country
$20 Bonus + 25% OFF
Securing Higher Grades Costing Your Pocket? Book Your Assignment at The Lowest Price Now!

SOC20260 Article Review For Increased Growth Of Sexual Harassment

tag 0 Download8 Pages / 1,927 Words tag Add in library Click this icon and make it bookmark in your library to refer it later. GOT IT

Questions:

1. For this assignment, find two articles based on original empirical research from peer-reviewed journals. Your article should report quantitative research based on original, or secondary data analysis. You may find your articles using the library’s online subject resources page, or by choosing a journal from the list below (all of which may be accessed via UCD library).
 
2. For each article, answer the following questions:
a. What sampling procedure is used, and do you think it is appropriate?
b. What are the main concepts measured in the study, and do you think the measures used are valid?
c. What methods were used to analyse the data?
d. Do you find the author’s conclusions convincing?

 

Answer:

Article 1

McLaughlin, H., Uggen, C. and Blackstone, A., 2012. Sexual harassment, workplace authority, and the paradox of power. American sociological review, 77(4), pp.625-647.

The term sexual harassment did not come into introduction until the twentieth century. In recent times, several organizations, sexual workshops, laws and policies have been formulated to observe and identify the core issues related to the increased growth of sexual harassment along with other forms of gender discrimination. This article examines the cruelty, atrocities and harassment in a broader sense. Several feminist theorists have broadly evaluated the growing patterns of prejudice, intolerance and discrimination drawing a clear association with harassment to sexual inequality. This article discusses about the arguments stated on Connell’s theory of hegemonic masculinity that societal norms and privileges encourage the sole normative principle of the attitudes of men towards the women of the society. However, it must be taken into account that sexual harassment must be implemented as a tool to restrict and further regulate the suitable ways of ‘doing gender’ in the context of workplace and thus to reprimand gender eccentricity. According to the authors of this article, women who possess authoritarian positions provide and interesting contradiction for theory and investigation based on sexual harassment and theorists have advanced two discrete positions. The first assumption that is related to vulnerable-victim hypothesis advocates that workers belonging to vulnerable and marginal sections, which includes women, marginalized racial groups and the ones attached to precarious situations are vulnerable and thus subjected to higher tendencies of sexual harassment. The article further highlights the scenarios women experience when they belong to higher and superior positions in comparison to men face exploitation and harassment by their opposite gender. The scenario for women have remained unchanged as they still perform roles which are mostly underrepresented  in areas of ability or relegate  to lower segments of management.

2. a) This article has implemented a triangulation method that is the usage of both quantitative as well as qualitative data. The use of mixed methodology is significant in this article in order to consider the three assumptions drawn from a fundamental integrated feminist model of sexual violence by evaluating if managerial and administrative influence, gender identity along with industry gender composition which has association with events and experiences with sexual harassment (Fielding 2012). The use of well-established statistical data to examine individual disparities the qualitative methods will offer predictions of whether there are any specific accounts of information respondents provide against any distressing actions and if the respondents provide subjectively explanations as harassment. Thus, a quantitative research methodology is required by implementing survey data in order to evaluate the in-depth interviews of the respondents of Youth Development Study to enlighten the processes underlying these relationships (Mertens 2014). However, quantitative research method sometimes faces criticisms as it provides assumptions regarding the sexual behaviour in the workplace that causes harm and destruction to the dignity of women.

b) The primary concept that has been measured in this study is the perceptions and notions the respondents provide related to the attitudes towards sexual harassment. The sampling survey consisted of 1010 youths during 1988. These participants were studying in the ninth grade and have been interviewed until 2004 when they were almost thirty years old. The data gathered in 2004, has been analyzed was collected. The respondents were interviewed about their perceptions of sexual harassment and their level of comfort attached to it. The respondents of YDS were interrogated about the notions and standpoints about sexual activities and if they view such actions as disgraceful or intolerable (Emdad et al. 2013).  The quantitative study in this article measured the authority presented at the workplace as administrative authority in 2004 in order to quantify the dissimilarities between genders influencing the organizational authority. The second variable measured is about sex and gender to evaluate the gender identifications and performances by formulating interview questions like ‘How feminine would you say you are?’ The third variable that is the dimension of race and national origin focused on the usage of dichotomous measures of race and nationality (Denzin 2012). The second last independent variable evaluated the family status, the account of vulnerability single women faced in comparison with married ones. A work characteristic, which is the last independent variable, examined the environment women work.

c) The mixed methodological strategy has been adopted in order to enlighten the subjective aspects of sexual harassment (Steiner 2012). This method in the first place considered the probabilities of the data provided by the participants against any behavioural indicator where it has found that thirty-six percent respondents have experienced. Secondly, the triangulation method envisages a range of four fundamental indicators asked during the interview period of 2003-2004 that was related to the offensive gestures, inappropriate touching, and forcible attempts of sex. The third dimension offers a thorough assessment of subjective humiliation with the usage of respondents’ self-assessments instead of behavioural outlines.

d) The article managed to convince through the quantitative analyses, which recognized the fundamental empirical associations, and the qualitative interview research provided the reasons and explanations of the interconnectedness of these relations. The triangulation method suggested that sexual harassment experiences are more varied than the generalized notion of the harassment scenario of male and female subordinates. This analysis provided certain effective insights on the relative authority present in both the parties in the context of harassment. High quality research data can be produced through excellent empirical research.

 

Article 2

Hirsch, B., Schank, T. and Schnabel, C., 2010. Differences in labour supply to monopsonistic firms and the gender pay gap: An empirical analysis using linked employer-employee data from Germany. Journal of Labor Economics, 28(2), pp.291-330.

Traditional research provides thorough investigation on the elasticity of women’s labour workforce as compared to men. This article however observes that although the production of women has greater level of flexibility compared to men at the market level, but the scenario might be contradictory at an organizational level because of stern competition and steeper labour production for women to the company. The reason behind this can be related to various preferences and inclinations further resulting to the growing rate of immobility. It must be taken into consideration that certain theoretical assumptions can be drawn in relation to wage disparity and discrimination. However, few resources negate that firms engage into pay discrimination to assure profit maximization rather than depending wholly on valuable prejudices. On the other hand, three types of explorations can evaluate the probabilities of whether organizational labour contributions are different between the two genders. Evaluation on men and women’s labour supply to an organization can be conducted with the help of structural approach that relies on a dynamic structure of new monopsony (Webber 2016). A structural approach is considered as an effective tool to observe the profit maximising as well as while estimating both men and women’s organizational level employment production.

What sampling procedure is used, and do you think it is appropriate?

A subsequent empirical research analysis has been conducted in this study which is the German LIAB also known as Linked Employer Dataset of the Institute for Employment Research belonging to the Federal Employment Agency of German. An employee background that is required for formulating the LIAB depends on the incorporated notification course of action for health, pension as well as unemployment monetary assurance. According to theorist Youngjoo Cha, the empirical research procedure is crucial to gather data of the entire workforce if censored with the help of  the social defence structure, at the area, where the act of misleading and invalid reporting is authorized within legal procedures.  The data gathered through this sampling procedure incorporates information of all workers based on the daily gross earnings concealed by the security system.

What are the main concepts measured in the study, and do you think the measures used are valid?

The sample means of income and several other explanatory variables have been discussed in this study. It has been recognized in the regression sampling that the wages earned by men are higher on the average of about fifteen percent as compared to the female workers. The study managed to convince through the structural estimation method and empirical study to assess the continued income elasticity of an organization men and women’s production supplies. There is a need of a logit model in order to understand the probability of a recruit being hired from the employment, where the approximate co efficiency due to log remuneration relates the division of elasticity with the service as well as the recruitment elasticity from lack of employment (Lewis 2015). According to Burchell, the four dimensions or legit model are as follows, devoid of establishment controlling measures, in regards to the alliance to establishment control, along with the establishment controls and individual specific frailties and lastly with random impacts that is in relation with establishment controls with explicit of establishment related frailties.

What methods were used to analyze the data?

The method of survival analysis has been conducted to observe and further analyze the varied aspects and institutions present in the German structure of wage and gross determination. The system of collective negotiation amongst the union associations and workers in Germany is predominant particularly at the sectoral as well as regional domain (Card, Heining and Kline 2013). However, it must be noted that such trend of collective negotiation might take place at organizational level as well.

 Do you find the author’s conclusions convincing?

The conclusions however, managed to influence with the help of an empirical, survival as well as structural approach. This approach nevertheless relied on the fundamental model of new monopsony and further drew relations to the dataset of employer-employee that is situated in the German context.

 

References

Burchell, B., Sehnbruch, K., Piasna, A. and Agloni, N., 2013. The quality of employment and decent work: definitions, methodologies, and ongoing debates. Cambridge journal of economics, 38(2), pp.459-477.

Card, D., Heining, J. and Kline, P., 2013. Workplace heterogeneity and the rise of West German wage inequality. The Quarterly journal of economics, 128(3), pp.967-1015.

Cha, Y. and Weeden, K.A., 2014. Overwork and the slow convergence in the gender gap in wages. American Sociological Review, 79(3), pp.457-484.

Denzin, N.K., 2012. Triangulation 2.0. Journal of mixed methods research, 6(2), pp.80-88.

Emdad, R., Alipour, A., Hagberg, J. and Jensen, I.B., 2013. The impact of bystanding to workplace bullying on symptoms of depression among women and men in industry in Sweden: an empirical and theoretical longitudinal study. International archives of occupational and environmental health, 86(6), pp.709-716.

Fielding, N.G., 2012. Triangulation and mixed methods designs: Data integration with new research technologies. Journal of Mixed Methods Research, 6(2), pp.124-136.

Hirsch, B., Schank, T. and Schnabel, C., 2010. Differences in labor supply to monopsonistic firms and the gender pay gap: An empirical analysis using linked employer-employee data from Germany. Journal of Labor Economics, 28(2), pp.291-330.

Lewis, S., 2015. Qualitative inquiry and research design: Choosing among five approaches. Health promotion practice, 16(4), pp.473-475.

McLaughlin, H., Uggen, C. and Blackstone, A., 2012. Sexual harassment, workplace authority, and the paradox of power. American sociological review, 77(4), pp.625-647.

Mertens, D.M., 2014. Research and evaluation in education and psychology: Integrating diversity with quantitative, qualitative, and mixed methods. Sage publications.

Steiner, J., 2012. The foundations of deliberative democracy: Empirical research and normative implications. Cambridge University Press.

Webber, D.A., 2016. Firm?Level Monopsony and the Gender Pay Gap. Industrial Relations: A Journal of Economy and Society, 55(2), pp.323-345.

Download Sample

Get 100% money back after download, simply upload your unique content* of similar no. of pages or more. We verify your content and once successfully verified 100% value credited to your wallet within 7 days.

Upload Unique Document

Document Under Evaluation

Get Credits into Your Wallet

*The content must not be available online or in our existing Database to qualify as unique.

Cite This Work

To export a reference to this article please select a referencing stye below:

My Assignment Help. (2020). Article Review For Increased Growth Of Sexual Harassment. Retrieved from https://myassignmenthelp.com/free-samples/soc20260-article-review-for-increased-growth-of-sexual-harassment.

"Article Review For Increased Growth Of Sexual Harassment." My Assignment Help, 2020, https://myassignmenthelp.com/free-samples/soc20260-article-review-for-increased-growth-of-sexual-harassment.

My Assignment Help (2020) Article Review For Increased Growth Of Sexual Harassment [Online]. Available from: https://myassignmenthelp.com/free-samples/soc20260-article-review-for-increased-growth-of-sexual-harassment
[Accessed 10 July 2020].

My Assignment Help. 'Article Review For Increased Growth Of Sexual Harassment' (My Assignment Help, 2020) <https://myassignmenthelp.com/free-samples/soc20260-article-review-for-increased-growth-of-sexual-harassment> accessed 10 July 2020.

My Assignment Help. Article Review For Increased Growth Of Sexual Harassment [Internet]. My Assignment Help. 2020 [cited 10 July 2020]. Available from: https://myassignmenthelp.com/free-samples/soc20260-article-review-for-increased-growth-of-sexual-harassment.


MyAssignmenthelp.com is the best destination for students looking for college essay examples and customised solutions. Our in-house writers know how to analyse and solve some of the most complicated analytical, cause and effect, descriptive and argumentative essay topics. In addition to it, our in-house college essay writers are well aware of the various conventions that are required to be followed while drafting unique introductions, informative body paragraphs and compelling conclusions. So, hire our academic writers, and have all college essay topics drafted with precision.

Latest Management Samples

DMKT5008 Digital Marketing Spring

Download : 0 | Pages : 21

Answer: Introduction The whole study is focussed on the importance of digital marketing in nowadays. The importance is being felt by one of the renowned names in the entertainment industry. It is about HMV which is headquartered in the UK. The company had remained a popular name in the entertainment industry until the time; the position was actually being hampered by Amazon in around 2012. Amazon had enabled people getting their favourite mus...

Read More arrow

IHRM4032 Introduction To Human Resource Management Spring 2018

Download : 0 | Pages : 12

Answer: Introduction Management of human resources of an organization is pivotal to the success of the organization. Human resource management team plays a wide variety of roles in the business starting from recruiting competent employees, ensuring the employees are fairly compensated, putting efforts in retaining employees, managing organizational talent and addressing employee grievances (Jackson, Schuler & Jiang, 2014). The case in the...

Read More arrow Tags: Australia Marlborough Management University of New South Wales Humanities 

FELM4026 Financial And Economic Literacy For Managers11

Download : 0 | Pages : 20

Answer: Introduction: The financial and economic literacy report has been prepared to analyze and evaluate the numerous concepts about the economical concept, micro factors, macro factors etc. the report explains about the changes and the performance of UK economical position. For preparing the report, local high street market of UK has been evaluated and it has been identified that how the corporate could growth itself. Further, the study ha...

Read More arrow

FELM4026 Financial And Economic Literacy For Managers11

Download : 0 | Pages : 20

Answer: Introduction: The financial and economic literacy report has been prepared to analyze and evaluate the numerous concepts about the economical concept, micro factors, macro factors etc. the report explains about the changes and the performance of UK economical position. For preparing the report, local high street market of UK has been evaluated and it has been identified that how the corporate could growth itself. Further, the study ha...

Read More arrow

DMKT5008 Digital Marketing Spring 2018

Download : 0 | Pages : 21

Answer: Study background:   The whole study is focussed on the importance of digital marketing in nowadays. The importance is being felt by one of the renowned names in the entertainment industry. It is about HMV which is headquartered in the UK. The company had remained a popular name in the entertainment industry until the time; the position was actually being hampered by Amazon in around 2012. Amazon had enabled people getting th...

Read More arrow
Next
watch

Save Time & improve Grade

Just share Requriment and get customize Solution.

question
We will use e-mail only for:

arrow Communication regarding your orders

arrow To send you invoices, and other billing info

arrow To provide you with information of offers and other benefits

1,359,015

Orders

4.9/5

Overall Rating

5,081

Experts

Our Amazing Features

delivery

On Time Delivery

Our writers make sure that all orders are submitted, prior to the deadline.

work

Plagiarism Free Work

Using reliable plagiarism detection software, Turnitin.com.We only provide customized 100 percent original papers.

time

24 X 7 Live Help

Feel free to contact our assignment writing services any time via phone, email or live chat.

subject

Services For All Subjects

Our writers can provide you professional writing assistance on any subject at any level.

price

Best Price Guarantee

Our best price guarantee ensures that the features we offer cannot be matched by any of the competitors.

Our Experts

Assignment writing guide
student rating student rating student rating student rating student rating 5/5

1592 Order Completed

96% Response Time

Jane Sima

Ph.D in Psychology with Specialization in Industrial-Organizational Psychology

Singapore, Singapore

Hire Me
Assignment writing guide
student rating student rating student rating student rating student rating 5/5

647 Order Completed

98% Response Time

Adlina Han

Masters in Marketing with Specialization in Branding

Singapore, Singapore

Hire Me
Assignment writing guide
student rating student rating student rating student rating student rating 5/5

1265 Order Completed

97% Response Time

James Cook

Masters in Management

Wellington, New Zealand

Hire Me
Assignment writing guide
student rating student rating student rating student rating student rating 5/5

440 Order Completed

99% Response Time

Jack Arens

MBA in HRM

London, United Kingdom

Hire Me

FREE Tools

plagiarism

Plagiarism Checker

Get all your documents checked for plagiarism or duplicacy with us.

essay

Essay Typer

Get different kinds of essays typed in minutes with clicks.

edit

GPA Calculator

Calculate your semester grades and cumulative GPa with our GPA Calculator.

referencing

Chemical Equation Balancer

Balance any chemical equation in minutes just by entering the formula.

calculator

Word Counter & Page Calculator

Calculate the number of words and number of pages of all your academic documents.

Refer Just 5 Friends to Earn More than $2000

Check your estimated earning as per your ability

1

1

1

Your Approx Earning

Live Review

Our Mission Client Satisfaction

Great work from expert! All good just missing one 1 reference, feedback and get it within a few hours.

flag

User Id: 254651 - 10 Jul 2020

Australia

student rating student rating student rating student rating student rating

Amazing work, thank you very much I have achieved amazing results. Thank you for your hard work

flag

User Id: 261191 - 10 Jul 2020

Australia

student rating student rating student rating student rating student rating

Really good work on the code. It ran perfectly and there were no mistakes in the code. All of the instructions were followed and there were no syntax errors at all.

flag

User Id: 457776 - 10 Jul 2020

Australia

student rating student rating student rating student rating student rating

very clear answers, full of information. The doctor was very happy with the answers. Thank you.

flag

User Id: 391476 - 10 Jul 2020

Australia

student rating student rating student rating student rating student rating
callback request mobile
Have any Query?