With the change in the technologies and economic busienss condition, there are several theories and implemented work factors have been taken into consideration. In this report, various ethical theories have been implemented to evaluate the implemented work program. The case study showcases how transport owners have been using the automatic advance technologies in their work functions to win over the market and how it has been killing jobs available to employees in Australia (Bowen, 2010).
What is going on?
This report divulges the key factors which need to be considered for evaluating the ethical and moral issues in the adoption of the driverless trucks and it will kill the jobs available in Australia. By using the several theories, it could be assessed that if advance technologies are adopted then it will negatively impact the society and increase the economic burden at large (Ma, & Safra, 2016).
What are the facts?
The fact of report shows that negative and positive impact of the adopted driverless technologies which will increase the overall outcomes of the busienss. The judgement practice to implement driverless trucks will be assessed on the basis of ethical issue, moral support and implemented strategies program (Bowen, 2010).
What are the issues?
There are several issues which will arise in such as increased unemployment rate, risk of life and failure of the advance system which may also put negative impact on eh society and economic at large (Darwell, 2008).
Who is affected?
The main negative impact of the case would show the negative impact the society and increase the economic burden at large. The Australian Federal Government will need to assess whether the driverless trucks would increase the overall output to the society and economic at large. The judgment practice to allow and disallow driverless trucks should be based on the facts found on the basis of Utilitarianism theory, virtue theory, Contract theory and deontology theory (Bowen, 2010).
This theory divulges that each and every action is based on the motivation of the pleasure of feeling. It reflects the each and every entity has their own benefits and they take their decisions on the basis of their own benefits. The Federal government analyses whether the undertaken action renders the benefits to society and economic at large (Bowen, 2010).
This theory reflects the judgement practice is highly influenced by the motivation factors coming out of the feeling and pleasure of the entity (Solum, Galleries, & edu Page, M. A. (2017).
The deontology theory put emphasises upon the ethical and moral issues of the particular activities. If the undertaken judgement practice to allow the driverless trucks in Australian economy renders more benefits to economic and society at large as compared to its negative impact then this should be adopted. The automation of the services and adopting advance technologies should be appreciated for keeping the people one step ahead from the existing knowledge (Resnik, 2018).
With the changes in times, the driverless trucks in Australia will have several positive and negative impacts. However, the virtue theory could be used to assess the inner strength, core power, divergent thinking and implemented work action program of the entity or busienss owners. If the allowance of use of driverless trucks will give more positive benefits to society then these driverless trucks should be allowed and vice-versa. Nonetheless, the virtue theory is used to assess the decision and judgement practice to evaluate the possible positive negative factors of the implemented decision.
The virtue theory evaluates inner strength, core power, divergent thinking and implemented work action program of the entity, society and people at large from every angle. It strengthens the judgement practice to evaluate all the possible impacts on the concerned persons from every angle (Nilstun, Melltorp, & Hermerén, 2010).
The contract theory covers all the rules, regulation, laws and associated factors which need to be covered by the person to win over the market. It is evaluated all the implemented laws and regulation needs to be equally followed by the people. Each and every person has their own right and they could use their rights to the extent to which they do not harm other persons in society. In this case, adoption of the driverless trucks and its impacts has been assessed on the basis of its positive and negative impacts on the society and environment at large. However, in case of failure to these rules and regulations may result to punishment and imprisonment at large (Bowen, 2010).
The main ethical issue in this case is related to negative impact on the society and people if companies adopt the driverless trucks. In this case, Uber has planned to make their employees independent employee which will eliminate all types of benefits and incentive plans available to them. However, it will eventually reduce the costing of the Uber services but at the same time, it will leave its employees independently working without any safety coverage. It will make Uber not to be responsible for its employees (Mill, 2016).
The main ethical implication would be related to reduction in the benefits to the employees of the transport industry. It is considered that if Uber makes its employees independent then it will negatively impact their sustainable future at large. However, the benefits to society and clients will be increased but employees will be highly impacted by this act in negative manner (Mill, 2016).
What can be done about it?
It is analyzed that before making judgment practice, government and transport busienss owners needs to analyse the moral and ethical concern of the undertaken decision. If promoting busienss of driverless trucks increase the outcomes to society and economic at large then government should endeavoured towards making liberal policies for these transport industry.
What options are there?
There are several ethical theories and work program which could be undertaken by the transport busienss owners before implementing the judgement practice.
- Use of Utilitarianism theory to identify the factors motivated by the feeling of pleasure.
- Deontology theory to identify the ethical and moral concern.
- Virtue theory to evaluate the core factors which might affect the judgement practice.
- Contract theory to identify the applicability of the laws and regulation on the judgement practice (Nilstun, Melltorp, & Hermerén, 2010).
Which option is best – and why?
Best option-Use of the ethical theories to evaluate the cases.
Why- It will assist in identifying the issues and potential benefits to society available (Solum, et al. 2017).
In this case, there are several ethical theories which have been used to analysis the ethical and moral concern in the adoption of the driverless trucks. Now in the end, it could be inferred that judgment practice should be evaluated on the basis of different angel and benefits available to society and economic at large.
Bowen, S. A. (2010). A Theory of Ethical Issues Management: Contributions of Kantian Deontology to Public Relations' Ethics and Decision-Making.
Darwell, S. (2008). Deontology.
Ma, S., & Safra, Z. (2016). Fairness and utilitarianism without independence. Economic Theory, 1-24.
McMahon, C. (2017). Authority and democracy: A general theory of government and management. Princeton University Press.
Mill, J. S. (2016). Utilitarianism. In Seven Masterpieces of Philosophy (pp. 337-383). Routledge.
Nilstun, T., Melltorp, G., & Hermerén, G. (2010). Surveys on attitudes to active euthanasia and the difficulty of drawing normative conclusions. Scandinavian journal of public health, 28(2), 111-116.
Resnik, D. B. (2018). Moral Theory. In The Ethics of Research with Human Subjects (pp. 53-85). Springer, Cham.
Solum, L. B., Galleries, L. B. S. P. P., & edu Page, M. A. (2017). Legal Theory Blog. Legal Theory