortable being myself. In addition, for me to feel culturally safe, my beliefs and spiritual systems should be provided by the healthcare providers. In this case, the healthcare providers should not discriminate me for who I am.
6.Mixed methods are ideal in obtaining the whole picture of the community health, this is because, mixed methods collect and analyze both qualitative and quantitative data. In addition, mixed methods use rigorous trial in the process of collecting and analyzing data, which is essential in the determination of sample size for both qualitative and quantitative analysis. finally, mixed methods are important as they frame procedures within a theoretical or philosophical model such as community health and steps to ensure the populations receives quality treatment (Hawthorne, 2017).
Delamater, Guzman, A., Aparicio, K., & Aparicio, K. (2017). Mental health issues in children and adolescents with chronic illness. International Journal of Human Rights in Healthcare, 10(3), 163-173.
Hawthorne, T. L. (2017). Mixed?Method Approaches. The International Encyclopedia of Geography.
Schoonhoven, L., Wijers, N., Burgt, R., Wensing, M., & Laurant, M. (2016). Substitution of general practitioners by nurse practitioners in out?of?hours primary care: a quasi?experimental study. Journal of advanced nursing, 72(8), 1813-1824.
Turner, S. (2016). Continuity of care. Veterinary Record, 178(22), 566-566.
Rolls, K., Hansen, M., Jackson, D., & Elliott, D. (2016). How health care professionals use social media to create virtual communities: An integrative review. Journal of medical Internet research, 18(6).
Usher, K., Mills, J., West, R., & Power, T. (2017). CULTURAL SAFETY IN NURSING AND MIDWIFERY. Contexts of Nursing: An Introduction, 337.