Spirituality is evolving, disputed and problematic concept. There are two edges to the meaning of spirituality; both methodologies recognize a quest for importance. For some individuals, divine vicinity is the key focus; for others, spirituality is a mainstream idea including inward life, individual conviction and emphasizing on self (Iriss.org.uk, 2015). Spirituality is characterized in a few courses as it relates to distinctive perspective of world view (Puchalski, 2004). Worldview can be defined as “duty, a key introduction of the heart, that can be communicated as a story or in an arrangement of presuppositions (suppositions which may be genuine, in part genuine or totally false) which an individual holds (intentionally or subliminally, reliably or conflictingly) about the fundamental constitution of reality, and that gives the establishment on which people live and move and have their being” (AllAboutWorldview.org, 2015). This essay would relate the worldview to Pluralism, Scientism and Postmodernism context of religion and modern culture.
The notion of “spiritual worldview” includes both spirituality and religion. Additionally it also includes different philosophical and sociological beliefs (Tilburt, 2010). It might include the non-theist spirituality, or the new age concepts, utilitarianism or humanism etc. For many individual, this spiritual worldview is a dimension that aids to receptive to the intricate and assorted courses in which individuals customize their convictions (Haynes, Hilbers, Kivikko & Ratnavuyha, 2007). Scientism is the way of viewing the world in a scientific method. According to this “the whole thing that exists has been demonstrated deductively by utilizing the proper system, this does not prohibit new headways in science which will empower the evidence of other presence”. Pluralism is in which the general public individuals structure their way of life in view of acknowledgement and differences. These normal characteristics all take a stab at the benefit of every one of all furthermore acknowledge there is some truth in different convictions. This worldview perspective hassles the significance of resistance of different religions however does not however veer off from their own particular convictions. Worldview of Postmodernism spotlights on the advantages of science and perceives that science alone can't offer intending to life (Shelly & Miller, 2006).
Due to different provider-patient-system characteristics in healthcare, worldview builds cover with other psychological and social develops. Serving patients can include investing time with them, holding their hands, and discussing what is vital to them (Rieg, Mason & Preston, 2006). Thus, spirituality worldview supports a more extensive comprehension of and expounds upon the implied content of religion and culture. This helps to understand the patients and disclose approaches to practice profound care, and compress some national endeavors to join spirituality in healthcare and medicine (Barber, 2013).
According to Christianity contour, “Prime Reality” is the unending, individual God uncovered in the sacred scriptures. This God is good, sovereign, omniscient, immanent, transcendent and triune. In answering the second question of worldview, the Christian theistic beliefs that “External reality” is the universe God completed ex nihilo to work with a consistency of circumstances and end results in an open framework. Thirdly, “Human beings” are made in the picture of God and accordingly have identity, astonishing toward oneself quality, insight, ethical quality, gregariousness and inventiveness (Sire, 2004). Fourthly, “Person Death”, is either the entryway to existence with God and his kin or the door to the interminable partition from the main thing that will at last satisfy human yearnings. Fifth, “Knowing every is impossible” because, individuals can know both their general surroundings and God himself in light of the fact that God has incorporated with them the ability to do as such and in light of the fact that he takes a dynamic part in corresponding with them. Sixth, “what is wrong and right?” God is the wellspring of the ethical world and also the corporeal world. Ethics are otherworldly and are taking into account the character of God as great. Lastly, the seventh question “human history”, is straight, an important arrangement of occasions prompting the satisfaction of God's reasons for humanity. All things are prompting the zenith of time at the second happening to Christ (Sire, 2004).
All the above seven questions of worldview demonstrates in short that “God is a healer”. According to Biblical understanding, health workers may endeavor to encourage mending from various perspectives but God is the ultimate healer. Therefore, in conclusion, it can be said that spiritual worldview can help the patients to cope with life stress, pain and illness. Believing on God can help the patients to recover from any disease or face the death. Thus, understanding the spirituality worldview helps the health care workers to manage health effectively and also address the spiritual beliefs of the patients and value their framework.
AllAboutWorldview.org,. (2015). Worldviews. Retrieved 23 March 2015, from https://www.allaboutworldview.org/worldviews.htm
Barber, C. (2013). Spirituality article 8: the role of the healthcare chaplain. Br J Healthcare Assistants, 7(7), 332-336. doi:10.12968/bjha.2013.7.7.332
Haynes, A., Hilbers, J., Kivikko, J., & Ratnavuyha, D. (2007). Spirituality and Religion in Health Care Practice. Sydney. Retrieved from https://www.rch.org.au/uploadedFiles/Main/Content/cultural_services/Spirituality_Staff_Resource.pdf
Iriss.org.uk,. (2015). Spirituality and ageing: implications for the care and support of older people IRISS Insights, no.19 | IRISS - The Institute for Research and Innovation in Social Services. Retrieved 23 March 2015, from https://www.iriss.org.uk/resources/spirituality-and-ageing-implications-care-and-support-older-people
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Rieg, L., Mason, C., & Preston, K. (2006). Spiritual Care: Practical Guidelines for Rehabilitation Nurses. Rehabilitation Nursing, 31(6), 249-256. doi:10.1002/j.2048-7940.2006.tb00021.x
Shelly, J., & Miller, A. (2006). Called to care. Downers Grove, Ill.: IVP Academic/InterVarsity Press.
Sire, J. (2004). The universe next door. Downers Grove, Ill.: InterVarsity Press.
Tilburt, J. (2010). The Role of Worldviews in Health Disparities Education. J GEN INTERN MED, 25(S2), 178-181. doi:10.1007/s11606-009-1229-9