This report is on the planning and execution programme of a social worker for the theory of life-cycle development of a children taking into consideration the trauma and the attachment factor in their lives for engaging them in assessments with their families (Reed, 2016). The lead role of this report is played by the Askin family who is suffering due to a decision that changed their lives. The Askin family is seen to be in trouble after one of the person in their family left them and this effected mostly on the elder child Justin’s behaviour and turned him to be an aggressive child and his attitude is getting worse as he is getting older. This report discusses the various behavioural aspects of the individuals of the Askin family and depicts the impact of trauma in the lives of the individuals as well as the engagement of the individuals in the rearing up of children. The report is also on the result of one life changing decisions in a person’s life and how the person is able to deal with it. This report discusses the concepts required for developing the engagement within the family members of a family ((Burman, 2016).
Overview of the Concepts:
The worker followed four major concepts for the process of developing engagement among the family members (Hepworth et al., 2016).
Social and Conservational:
The family is settled in a good place of the town after Fred, Gill’s husband and father of Justin, Hannah and Philip left them to stay with Susie, the new partner of Fred. However they still did not have any settlement regarding the property matters and Gill seems to be afraid because she is not financially stabled and due to which she might face problems at the time of property dealings. The social support that the family is getting is very comfortable one and the environment seems to be very proper and wide and has no hardness for a woman left out by her husband by the society or family instead they are all worried about the changing behaviour of Justin (Beker & Maier, 2014).
The family denoted that they do not have much problems in health still it is actually found that everyone in the family is suffering from some sort of illness. Justin is overweight and also has problem of understanding things, Hannah has asthma though the family claimed her concern about it and Philip has eyesight problem. The list does not end here because the mother of the children Gill is suffering from depression and their Aunt Sarah is suffering from breast cancer. This concept is discussed by the worker to know the exact health conditions of the family before engaging them in the developmental process (Burman, 2016).
Parenting is an important factor for life of every human being (Duncan & Goddard, 2016). Here the main problem starts with the parenting of Justin who had to manage in child care or with his grandparents after his birth because his parents went working and thought that is the best thing for the child and this insufficient love from parents as well as the absence of parents made him upset since he was a kid and that grief increased when his father left the family and his mother forbade the visit of the father and the children. The other two children are not much affected with the absence of their father because after their birth they got the love of their parents.
Culture and Communal Connections:
Gill’s family were regular church visitor and she was brought up as Christian Protestant but Fred’s family had no involvement in Church. The family members believe that the problems are due to the breaking of those promises taken during the marriage and they also believe that only values play the vital role in keeping the family together (Frederico et al., 2017). The involvement of the kids in the community is also settled and no one seems to have any problem in accepting the family. Only Gill seemed to have no interest on being social and wanted to take care of her parents as they will need proper care during old age. Even Fred seemed to be more social after the separation hence this concept is fully justified by the Askin family.
The two main theories that are adapted by the worker for measuring the engagement of the family members in the development of a child are parenting and cultural & communal concept. Justin has a change of behaviour and has understanding problem since he was a kid. By discussing with the help of the two theories the necessity of development of a child can be sorted along with the need of engagement to help the child get over the trauma (Teater, 2014).
At time, when a child needs the care and love of both the parents, Justin was left out to his grandparents and to childcare because his parents were busy building their own career and this effected a lot on Justin’s life and his point of view for life (Hughes, 2017). Again, when his father left them he was the most upset among all and at this time his mother was also shattered and did not allow their father to visit the kids and this changed the entire thinking angle of Justin and while the session with the worker took place he even expressed his anger and hatred towards his mother for not letting him visit his father. Every child needs proper love and care from his parents while growing up and this is missing in Justin’s life. He wants to get both his parents. As the childhood of Justin passed without the proper parenting, he is having problem in his life because whether grandparents are present there is still a need of a complete family that has a good impact in the minds of children. Parenting is the strongest pillar in every child’s life and the reason behind Justin’s improperness is the lack of love and care in his life and also the absence of his father whom he loves the most (Smith, Cowie & Blades, 2015). Justin behaves unnaturally also because he is angry with his mother for not allowing him to see his father but he is not angry with his father for leaving them because his father loves him more than everyone. Justin missed his parents when he needed them the most and was detached from his father, this affected him. The worker choose to discuss these theory regrading the development of child is because the worker wanted to know the labour of the parents in the upbringing of Justin and that is found to be very less (Burman, 2016).
Social and Communal Concept:
The session between the worker and Justin clearly states that society is also responsible for his changed behaviour. The reason is that the other student amuses him and the teacher’s decline to take his complaint as they think Justin was the first to collide with them. According to Justin, the teachers do not trust him. Justin has a bad effect by the society around him because he is a child who had missed his parents since birth and the people around him needs to interact with him in a more wider way for him to get better (Cicchetti, 2016). The community plays a major role in the life development of a child because a child always has the power to adapt things faster and hence the worker uses the social concept to determine the role of the society in the growth of Justin. The society in the case study does not imply to be helpful towards Justin and no one in the family seems to understand the reason behind his unnatural behaviour. The community accepted the family without any objection and they are an active part of the community and the family also behaves socially except Justin who is determined that everyone treats him badly except his father and they do not understand him. For the development of the child the role of the society and community is very important, the worker found out that as Justin is immature even society amuses him for being like that and he suffers from the fear that everyone around him hates him except his father (Connolly & Harms, 2015).
The above discussion is on the theory of development of a child and the role of worker in staging the levels through which the development can be measured and in the case study of the Askin family is it clearly seen that the result of development of Justin is very less as his parents did not have an efficient role in his upbringing and he hates his mother for making him stay away from his father. The only reason Justin does not hate his father is that his father takes him to movies and anywhere else he wants and Justin thinks everyone in the family hates him but that is not true because they try to know the reason behind his unnatural behaviour and this makes him think that they do not care for him. The truth is that Justin misses love and care and his father gives him the love that he wants and his mother even after loving him tries to make him behave properly which makes him angrier (Hughes, D. A. (2017). Thus it can be concluded that for the development of a child the parents play the vital role and then it is the society who helps the individual to grow (Shaffer & Kipp, 2013).
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