$20 Bonus + 25% OFF
Securing Higher Grades Costing Your Pocket? Book Your Assignment at The Lowest Price Now!

Sustainable Supply Chain Management: Evolution And Future Directions

tag 352 Downloads5 Pages / 1,082 Words tag Add in library Click this icon and make it bookmark in your library to refer it later. GOT IT


Critically evaluate how a business can embed sustainability throughout its supply chain?




Organizations are increasingly under pressure by non-governmental organizations to operate in a sustainable manner (Wolf, 2014). Examples include campaigns against Nestle (anti-deforestation), Nike (child labour), Apple (sweatshop labour) and Mattel (toxic materials) (Wolf, 2014). Pressure from stakeholders hold an organization accountable for its actions and decisions regarding its product design, sourcing, production and distribution (Wolf, 2014; Parmigiani, et al., 2011). On the other hand, as argued by Shrivastava (1995, cited in Carter and Rogers, 2008), sustainability has benefits beyond addressing stakeholder pressures, with the potential to reduce long-terms risks associated with fluctuations of energy prices, management of pollution and waste as well as product liabilities.

Thus sustainability is not just a matter of being perceived as having good corporate social responsibility, but is also an essential pillar of smart management (Savitz & Weber, 2006). As argued by Kevin O’Marah (2007) in the Financial Times, supply chain management (SCM) has become the key to meeting the expectations of shareholders for strong profitability growth with minimum volatility, of regulators and the press for social and environmental responsibility, and of customers for delivering on promises made to them (Carter & Rogers, 2008).


Sustainable SCM (SSCM) is “the strategic, transparent integration and achievement of an organization’s social, environmental, and economic goals in the systemic coordination of key inter-organizational business processes for improving the long-term economic performance of the individual company and its supply chain.” SSCM helps managers identify strategies for an organization’s survival and success over long term horizons (e.g. up to 20 years and more) (Carter & Easton, 2011). Carter and Rogers (2008) suggest that sustainability initiatives and SSCM in particular are a necessity for long-term organizational success (Carter & Rogers, 2008; Carter & Easton, 2011). It may be referred to as a holistic perspective of the process of supply chain as well as the technologies that goes beyond delivery, cost and inventory. The theory is based on the products and services that are socially responsible involving practices that are environment-friendly.


There are many supply chain (SC) activities that permit an organization to simultaneously positively impact the environment and society as well as provide long-term economic benefits and competitive advantage to the organization (Carter & Rogers, 2008). These sustainable activities can potentially result in benefits such as (Carter & Rogers, 2008):

Cost savings due to reduced packaging waste and the ability to design for reuse and disassembly.

Reduced costs for health and safety, recruitment and employee turnover due to improved safety and working conditions.

Reduced labour costs due to increased employee motivation and productivity and reduced absenteeism.

Influence future government regulations, and thus potentially creating difficult to replicate competitive advantages, by proactively addressing environmental and social issues

Reduced costs, shorter lead times and improved product quality associated with application of standards (such as ISO 14000) that provide a framework for environmental management systems

Improved reputation with customers, suppliers, shareholders and potential employees.

Organizations and businesses seeking to implement SSCM can examine their value chain for areas in which social and environmental initiatives could have the greatest economic impact (Carter & Rogers, 2008; Porter & Kramer, 2006), including in-bound and out-bound logistics (e.g. packaging, disposal, transportation impacts), operations issues (e.g. emissions, energy use, hazardous materials, worker safety and human rights) and after sales service (e.g. reverse logistics, including disposal and disposition). Support activities within the value chain can also be the targets of SSCM initiatives (e.g. relationships with educational institutes to develop qualified supply chain managers; asking suppliers to  participate in initiatives; buying from and developing suppliers owned by racial minorities; joint planning with value chain partners to design for disassembly, reuse and recycling) (Carter & Rogers, 2008).

There are many examples of how an organization can apply and embed SSCM. Starbuck Coffees has partnered with farmers to grow high quality coffee in an ecologically sound manner, simultaneously stabilizing farmer wages and reducing purchasing cost by eliminating the middleman (Argenti, 2004, as cited in Carter & Rogers, 2008). General Mills implemented a vertically integrated closed-loop SC to ensure a consistent supply of recycled material, simultaneously reducing the packaging for its products (Carter & Rogers, 2008). Another example is Natura, a multinational of Brazilian origin operating in the cosmetics, toiletry and fragrance industry (Carvalho & Barbieri, 2012). Natura drives sustainable innovation by engaging it suppliers to reduce negative social and environmental impacts throughout product lifecycles (Carvalho & Barbieri, 2012). Natura adopted a supplier development strategy using outsourcing partnerships that reduces costs and environmental impacts by shortening transportation distances of products usually manufactured in Brazil; values important relationship concepts important to Natura, such as partnership and co-construction; and values organizations with local knowledge and good social and environmental practices (Carvalho & Barbieri, 2012). Natura Ekos products, for example, use technologies that reduce environmental impacts throughout the SC; use renewable raw materials whose origin can be traced to sources such as organic farming and sustainable forestation; and prioritize refills and packaging made of renewable or recycled material (Carvalho & Barbieri, 2012).


Sustainable business aims at driving better values and bringing improvements at the same time. Sustainability in supply chain means reduced packaging as well as energy efficiency amidst all others. Organizations collaborate internally as well as externally and essentially all employees need to identify it and be supportive of the desired sustainable goals. It is equally vital for suppliers to know what is expected of them from the environmental standpoint.



BITC, 2009. How to: manage your supply chains responsibly, London: BITC.

Carter, C. R. & Easton, P. L., 2011. Sustainable supply chain management: evolution and future directions. International Journal of Physical Distribution & Logistics Management, 41(1), pp. 46-62.

Carter, C. R. & Rogers, D. S., 2008. A framework of sustainable supply chain management: moving toward new theory. International Journal of Physical Distribution & Logistics Management, 38(5), pp. 360 - 387.

Carvalho, A. P. d. & Barbieri, J. C., 2012. Innovation and Sustainability in the Supply Chain of a Cosmetics Company: a Case Study. Journal of Technology Management & Innovation, 7(2).

Corbett, C. J. & Klassen, R. D., 2006. Extending the horizons: Environmental excellence as key to improving operations. Manufacturing & Service Operations Management, 8(11), p. 5–22.

Hoffman, A. & Bazerman, M., 2005. Changing environmental practice: understanding and overcoming the organizational and psychological barriers. Harvard Business School Working Paper, Issue 05-043.

O’Marah, K., 2007. Opinion: lessons from 25 supply chain leaders. Financial Times, 10 December.

Parmigiani, A., Klassen, R. D. & Russo, M. V., 2011. Efficiency meets accountability: Performance implications of supply chain configuration, control, and capabilities. Journal of Operations Management, 29(3), p. 212–223.

Download Sample

Get 100% money back after download, simply upload your unique content* of similar no. of pages or more. We verify your content and once successfully verified 100% value credited to your wallet within 7 days.

Upload Unique Document

Document Under Evaluation

Get Credits into Your Wallet

*The content must not be available online or in our existing Database to qualify as unique.

Cite This Work

To export a reference to this article please select a referencing stye below:

My Assignment Help. (2016). Sustainable Supply Chain Management: Evolution And Future Directions. Retrieved from

"Sustainable Supply Chain Management: Evolution And Future Directions." My Assignment Help, 2016,

My Assignment Help (2016) Sustainable Supply Chain Management: Evolution And Future Directions [Online]. Available from:
[Accessed 04 August 2020].

My Assignment Help. 'Sustainable Supply Chain Management: Evolution And Future Directions' (My Assignment Help, 2016) <> accessed 04 August 2020.

My Assignment Help. Sustainable Supply Chain Management: Evolution And Future Directions [Internet]. My Assignment Help. 2016 [cited 04 August 2020]. Available from: is one of the noted service providers that deliver essay help. We provide tailored essay assistance to make sure that student gets online essay help exactly in the way they want it to be written. We at have built teams of consultants, who readily attend every query related to help me writing my essay. We provide essay writing help in forms of tips and steps in order o assist students with tough essay assignments.

Latest Management Samples

BUS5SBF Statistics For Business And Finance For Household Heads

Download : 0 | Pages : 4
  • Course Code: BUS5SBF
  • University: La Trobe University
  • Country: Australia

Answer: A simple random sample of size 250 was drawn with random seed being 2104. Each population member has an equal chance of being selected in the simple random sampling process. It entails each data point to be assigned a probability of inclusion in the sample. Thus, due to its probabilistic nature, characteristics such as gender and education and even sampling error could be objectively studied and quantified. It gives equal probability of ...

Read More arrow

NSG2NMR Nursing Clinical Issue For Overall Lifestyle Habits

Download : 0 | Pages : 9
  • Course Code: NSG2NMR
  • University: La Trobe University
  • Country: Australia

Answer: Obesity in Toddlers Obesity in very young children is a common health issue. It occurs when the toddler`s BMI (height and weight ratio) is above the child`s age. Many factors have been linked with obesity in toddlers, including genetics, overall lifestyle habits, and inadequate body exercises among other contributing factors. The health effects of toddler obesity are similar to those in adults. Short term risks of toddler obesity inclu...

Read More arrow

ECOM4000 Economics For The Production Of Goods And Services

Download : 0 | Pages : 6

Answer: In terms of the conceptual framework of economics, the term “Economies of Scale” refers to the cost advantage, which the production firms enjoy with increase in their scale of operations. in general, there are two types of costs incurred by a firm in its production process, the fixed cost and the variable cost of production. With increase in the production of goods and services, the per unit input costs of the production goes...

Read More arrow

BN104 Memory Management For Fragmentation And Memory Mapping

Download : 0 | Pages : 4

Answer: BQ1 Memory Management Paging The starting address of frame 1 is 1025 and the end address of frame 1 is 2048. Yes No, because Frame 3 is kept free. Page 3, 6, and 7 are not loaded in memory. The paging system works by bringing the page from the secondary memory to main memory. CPU generates logical address for the secondary memory. These address are changed to physical address for finding the data in the main memory [4]. When pro...

Read More arrow

BTM-8107 Statistics For Parametric And Non-Parametric Test

Download : 0 | Pages : 4
  • Course Code: BTM-8107
  • University: Northcentral University
  • Country: United States

Answer: The choice to select the type of test is dependent on the distribution of data. Parametric test is used when the sample data is normally distributed. Non-parametric test is used when we are unsure about the distribution of the data. The presence of outliers does not affect the outcome of non-parametric tests. The outcome of non-parametric test is a score or ranking of the data sample. Moreover, a non-parametric test provides a ranking of...

Read More arrow

Save Time & improve Grade

Just share Requriment and get customize Solution.

We will use e-mail only for:

arrow Communication regarding your orders

arrow To send you invoices, and other billing info

arrow To provide you with information of offers and other benefits




Overall Rating



Our Amazing Features


On Time Delivery

Our writers make sure that all orders are submitted, prior to the deadline.


Plagiarism Free Work

Using reliable plagiarism detection software, only provide customized 100 percent original papers.


24 X 7 Live Help

Feel free to contact our assignment writing services any time via phone, email or live chat.


Services For All Subjects

Our writers can provide you professional writing assistance on any subject at any level.


Best Price Guarantee

Our best price guarantee ensures that the features we offer cannot be matched by any of the competitors.

Our Experts

Assignment writing guide
student rating student rating student rating student rating student rating 4/5

3076 Order Completed

99% Response Time

Emily Wei

Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D) in Civil Engineering

Singapore, Singapore

Hire Me
Assignment writing guide
student rating student rating student rating student rating student rating 5/5

2279 Order Completed

97% Response Time

Zachary Perez

PhD in Computer Science and Information System

Washington, United States

Hire Me
Assignment writing guide
student rating student rating student rating student rating student rating 4/5

1309 Order Completed

100% Response Time

Gemmie Chen

MSc in Nursing

Singapore, Singapore

Hire Me
Assignment writing guide
student rating student rating student rating student rating student rating 5/5

154 Order Completed

97% Response Time

Harold Alderete

PhD in Economics

London, United Kingdom

Hire Me

FREE Tools


Plagiarism Checker

Get all your documents checked for plagiarism or duplicacy with us.


Essay Typer

Get different kinds of essays typed in minutes with clicks.


GPA Calculator

Calculate your semester grades and cumulative GPa with our GPA Calculator.


Chemical Equation Balancer

Balance any chemical equation in minutes just by entering the formula.


Word Counter & Page Calculator

Calculate the number of words and number of pages of all your academic documents.

Refer Just 5 Friends to Earn More than $2000

Check your estimated earning as per your ability




Your Approx Earning

Live Review

Our Mission Client Satisfaction

Awesome work. Awesome response time. Very thorough & clear. Love the results I get with MAH!


User Id: 383727 - 31 Jul 2020


student rating student rating student rating student rating student rating

Work was done in a timely manner took it through grammarly checked for plagiarism very well satisfied


User Id: 463334 - 31 Jul 2020


student rating student rating student rating student rating student rating

Great work for the short notice given. Thank you for never disappointing and helping out.


User Id: 194216 - 31 Jul 2020


student rating student rating student rating student rating student rating

I received a full point on the assignment. Thank you for all the help with the assignment.


User Id: 411395 - 31 Jul 2020


student rating student rating student rating student rating student rating
callback request mobile
Have any Query?