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Preliminary Design of Q1 Tower

Question:

Discuss About The Standard Acceptable Budgets And Costing?

Tall landmark building located in Queensland. It has more number of floors mainly designed for commercial use. The design of Q1 involves stages of design such as conceptual design, preliminary design, and detailed design. General criteria for the design are stability and strength. The structural drawing of Q1 tower enable engineers to construct Q1 tower with stability. In any design project, next to the conceptual design phase, preliminary and detailed design takes part. The preliminary and the detailed design part makes sure that the project is standard and will be within the acceptable budgets and costing. The detailed design phase of provides enough ideas for project investors and for the development team to provide tough design.

The preliminary design, detailed design phase of Q1 will be analyzed. The production phases, system test of Q1 will be investigated and provided. The validation process of Q1 design will be examined and provided. The human factors and the optimization will be studied and provided. The infrastructure design aspects of Q1 will be studied. Suitable recommendations will be made finally.

Generally, the preliminary design is the initial step of the design concept. The preliminary design of Q1 takes to the design view of Q1. The interfaces of Q1 design are created both way. The interface of the design Q1 (Construction, 2017).

The primary process of the preliminary design considered to the baseline requirements and description from a contract between the development team and requirements definition team. In preliminary design phase, member of the development group describes the design construction and that will meet the design of system specification (Sirigiri, 2014). This phase organize the desires and requirements into main subsystems and choose a best design plan from among possible replacements. Internal and external designs are defined to the subsystem level and the design of high level objects and functions are specified. The preliminary design report defines the high level design of the building construction. This design phase concludes in the PDR (Preliminary Design Review), where the development group correctly presents the plan design for evaluation part (Paulino, 2010). The design principles and outline design procedures are applied to the preliminary design.

The architecture design of the Q1 tower is developed based on the requirements of consumer and use cases. The relevant report of the design interface, relationship diagrams and design report of Q1 tower are included in the preliminary design of the system (Skyscrapercenter.com, 2017). The floor plan of Q1 tower increases the architecture development and certified that it exclude from mistakes of the design. As more factors are used to the design of Q1 tower and it provides the better visual illustration. The preliminary design phase of the Q1 tower construction includes

  • Frame and window coverings of the Q1 tower
  • Covering of wall in Q1 tower
  • Floor covering of the Q1 tower
  • Special lighting inside Q1 tower
  • Color synchronization in addition with coordination
  • Special interior design of the Q1 tower

Detailed Design of Q1 Tower

The preliminary cabinetry design of the Q1 tower contains three dimensional isometric drawings, location of all drawers and doors, location of plumbing fixtures and all accessories, specially built in furnishers and cabinets. Preliminary ceiling design of the Q1 tower provides the design and location of gypsum board soffits and ceilings as well as location and generic specifications of each lighting fixtures. Finally, preliminary design strategy provides the high level design of Q1 tower and it satisfy the requirements of system architecture.

The detailed design standard for the Q1 tower is to provide an original concrete result to certify concrete. It might be pumped to excessive heights.

The height observatory range of Q1 tower is more than 230m and 771 feet. The floor above ground and floor below ground of the Q1 tower is 78 and 2. The elevator speed of the Q1 tower is 9 m/s and available parking spaces of the Q1 tower is more than 730m. The architectural height of the Q1 tower is 322 m/1,059 ft.

The detailed design of the Q1 tower is discussed below. The preliminary design clearly explained that the development group extended the architecture with more stability (Dubina, Dinu and Stratan, 2009). To get good identification for the construction of Q1 tower, the methods of successive reinforcement detailed the preliminary design. The design formalism are formed and provided in the following types.

  1. The diagrams for the functional design of the Q1 tower
  2. Description of the requirements
  3. Methods or procedure for the operation
  4. Functional and procedural description of every unit in Q1 tower

The detailed design plan document forms the fundamental for the execution of constructing the building. The Critical Design Review calculates the phase of the design of Q1 tower. The detailed design is determined to explain the level of the Q1 tower detailed design. The construction of the building standard components are used by the developers from the various subsystems. The construction team constantly checks each subsystem like new modules. During the construction period of Q1 tower, the components are used effectively. The components of the construction building are correctly integrated and designed further to attract millions of people (Tucker, 2010).

During the phase of the detailed design, the methods for combing designs of the subsystem and the Q1 design of the system are explained in the execution strategy which is arranged through the development managers. The developers evaluated the designs of the main components to explain whether they can be reused or modified in the preliminary phase of the Q1 design.

The design of the building varied in the phase of the detailed design, but it does not change or update the methods of the design in the report of the preliminary design. The inspection and the evaluation of the design are showed during the phase of the preliminary design and in the phase of the detailed design. If the unit design of Q1 tower is certified and calculated at the period of the preliminary, no need to calculate the similar design again in the phase of the detailed design. The phase of the preliminary design provides the high level system design and it also provides the fundamentals for the Q1 tower construction detailed design.

Production Phases and System Testing of Q1 Tower

The Production phases involves two stages. They are the following:

  • Construction
  • Transaction

The following 4 stages involved in the process of Q1 construction:

  • Plan
  • Bid and contracts documentation
  • Making of bids
  • The process of construction

The transaction involves 2 steps:

  • Payments for the construction
  • Project completion

Generally all the project construction starts with plan and design which is mentioned as programming of design architecture. Similarly, Q1 is also started in the similar way. The main designer of the project or construction is the architect. The Q1 designers controlled the whole specifications, design and the materials like wall covering, carper etc and other features of the architectural building. In order to examine the aim and the purpose of the Q1 construction, the engineer and architect had the meetings with the client during the starting stages of the process of the Q1 design (Li, Hutchinson and Duffield, 2017).

The builders of Q1 should produce the potential bidders associated with plans, drawings and the specifications of the project which are in terms of documents in contracts. It gives the pictorial representation. The drawing showed layout, appearance amenities and the equipment for the project. The architectural plan of Q1 specifies the project layout like design plan for floor, elevation details inside Q1, constructional details and the architectural completion. For the Q1 tower, Forise, the china's biggest expanded economic belonging companies contracted three thousand four hundred and ninety four square meter site via its subdivision. Forise funding Australia from an organization related with the investment bank of the United States.

The series of events to make bid contracts of Q1 is as follows

  1. In order to make a formal estimation cost for Q1, contractor acquires plan copy and the specifications initially.
  2. To determine the process of the project construction, contractor reviews the specifications and the contract plans.
  3. All the submitted bids are evaluated by the owner and grant the contracts.
  4. The documentation of the contract comprises of the starting and completion of the dates, requirements for the insurance, procedure for progress building.

The fourth phase is the process of construction which is known as field work broken into permits of the building, shop drawings, submission of projects, order change, sub-contractors and the sub-contractor scheduling.

The contracts for the construction extended over the time period. The client pays the contractor for completion of the work. Q1 tower took four years to complete the construction project. For the construction of Q1 tower, Forise spent greater than two million dollar on the public art by the international famous United State designer Ed carpenter.

The final phase is called as completion phase and it denotes that the building is ready for the occupancy. Ed carpenter, the international famous United State artist fitted the building with the exterior LED lighting which is never seen before in Australia to generate a vision of light which is dropping like a rain down the facade of the building. The five star services of concierge for the residents which include valet parking.

Evaluation of Q1 Tower

There are many system tests are involved. While considering safeties from fire penetrating stairs, the system of stairwell pressurization testing is described. It is the process of exhibiting principles of the engineering work and the affirmation from the reports of the fire engineering. The limitations of tower Q1 relates to the system of stairwell pressurization. The system of pressurization is to generate adequate flow of air to protect smoke from the floor of fire-affected area penetrating the stairwell. The testing exhibited in Q1 that the north stairwell criticized when both of the doors to the stairwell and interconnected freight elevator shaft were unlocked simultaneously. Anyway, the services of the fire and rescue of the Queensland stay fulfilled as to the building security (Scribd, 2017).

The evaluation phase of Q1 tower includes in evaluating the design, cost and quality. Atelier Sustainable Development Goals designed Q1 tower. The process of design started during the Sydney 2000 Olympics, they wanted to make a creation intrinsically. Finally, the tower Q1 is innovated from directed upswept curve of 2000 Olympic torch which is tending to remind opera house of Sydney that overlaps curve. Q1 tower is the tallest building when compared to the Chrysler building which is located in the city of New York. The sky point is two hundred and thirty meters over the sea level. It has one thousand three hundred and thirty one steps from the ground to the level of seventy seven. Q1 tower utilized sixty one thousand cubic meter of concrete. It used nine thousand three hundred tons of reinforcing steel and eighteen thousand nine hundred and twenty six panes of glasses. The cost of the project is approximately two hundred and fifty five million dollar AUD (Goldcoastbulletin.com.au, 2017).

System testing is much essential and it is needed to find the faults. So that greater results can be generated. The testing validation is much crucial for building construction. Q1 is built in a standard way and plan is new yields are displayed in the development. The components used for constructing Q1 is validated. The validation process of building includes fire control censor. Actuators are used for fire safety and smoke controls inside Q1 tower (Q1.com.au, 2017).

In the process of design, the human factors are measured as the chief significant. The human factors analysis classification system (HFACS) is an overall human error structure. It is primarily developed and is tested as a tool kit to investigate and to analyze the human causes of accidents in construction environments (Skypoint.com.au, 2017).

Conclusion

There are many human factors for construction. Among them, climatic condition is a main factor.  It creates effect in construction of building Q1. The architectural formulation connects the needs in construction work physically. It then directly affects and reduces the efficiency. There are many environmental challenges and economic sustainability (Taylor & Francis, 2017).  

The structural systems designed for Q1 can carry gravity and the loads. The Q1 system stiffness is well associated with the weight. The structural engineer provides the optimal design for Q1. The design beams, floors, shear wall-frames are matched with stress and with drift. The optimal efficiency of structural system is well determined by the factor:

Height to width ratio

The optimal structural scheme is provided for Q1. This satisfies drifts and the limits of acceleration. The optimal structural model frames, framed tubes, wall frames are used (Moghaddam and Hajirasouliha, 2008).

Conclusion

The preliminary design and detailed design of Q1 is analyzed and described. The production phases, system test of Q1 are investigated and provided. The production phases includes construction and transaction phases. The validation process of Q1 design is examined and provided. The human factors are studied. The infrastructure design aspects of Q1 are studied. Suitable recommendations are made finally.

References

Construction, F. (2017). Preliminary Design > Facilities Planning & Construction | Yale School of Medicine. [online] Medicine.yale.edu. Available at: https://medicine.yale.edu/facilities/process/prelim/prelim.aspx [Accessed 15 Sep. 2017].

Dubina, D., Dinu, F. and Stratan, A. (2009). Tower Centre International building in Bucharest â?? Part I: Structural design. Steel Construction, 2(4), pp.256-263.

Goldcoastbulletin.com.au. (2017). Q1 is pinnacle of safety Q1 is pinnacle of safety. [online] Available at: https://www.goldcoastbulletin.com.au/news/behind-the-scenes-of-australias-tallest-residential-building-gold-coasts-q1-in-surfers-paradise/news-story/f309e8cc44945b38fb7d56ea8d363b10 [Accessed 15 Sep. 2017].

Home, H. and questions, B. (2017). Building: frequently asked questions - realestate.com.au. [online] realestate.com.au. Available at: https://www.realestate.com.au/advice/building-frequently-asked-questions/ [Accessed 15 Sep. 2017].

Li, B., Hutchinson, G. and Duffield, C. (2017). Contribution of typical non-structural components to the performance of high-rise buildings based on field reconnaissance.

Moghaddam, H. and Hajirasouliha, I. (2008). Optimum strength distribution for seismic design of tall buildings. The Structural Design of Tall and Special Buildings, 17(2), pp.331-349.

Ørstavik, F., Dainty, A. and Abbott, C. (n.d.). Construction innovation.

Paulino, M. (2010). PRELIMINARY DESIGN OF TALL BUILDINGS. [online] Available at: https://web.wpi.edu/Pubs/ETD/Available/etd-042310-093433/unrestricted/Thesis_final_document.pdf.

Process Validation: General Principles and Practices. (2011). [online] Available at: https://www.fda.gov/downloads/drugs/guidances/ucm070336.pdf.

Q1.com.au. (2017). Q1 Policies and Procedures. [online] Available at: https://q1.com.au/contact/q1-policies-and-procedures [Accessed 15 Sep. 2017].

Scribd. (2017). Modeling Loading and Preliminary Design Considerations for Tall Guyed Towers | Buckling | Truss. [online] Available at: https://www.scribd.com/document/306492430/Modeling-Loading-and-Preliminary-Design-Considerations-for-Tall-Guyed-Towers [Accessed 15 Sep. 2017].

Sirigiri, M. (2014). Preliminary Structural Design Optimization of Tall Buildings. [online] Available at: https://docshare01.docshare.tips/files/27528/275287950.pdf.

Skypoint.com.au. (2017). Q1 Facts and History | SkyPoint. [online] Available at: https://www.skypoint.com.au/skypoint-observation-deck/facts-and-history [Accessed 15 Sep. 2017].

Skyscrapercenter.com. (2017). Q1 Tower - The Skyscraper Center. [online] Available at: https://www.skyscrapercenter.com/building/q1-tower/399 [Accessed 15 Sep. 2017].

Taylor & Francis. (2017). Human factors and ergonomic principles in building design for life and work activities: an applied methodology. [online] Available at: https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/1463922X.2010.504286 [Accessed 15 Sep. 2017].

Tucker, L. (2010). Sustainable building systems and construction for designers. New York: Fairchild Books.

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