Describe about the Sports In The Human Civilization Teamwork ?
Since the early age of Sports In The Human Civilization Teamwork has contained a very crucial place. The teamwork is considered as one of the most important factor for achieving any kind of success. It can be concluded from various experts from various sports activities that the chemistry between the players hold a highly impressive role in the case of exhibiting an excellent performance through the sports events. The current paper has chosen the badminton sports for evaluating the aspects of teamwork and group dynamics in a spectacular manner. The doubles and mixed doubles format of badminton highly demands the chemistry among the partners.
The intimate relation outside the badminton court naturally animates the performance of the players within the game. The understanding between them also helps to win the game and get the desired success for their active effort. In the current paper all of the aspects of the teamwork have been discussed in a detailed fashion. In addition to that, the most appropriate and effective aspect has been chosen with proper justification. In this paper the relevant theories of the teamwork have been discussed as well. The paper also contains some study of previous research based on the practical interventions. Furthermore, it suggests some most important recommendation for improving the teamwork.
Aspects of Teamwork:
In order to achieve success, compatibility as well as positive working environment the team would need a highly crucial system which will operate on a long run. There are five aspects of team work as well as group dynamics which is most influential for acquiring the result in a optimum level. These aspects are Intra-group conflict, mutual sharing, teamwork and cohesion as well as leadership model. These aspects can be most effective for defining teamwork as well as their various working throughout the sporting events (Anderson-Butcher et al., 2014).
Inter group conflict: Inter group conflict refers to the differences amongst the team members. The conflict generally occurs in three areas of the team function which are relationship, task, as well as process (Gaffney, 2015). Sometimes it is quite helpful for competing with rival team. It enhances the performance level of the entire team to beat the other team with their maximum effort.
Personal-Disclosure mutual sharing: The mutual sharing is one of the most important aspects of the team working ability. It refers to the understanding as well as collaborative participation within the team members in order to achieve the goal of the team (Mullin, Hardy & Sutton, 2014). In the traditional sense it also can be defined as a situation where an individual team member shares his or her intuition and issue with the remaining team for resolving or responding potential social factor.
Teamwork and cohesion: The teamwork and cohesion refers to the action which is performed with a combined as well as effective group effort in order to achieve the common goal (Hoffman, 2013). The team cohesion on the other hand refers to the degree of the contribution made by the team members in order to enhance the collaborative performance of the overall team.
Leadership model: The leadership model refers to the teamwork aspect which highly guides the team toward the desired goal of the team. The leadership model is highly responsible for influencing as well as motivating the members towards the goals of group (Torres, 2015). This particular model is highly depended on the leader’s interpersonal skills, empathy as well as communication power.
Justification of chosen team work aspects:
In this current paper the team work and cohesion has been selected as the most appropriate along with effective teamwork function at the badminton sporting event. Teamwork as well as cohesion is most effective for functioning as a work unit in the badminton game. It is also quite essential for contributing into the ability of the entire group. In addition to that, the cohesiveness also attempts to develop the interpersonal as well as group-level attraction within the team (Beauchamp & Eys, 2014). The teamwork as well as cohesiveness implements the collaboration strategy within the team in order to ensure the provision of the belonging sense. In addition to that, the teamwork and cohesiveness enhances the communication within the team. This way the team member will be able to share their problems as well as suggestions regarding the game activities. In addition to that, the cohesiveness will also ensure that the team member will eventually be satisfied with the performance of the entire team.
The team member will perform as singular entity as the other member will be able to relate with the potential action of the partner. The communication will also be able to allocate the efforts more effectively. That way the team will be able to perform in an economic fashion and the team’s performance will be enhanced. However, there is also several major negative impacts on the cohesion of the entire team (Levi, 2016). The conformity as well as greater resistance to the change system due to various social processes is most vital adverse effect on the team working ability of the group. Despite of these most critical effects of the team working as well as cohesion, it generates an ample amount of advantage to the team working. That is why the team work and cohesion has been selected as the most appropriate aspects of the group dynamics. Therefore, in the badminton sporting event context it will be proved to be most effective for the success of the overall doubles and mixed doubles team (Evans, Eys & Wolf, 2013).
Relevant theory of team work:
There is a very distinct difference between the sporting events with the other areas of team dynamics. The major reasons of these differences are psychology in the context of society as well as idiosyncrasies of the environment of sporting events. There are various theories which have been highly effective for different areas of teamwork (Silva et al., 2013). These areas are goals accomplishing along with the function of the groups. The theories are highly relevant in respect of coaching psychology, coaching inventions along with developing processes of the teamwork.
The social identity theory developed by Tajfel is the most relevant theory in the context of the social psychology linking with the sports event. The theory illustrates that the team members who emphasizes on being the member of the respective, tend to focus on the in-group as well as out-group differences in a similar extent (Giulianotti, 2015). This theory emphasizes on the concept that the activity which is performed for distinguishing from the other team can be used for enhancing the team working nature of the entire team. It also states that the making the team members as an active part of the team will be most crucial for the achieving the goals with an inclusive team effort.
The social combination theory is another most important concept in respect of the team working ability. This theory highly concentrates on the types of tasks which are implemented by the team members. This kind of categorization of the tasks is proved to be most crucial for comparing the performance of the actual as well as potential format. It therefore reflects the volume of the group’s overall loss. The theory immensely believes that the entire group is unable to exceed the each individual’s potential (Jarvie, 2013). However, it is also stated that the sports event reflects completely mirror effect. That means the group is more successful than the individual member while perusing the goals of the sports event. The types of the tasks which have been stated in this particular theory are discussed below:
Additive tasks: These tasks are mostly renowned for its divisible as well as maximizing nature. These tasks are highly focused on the entire contribution made by the individual team members.
Disjunctive tasks: These tasks generally deal with the solution made by any group achievable by numerous other members or entire teams.
Conjunctive tasks: These tasks are greatly depended on completion of the tasks through calculating each contribution of the team members.
Compensatory tasks: These tasks are known by their average amount of the entire contribution made by the team members for achieving the shared goal of the team in a collective fashion.
Discretionary tasks: These tasks are mainly focused on the collaboration along with combination of the team members for achieving the final goal of the team.
Another most important theory in respect of the team working as well as group dynamics is the social loafing theory. This particular social theory greatly emphasizes on the hypothesis that the team members are highly feels the sense of responsibility in a collective fashion which in turn reduces the pressure on the entire team (Lee, Cornwell & Babiak, 2013). It also illustrates that the team members use more time, effort as well as commitment whilst they work individually. At the same time the social exchange theory supports the prior concept by stating that the team members are highly motivated to achieve the goal with minimum effort. Therefore, they prefer to work in a collective fashion.
Study of Previous research:
The field of the research works on the team working as well as cohesion in the sporting events greatly relies on the theories of social psychology. In various time it has been noted that the interactions as well as situations in the sporting events are unique. However, it has been noted at most of the time that the occasions follow the same principles in a repetitive fashion. Woods (2015) has been most successful to identify that there are two different kind of cohesion which are task cohesion as well as social cohesion. The task cohesion is mostly called by group integration which deals with the perceptions of all of the group members. On the other hand, the social cohesion is mainly focused on the personal affection within the team members. It also illustrates that the high social cohesion will result a greater partnership performance in badminton sports event.
In addition to that, as Kerr (2014) stated that the cohesion can be divided into two different part which are primary cohesion as well as secondary cohesion. The primary cohesion mostly based on the perceptions of the individual group members. Moreover, it also reflects whether the team’s performance will be disrupted by the social factors or not. On the contrary, the secondary dimension of cohesion most basically depends on the features of the group. It discloses that the team will be more stable as well as structured if the team members have individual roles. It has been stated by various scholars that the unity in respect of the team’s collective goal as well as mutual respect within the team is both equally important for the success of the entire teamwork. As the team members can belong from diverse background it is evident they will reflect different perceptions. Therefore, the team members must exhibit mutual respect to the other member in order to increase their performance. It has been identified by Parent and Smith-Swan (2013) that there are four distinguished key factors which are situational factors, personal factors, leadership factors as well as team factors.
Practical recommendation of teamwork:
in order to develop the team work in the badminton sports event the partners are highly suggested to focus on several factors which are discussed below:
The sportsman must be highly supportive to his or her partner in a badminton sports doubles and mixed doubles team. This way the partners will cover each other’s mistake in the sporting event. This scenario will eventually enhance the overall performance of the entire team.
The partners need to communicate more openly. The open communication will therefore eradicate any chance of confusion as well as misunderstanding within the team. In addition to that, it is also quite effective for developing a shared understanding for each other.
Respect the partner:
The partners also must focus on developing a respectful environment within the team. This way the team will be able to trust each other. The respect will eventually boost the confidence of the other member and reflect in the performance of the entire team.
The partners also need to treat the other partner with fair amount of care and deference. This will pave the pathway of the more friendly and affectionate relation within the partners. Moreover, the partners will be able to function as a single entity in the badminton court.
This paper has significantly disclosed all of the aspects of the team working in the sporting events. These aspects are inter-group conflict, personal disclosure mutual sharing, teamwork and cohesion as well as leadership model. All of the above stated team working aspects play a great role in respect of working in a team within a sporting event. However, the teamwork and cohesion aspect is mainly identified as the most crucial aspect for the maximum performance in the badminton sports event. The paper also discussed several theories which are highly relevant for the team working in the badminton sports.
These theories are social identity theory, social combination theory, social loafing theory as well as social exchange theory. The social combination theory most successful disclosed several classifications of the tasks performed within team work. These tasks are additive tasks, disjunctive tasks, conjunctive tasks, compensatory tasks as well as discretionary tasks. Furthermore, an evaluated discussion on the previous study on the same topic has been included in this paper as well. Finally the paper has been able to suggest several most necessary recommendations for improving the teamwork within the badminton doubles along with mixed doubles format.
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