Discuss about the Teaching and Education for Human Development.
Humanity is at a crossroads. Humankind or mankind refers to the human race collectively which is different from beasts as human beings have the ability to think, reason and reflect. These factors help the human beings to strive, invent and compete in the challenging world. This paper lays emphasis on changes in technologies, social values and cultures and its impact on humankind. The technology is changing at an exponential rate with greater inventions and amazing discoveries. Technology is driving innovations in all fields and things are getting increasingly computer-controlled (Finlay-de Monchy 2015). Not only technology, but the social change is also accelerating in the modern world. Cultural change is also accelerating at a fast pace. The terms social and cultural changes may seem similar, but social changes refer to changes in actual human behaviour. Cultural change refers to culturally meaningful symbols produced by human beings. These three factors are interrelated and have a significant impact on the humankind (Finlay-de Monchy 2015).
The technological changes are occurring due to the necessity of inventions. New advances are made everyday based on several parameters such as communication, population, war and other aspects. The technology is also influenced by human relationships, views on matter, morality, entertainment and our own nature. With the technological advances, the world is becoming the age of automation and doing things on own. The advancements have also shown significant advancement in growth in every field such as devices, astronomy, automobiles, electronic devices and many more. Technology will enable diverse cultures to collaborate more efficiently, in every sphere. It will bring people and organizations together, closer. The human life is mainly dependent on technology (Decker and Ladikas 2013).
The technological shift is affected by the change in social values. The world is moving from an agrarian to industrial society. The people are demanding high per capita income and high ability to purchase goods and services. The people want to live a comfortable life for which innovations are necessary to make. The urbanization trend is increasingly getting popular as the large populations living in rural areas are shifting to the urban areas. The urban populations have weaker social attachments and are greatly diversified. The people are also independent in nature. The social trends are also changing as there is competition for resources and ethnic tensions. The positive outcomes result in welfare enhancement, solidarity and increasing safety. However, these social changes are also causing inequality and violence (Henry and Stephens 2013).
No culture is static. They change through time. However, most cultures are conservative in nature thereby resisting change. There are three main aspects or factors of cultural change. Firstly, contact between two societies changes the process of acculturation and cultural diffusion. Secondly, technological evolution also changes the culture. The changes in means of transportation, communication and production also form a part of technological evolution. The human beings of one society may often be confronted by customs that are different from others. The new customs may be adopted by people if it is socially desirable or do not clash with existing values and practices (Hamel and Prahalad 2013).
Future of Mankind
The technological, social and cultural changes are interrelated with each other. Change in one factor affects the other two factors thereby affecting future of humankind. It is evident that the growing technological powers are not only changing the world around us, but us too. A few forms of human enhancement are already seen regularly such as wakefulness, psychotropic mood drugs, cosmetic surgery, drugs for sexual performance and alertness enhancers (Berger 2014). The innovations and changes shall keep increasing in the future. The scientists are working on creating super intelligent machines due to the shift in social and cultural trends. The information technology is increasing exponentially. The world is gradually conquering the diseases and poverty but it is also conquering over social relationships such as love, beauty, wisdom, truth and peace (Berger 2014).
The advances in nanotechnology, robotics and genetics are a threat to human survival. Bad things are happening around and causing destruction in the biosphere to the human beings. Bioterrorism is a direct threat to human survival. The society is shifting its focus for collaboration. The technologies have enabled communication on a large scale. The space research and the launching of the satellites for communication purposes have further added to these developments (Gore 2013). They have helped the people belonging to different corners of the nation or the world to have regular contacts. With the rapid technological advancement, the problem of unemployment is increasing. The technologies are automating everything around and the self-service culture is activated. These changes are taking away the jobs of men leading to technological unemployment. The institutions of family, religion, morality, marriage, state, property have been altered. The family organization is also changing as the modern technology is radically changing trends. The instances of divorce, separation and desertion are increasing. Technology is stressing relations between men and women at home. The religious views are losing its hold over the members and the people are becoming more secular. The inventions and innovations are also strengthening nationalism. Human relations are impersonalized as the modern governments rule through bureaucracy (Herrera et al. 2016).
There is direct relationship between internet and rising social autonomy. Internet is a significant technology in this age. The entire humankind is connected through wireless communications with great levels of efficiency and price. The increased use of internet is increasing the risk of isolation, withdrawal from society and alienation from society. However, it is further argued that internet is also connecting people together thereby increasing civic engagement, sociability, intensity of friendship and family relationships at all cultural levels (Cook 2016). The people are spending greater time on social networking sites thereby affecting human relations. The social networking sites are the preferred platforms for both personal and business purposes as there is connectivity on multiple dimensions. The digital communication feeds the fantasies and fears of the society barely understood. The virtual life is more social than the physical life, now individualized by the organization of work and urban living (Galvin, Braithwaite and Bylund 2015).
The power relations are increasingly shaping and becoming decisive in the communication field. The social change process has altered from mass communication to self communication. The people get impatient if their morning newspapers take time to download or we expect someone to call. Technology is making the human beings bust that we cannot even find time to spend time with our dear ones (Fruchterman 2013).
Needless to say that technological development is like a double edged sword that can protect or even kill someone. The technological, social and cultural changes need to be put to best of use for saving the future of mankind. The technological advancements shall continue to increase. It is important to ensure that it benefits the society as a whole. The technology is also influenced by human relationships, views on matter, morality, entertainment and our own nature. The human life is mainly dependent on technology. The world is moving from an agrarian to industrial society. The positive outcomes result in welfare enhancement, solidarity and increasing safety. However, these social changes are also causing inequality and violence. The new customs may be adopted by people if it is socially desirable or do not clash with existing values and practices. The technological, social and cultural changes are interrelated with each other. The world is gradually conquering the diseases and poverty but it is also conquering over social relationships such as love, beauty, wisdom, truth and peace.
Berger, L., 2014. Human Development, Language and the Future of Mankind: The Madness of Culture. London: Springer.
Cook, J., 2016. Young adults’ hopes for the long-term future: from re-enchantment with technology to faith in humanity. Journal of Youth Studies,19(4), pp.517-532.
Decker, M. and Ladikas, M. eds., 2013. Bridges Between Science, Society and Policy: Technology Assessment-Methods and Impacts (Vol. 22). London: Springer Science & Business Media.
Finlay-de Monchy, M., 2015. Powermatics: A discursive critique of new communications technology (Vol. 5). New York: Routledge.
Fruchterman, J., 2013. Technology serving humanity. In Creating Good Work(pp. 143-150). New York: Palgrave Macmillan US.
Galvin, K.M., Braithwaite, D.O. and Bylund, C.L., 2015. Family communication: Cohesion and change. New York: Routledge.
Gore, A., 2013. The future (p. 592). New York: Random House.
Hamel, G. and Prahalad, C.K., 2013. Competing for the Future. London: Harvard Business Press.
Henry, J.P. and Stephens, P.M., 2013. Stress, health, and the social environment: A sociobiologic approach to medicine. London: Springer Science & Business Media.
Herrera, R.J., Garcia-Bertrand, R. and Salzano, F.M., 2016. Genomes, Evolution, and Culture: Past, Present, and Future of Humankind. New Jersey: John Wiley & Sons.