From the 1990s, there have been numerous cases where the social workers have managed to respond to the referrals of children, youth and their families to the Children's Social Care departments. This has helped in screening out the families and also enable child protection assessment so as to make them lead a better and healthy life in the future. The assessment framework would help in screening the risks and also the causes of such kinds of risks and make an assessment of the children who were in need. The social work assessment of a family situation would help in shifting to the preventive strategies as well that are related to the child welfare interventions. The social work assessment of needs is carried out under the Children Act 1989 so as to make an assessment of the risks and also determine the causes for which the children could become intrusive and oppressive (Achenbach & Rescorla, 2013). This would further allow for the development of effective intervention strategies that would need proper assessment before the services would be offered. From the case study, it could be understood that Linda was separated from her husband, as a result of which she suffered from anxiety and depression and also became reactive to behavioral problems in her children. She had often responded in an angry tone and also failed to take care of her children in a proper manner. Her children named Jason and Cindy also had been suffering from disruptive behavior and Jason had been diagnosed with ADHD while Cindy had learning disabilities which prevented her to go through her lessons properly (Ansell, 2016). A cognitive assessment repot was also presented that showed that both the children had been suffering from learning deficits. As a social worker, I have contacted Linda over phone and also an appointment has been arranged for her and her children so as cope up with the situation and furthermore allow to make sure that Linda overcome this situation and take care of her children well.
Overview or HYPOTHESIS
There have been behavioral issues with Jason and Cindy and these can be a result of ineffective parenting of Linda
Assessment (practice approaches)
The social work or family centered Management would also help to understand how the strengths, needs and resources of a family could affect the safety and health of a child. The social work assessment must be based on strengths and would also be culturally sensitive that would help in developing good relationships between the family members too. The strengths would further help in finding out how the family could make changes and ensure proper health and well being of their children with ease and effectiveness. The strengths perspective could be applied to the problem based assessment for the purpose of enhancing resilience within the family and also make sure that the mother of the two children is taken care of at first (Cabrera & Tamis-LeMonda, 2013). Linda was suffering from anxiety disorder as a result of which she was treated by medication from the general practitioner. She often had shown aggressive behavior to her children and also found it difficult to remain consistent with the consequences. There had been situations when she removed the games but not that much extreme like removing games for an entire week. She also suffered from depression due to the separation from her husband George and had been feeling down to take care of her children alone. The social work assessment here would help the general practitioner and the client to develop a strong bond and gather necessary information to understand how the client had been feeling. The assessment could also give a proper information about the problems faced by client and furthermore develop plans for intervention and evaluate the progress too (Coady & Lehmann, 2016). The social workers would carry out direct counseling of patients and also the families which are considered as a broader set f their roles and responsibilities. The role of Social workers is also to serve as a link between different health and social care organizations so as to assist patients and collaborate with other health professionals to ensure patient wellness. The Social workers also could address legal issues, and also assist with hearings and provide testimony related to their patients (Gray & Webb, 2012).
According to the functional family therapy as suggested by Alexender and Robbins, (2011) it is prescribed for young people who are between the age of 10 and 18 and who display anti-social behavior. In this case it has been seen that Jason was put into detention for disruptive behavior in class. Further, it has also been noted that Cindy has been getting emotional outbursts and has been getting angry. These are indicative of anti-social behavior and therefore the family functional therapy can be beneficial for them. The engagement plan is based on the level of parental compliance with the social work expectations that is needed for the process of social work assessment. If the parental involvement is essential for gaining success, then the assessment is also needed for maintaining a good connection between the social worker and client and easily identify the problems the client has been facing, just like the case of Linda here. The parental behaviors are needed to be changed for proper social work involvement and also for ensuring that the children within the families are not subjected to any sort of bad behavior or attitude. The Provincial Project Committee has also enhanced the Positive Worker Interventions with Children and their Families in Protection Services so as to make sure that the children are not harmed from their families and they are properly taken care of so that they can live a healthy life in the future (Hepworth et al, 2016). As Linda does not have much contact with her husband she might not take the help of him though she might ask him for help and also allow him to make a decision about how their children can be shown the right way of leading in life. The parents must consult with a social worker so as to identify the risks which might create problems for the children and also maintain good work ethics by treating the patients properly and make sure that her children are also taken care of in a proper manner (Holloway et al, 2010).
As also illustrated by Goldenberg and Goldenberg (2012) engagement via early intervention strategies has also become important for dealing with the risks and also enhance the scopes and opportunities for child development through maximization of protective factors and processes. This would not only make Linda overcome from her sorrow and sadness but would also allowed her to identify any issues faced by her children and ensure that they are not shown any aggressive behavior which might create a negative mindset among their minds (Sullivan et al, 2010). Engagement plan would also include spending maximum time with the children and learn about their needs and requirements and also fulfill those needs so that they could learn properly at school and also overcome from their learning disability. The accessibility to the social care services should be open for single parents so that they could consult us and ensure how they could take proper care of themselves and also their children at the same time (Honwana, 2012).
Family assessment is considered as an essential part of the early intervention plan. The refocusing debate is one of the most effective intervention strategies which have enabled the social workers to work with the families. There had been various cases before the Labour Government which showed that the influence of family and other personal family problems like anxiety, depression and offensive behavior of parents could lead to increased risks of problematic childhood behavioral problems and poor parenting, just as the case study where both the children of Linda were suffering from learning disorder and also the elder one named Jason had been suspended from school due to disruptive behavior (Lerner & Simon, 2014).
The child welfare policy has been developed for the purpose of increasing the scopes and opportunities for providing the targeted services to families where poor parenting has been identified. This has been aimed to reduce the risk of bad behavior among children and also decrease the adverse life choices that they might take at adulthood. The Early intervention plan would also allow Linda to become a Good parent who would nourish her kids properly by forgetting about what she had lost and rather focus on how her children could be successful in the future. Early intervention also would need Smart investment, massive savings, the second independent report to her majesty's government. And this policy or program has helped in aiming at the supporting and working in partnership with families on a multi level manner (O'Keeffe & Clarke-Pearson, 2011). This would also build string communities and allow the individuals living within the society to support the single mother and also take care of her children by letting them learn about how to make good choices as well rather than learning about the kind of behavior that their mother had been addressing. As a health care practitioner, I would also like to work in the health care setting so as to address the problem resolution and determine the strengths’ orientation. Proper diagnosis would help in labeling the issue and would also be incongruent with the strengths’ perspective, thereby would allow the client to take the services properly. The RIDGES model has also been used here for handling the issues and deliver proper treatment to the client as well (Palisano et al, 2010).
- Rules: set ground rules
- Identify issues we would like to change
- Decide on what to work on first
- Goals : what do we want to achieve?
- Explore the issues in more detail
- Strategies /activities: work out ways of achieving goals
According to the case study, Jason was suspended for disruptive behavior in class. He also had learning difficulties and also had been diagnosed with ADHD, due to which he had been medicated under the care of a pediatrician. Jason had also showed his dis-concern regarding medication and also complained that it made him more sick (Stanton-Salazar, 2011). Cindy the younger child of Linda on the other hand was quite cooperative with her teachers at school though she seemed sad and also had emotional outbursts of crying and even getting angry sometimes. Thus both the children had been suffering from learning deficit as a result of which they need immediate treatment and also Linda must overcome from her depression and anxiety to take care of her children as soon as possible (Park, 2011).
The social worker’s personal values and experiences, professional values and ethics
While working as a social worker within a health and social care agency, I called Linda and we discussed about the various problems related to her mental health. It is the duty of the social worker to assist the client in the right direction and also make her overcome from her stress and anxiety. The personal values of a social work would help to focus on the needs and requirements of clients at first and then with their vast amount of skills and experience treat the patient with utmost care and respect (Bender, 2010). The professional ethics mean focusing on the preferences of clients at first and also maintain the confidentiality of their details and information regarding their issue of health problem. As Linda is separated, the confidentiality of information is essential so as to make sure that the information about her does not fall in wrong hands who might take advantage of that situation anyhow. The professional values are not personal to the individual, rather those are formal guides which can allow the social workers to adhere to the aim and objective of developing a professional culture which would result in improving the practice of drawing boundaries (Ungar, 2011). Within the codes of ethics, all these professional values and principles could enable the social worker, i.e., me to practice in a manner that would safeguard Linda and her children’s rights to privacy, self-determination and also would be treated with dignity and respect. The British Association for Social Workers (BASW) code of ethics comprises of five core basic values to which social workers must be committed. All these ethics are human dignity and worth, social justice, service to humanity, integrity and competence (Bott & Spillius, 2014). The code of ethics also consists of various kinds of professional values that can guide the social work practice and detail the standards of conduct practitioners and meet the satisfactory standards of the agency too. The professional codes and ethics would also allow the social worker to be held accountable for the quality of their work and how Linda had been treated so that she and her children could lead a healthy life in the future without any disability or illness. I would also maintain privacy of the patient by keeping the details of treatment and information about the client and her children confidential too (Stratton, 2005).
Social work theories and models
There are various social work theories that have been supported by evidence obtained through the scientific methods and techniques. The theory of social work could also explain the behavior of human beings and determine how the human beings could interact or respond to the stimuli. The models are essential for providing the social workers with a blueprint of how to help others based on the underlying social work theory. The social work theory could explain why something happens, while the model shows how the theory could be utilized to manage changes or improvements of behavior among the clients (Ansell, 2016).
The systems theory could describe the behavior of human beings based on the complex systems. It also includes the idea about an effective system based on individual needs, rewards, expectations, and attributes of the people who needed the treatment like here Linda and her children (Fallon et al, 2010). According to the theory, families, couples, and organization members are directly involved in resolving a problem even if it is an individual issue. Social learning theory could enable learning through various observations and imitations. There would be reinforcement of new behavior rather than hearing new theories and concepts. This would also strengthen the learning process of Jason and Cindy and allow then to overcome from their learning disability too. The Psychosocial development theory consists of eight different stages where the ways of psychosocial development are determined. The client and her children must pass through all the stages of the development over the life cycle including the hope, will, purpose, competence, fidelity, love, care, and wisdom (Coady et al, 2016). All these stages are divided into various age ranges from infancy to older individuals.
The Cognitive behavioral therapy is focused with the development of relationship between thoughts, feelings, and behaviors of the individual. The Social workers are responsible for assisting the clients in identifying patterns of irrational and self-destructive thoughts and behaviors that could influence their emotions. The Crisis intervention model is utilized to assess the safety, develop relationships, identification of problem , address feelings, generate alternatives and finally develop an action plan. All these theories could help in dealing with the issues faced by Linda and her children and also ensure appropriate Social work with children, youth and families (Hepworth et al, 2016).
The topic is concerned with the social work with children, youth and families. The report included the various concepts of social work assessment of a family situation and also a proper plan had been prepared for the purpose of engagement and intervention with the use of appropriate frameworks. The personal values and professional ethics had been maintained for representing a good work culture where the client would get proper treatment. Various social theories and models including the Cognitive behavioral therapy, Psychosocial development theory , social learning theory, etc. had also been included here for drawing a good conclusion in the end (Honwana, 2012).
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