Social policies are government policies, which act as guidelines for the better development of the society. These policies adhere on the lines of human development, which ensure better life for the citizens of the country. Australia as a country partakes the development of social policies as a necessity to develop the living conditions of the citizens (Zubrick, Smith, Nicholson, Sanson & Jackiewicz, 2008). The purpose of this assignment is to focus to the key aspects that are taken into consideration by the government while developing a social policy. The chosen social policy for this assignment is the regarding the parenting and families in Australia.
The formation of a social policy depends on several factors. The factors include the severity of the issue and the probable solutions that can be adopted by the government bodies in order to overcome the problems efficiently (Zubrick, Smith, Nicholson, Sanson & Jackiewicz, 2008). This method requires several systematic research and analysis, from which data can be ascertained to determine the severity of the issue and the possible changes that can adopted.
Parenting and family issues are trending in the psychological and social behaviour of the modern society. Modern parents are often confused about their roles in parenting. They are often confused about maintaining their work-balance ratio with their family time in order to maintain a happy and healthy family life (O'Brien, 2013). The policy development hence requires to have specific research on certain sections, which can help to explore the aspects of the relationship between the Australian children and their parents and also the family life of the Australian families. According to Reupert, Maybery, Nicholson, Göpfert and Seeman (2015), firstly, the findings include the data on the feelings of the parents and the factors that affect them. Secondly, the research is to be conducted on the different styles of parenting that are commonly followed. These factors include the aspects, which influence the feelings of the parents and how they react to their children’s behaviour. Thirdly, the data findings should also include the responses of the parents who are not able to stay with their children. These findings should be able to analyse the factors, which are enable to influence the behavioural outcome of the children and how they affect the family relationships.
The research on the above mentioned subjects are not independent objectives, but are interlinked to each other on the basis of different modern themes, which influence the modern social relationships in a family. The findings from the research are able to highlight the different characteristics related to parenting and family. These aspects help in determining how they are proportional to the development of a child’s behaviour. The parenting factor plays a prominent role in this case. According to Luci-Greulich and Thévenon (2013), the different aspects of parenting such as the warmth exhibited towards the children in contrast to the hostility helps in the understanding of the consistency of the parenting structure, and the efficiency of the role they play in building the family ties. For example, in case of parents who are hostile towards their children tend to develop a negative approach in the children by the young age of 4 to 5. On the contrary, parents who are parents who are more patient in dealing with the children helps in the development of confidence in the children (Zubrick, Smith, Nicholson, Sanson & Jackiewicz, 2008). These types of approach helps the policy makers to determine how the secondary outcome plays a very important role in the development of family issues and accordingly develops the preventive policies. These policies can guide the young parents to develop a more positive relation with their children and create a more united family value.
Concerning Australia, the modern society looks up to the parents as doing a good job in bringing up the children and maintain a good relation with them. However, the development of social policies focuses on the constant evolution of the society, which has a tendency to evolve with time. This aspect is such that the careers of the parents from an older generation seem to change in the newer generation (Qvortrup, 2015). The newer demands of the careers changes the pattern of parenting styles that they are able to give to their children. Similarly, if the social policies are not developed accordingly, the social support for the newer policies seem to diminish with the passage of time. Social support is a very important factor, which determines the psychological state of the families. The stress of parenting is a very important aspect, which influences the outcomes of the children behaviour and family development. For example, if the parents are not aware of the work-balance ratio then they might not be able to understand the weight of their priorities (Thomson, Lappegård, Carlson, Evans & Gray, 2014). The development of social policies is developed on the basis of the study and research of the modern trends of family life and how the people are concerned about choosing their priorities over the others. Moreover, the development of policies also takes into consideration the availability of the extended families, who at times play a very important role in the upbringing of the children. According to Butts, Casper and Yang (2013), extended families helps in the determination of a unique role that a family can play in shaping the lives of the human beings. The relationships and their importance plays a very important role in determining the social factors that are responsible for the community connectedness highlighted in the social policies regarding family.
Education of parents using social means of communication is a very important factor for the development of social policies. The parental education based on the social ideologies tend to have a more positive outcome on the development of families (Cantillon & Van Lancker, 2013). Moreover, the income factors also play a very important role in the determination of the required clauses in the social policies.
The above discussion highlights the different factors that are important in the development of the social policies by the government. The government policy makers take into consideration different aspects of parenting and family issues and considers their relevance to the modern trends of the society to develop the required family policies. Hence, it can be concluded that social policies play a very important part and are developed on the basis on the modern trends that determine the smooth working of the society.
Butts, M. M., Casper, W. J., & Yang, T. S. (2013). How important are work–family support policies? A meta-analytic investigation of their effects on employee outcomes. Journal of Applied Psychology, 98(1), 1.
Cantillon, B., & Van Lancker, W. (2013). Three shortcomings of the social investment perspective. Social policy and society, 12(4), 553-564.
Luci-Greulich, A., & Thévenon, O. (2013). The impact of family policies on fertility trends in developed countries. European Journal of Population/Revue européenne de Démographie, 29(4), 387-416.
O'Brien, M. (2013). Fitting fathers into work-family policies: International challenges in turbulent times. International Journal of Sociology and Social Policy, 33(9/10), 542-564.
Qvortrup, J. (2015). A voice for children in statistical and social accounting: A plea for children’s right to be heard. In Constructing and reconstructing childhood (pp. 74-93). Routledge.
Reupert, A., Maybery, D., Nicholson, J., Göpfert, M., & Seeman, M. V. (Eds.). (2015). Parental psychiatric disorder: Distressed parents and their families. Cambridge University Press.
Thomson, E., Lappegård, T., Carlson, M., Evans, A., & Gray, E. (2014). Childbearing across partnerships in Australia, the United States, Norway, and Sweden. Demography, 51(2), 485-508.
Zubrick, S. R., Smith, G. J., Nicholson, J., Sanson, A., & Jackiewicz, T. A. (2008). Parenting and families in Australia.