In Jesus we are saved'. Critically evaluate one of the following theologies of salvation: atonement or divinization or tranformation. You will need to state the theology clearly, set it within its context - Theological, historical, sociological- and show its relevance to the understanding of salvation in the current environment.
The Son of God and Salvation
Jesus is also often called the Son of God. He has come to save the mankind and deliver salvation to the world. His purpose was to deliver the mankind from their sins and save them from utter ruination. That is the reason he came to this world. Apostle John had a long writing about the process of salvation and how the people of this world are the Supreme Lord’s own people. “These things have I written unto you that believe on the name of the Son of God: that ye may know that ye have eternal life and that ye may believe on the name of the Son of God” (1 John 5:13). Therefore it can be stated that Jesus Christ, the person who is the own Son of God was the own son of God and that he is the one who could deliver the human kind from the wrath of sins. Sins are instrument of the Satan to ensure that people are not delivered and they cannot achieve salvation.
Christology is the study within the field of Christian theology and the study regarding Christ. The various description of the life and times of Christ that is described in the accounts of the various Apostle and the epistles of the New Testament and the epistles of the New Testament and the epistles of the New Testament and the various canonical Gospels. The study of Christology mainly relates to the teaching, life and times of Jesus Christ. The primary source of the life and times of Christ can be found from the immediate sources composed by the various followers and immediate successors of Christ. In Christology it is taught that all the religions of the Earth are having similarity with the teachings of Christ.
At the specific heart of the framework of Christianity rests the immeasurably essential regulation of the Atonement. Paul, The Apostle who was himself a promoter of "sound principle," in a consolidated articulation of what the Christian Catholic Church accepts, stated, “For I conveyed unto you as a matter of first importance that which I likewise got, how that Jesus passed on for our transgressions as indicated by the holy books; And that He was covered, and that He climbed again the third day as per the Scriptures (I Corinthians 15:3, 4).
In spite of the fact that the Gospel as indicated by Paul incorporated an immaculate and a substantially restored Christ, he gives ahead of all comers to the basic reality that "Christ died for our transgressions." notwithstanding the way that some religious pioneers protest vivaciously to the Doctrine and theology of the Atonement, apart from that the Death of Jesus Christ was conciliatory and essential for man's reclamation, we continue on a sound scriptural premise to seek after this incredible subject.
The first form and usage of the term Atonement. It is used only one time in the New Testament (Romans 5:11) and in this instant it is translated as "reconciliation" in the version that is revised. It is not totally whimsical to prescribe the likelihood of atonement in light of the fact that the term “atonement” is used to allude to the giving penance passing of Christ through which the heathen is accommodated to God, reestablished to His help. Atonement appears just once in the New Testament (Romans 5:11) where it is interpreted "reconciliation" in the Revised Version.
The Study of Christology
To make up for resources to show appropriate reparations. In the Holy Scriptures atonement is related with man's bad behavior. God guided Israel to set aside one day consistently, the tenth day of the seventh month, which He called "the day of atonement" (Leviticus 16:29-30; 23:27-28). The general population were to bring a bad behavior offering, a legit creature forfeit "whose blood was acquired to make atonement" (Leviticus 16:27). God had stated, "For the life of the tissue is in the blood: and I have offered it to you upon the sacrificial table to make an atonement for your spirits: for the blood maketh an atonement for the soul" (Leviticus 17:11) "… what's more, without shedding of blood is no reduction" (Hebrews 9:22).
In this examination offered here plan to the scriptural indicating how the destruction of Christ and the losing of His blood compensates for man's bad behavior. In the wake of going into a thought of this sublime subject, it might be well to help ourselves that the Death to remember Jesus Christ on the Cross at Calvary is a real conviction. Several books that are generally about forecast identified with the life and the death of Christ. They tend to leave the psyche in the unsafe condition of amazing dream and lovely inventive limit. Regardless, "solid course" directs substances and not story. In the books of New Testament just, individuals find for all intents and purposes in excess of 2 hundred references to Death of the Christ. Despite the manner in which that different analysts have vacillated on the importance of the Cross, reality of the Death of the Lord has been perceived ever of Church. A few scientists are direct to perceive reality of Death of Jesus Christ, and in like manner as abrupt to express that they claim no procedure for considering, no idea, no resolution of the Atonement.
Christians expect that men are recovered, recouped, suited to God, supported, absolved, got a handle on, not by the Principle of the Atonement, but rather by the idea of Atonement itself, by the conciliating and substitution going of our Lord Jesus Christ.
The New Testament utilizes a degree of pictures to delineate how the Supreme Lord achieved compromise to the world by the death of Jesus. The most outstanding is the photograph of give up. For instance, John the Baptist delineates Jesus as "the sheep of God that takes away the awful practices of the world". (John 1:29)
In attempting a light of the Atonement, this is noteworthy that people know something of what enlivened the Christ's death. The probability that the Lord kicked the can as a weak sacred individual is no place instructed in the Bible. The general population who have no understanding or valuation for Jesus Christ's work for the world, need to find in like way, the matter of the impact and nature of awful conduct in all men. Different Holy books impart clearly that the Atonement of Christ is a settlement of human lewdness, with the target that awful conduct is the thing that arranged the Atonement as vital. Christ wound up demonstrate all together that He should pass on for human sin. Despite whether the Son of God who is Jesus himself would have wound up being epitomized if human had not trespassed, individuals haven't the faintest thought, nor do they want to ponder. It is tasteful for us to comprehend that it was shamelessness which set up the Cross an irrefutable essential in the comprehension of Jesus the Son of God.
The Importance of Atonement
Notwithstanding the veering off instructing of the art of Christianity, the closeness of awful conduct on the planet is an apparent certainty. The Bible uncovers and features sin's authentic nature and order. As far back as the defiance of Adam, the entire race of mankind has screeched under the shocking weight and extraordinary control of awful conduct. The understandings of well ordered life state that there is an essential issue with man. Before long God isn't to be condemned for the disagreeable beastliness on the planet. He on a very basic level made man a free head, and man has abused his focal points.Right when Griffith Roberts was Dean of Bangor, he expressed, "It was better for Adam that his hands were permitted to take the precluded natural item, than that he should have been obliged to approach every one of the seasons of his reality with his circumstance is definitely not confident notwithstanding his great confidence. “One of the God's magnificent benedictions to man is freedom, and sin went into the earth when man mauled his advantage of chance.”
The issue of devilishness has associated with the thought of discerning people for a long time. And with each war, starvation, pandemic of ailment, mind blowing life loss, has the request, "If there is a God of friendship and kindness, for what reason does He permit so much human continuing?" Let individuals have no hard opinions about the Supreme Lord in regards to the issue of transgression and its running with trouble and persevering. In Holy Books and Scripture Satan is seemed, by all accounts, to be the purpose behind savagery and its continuation in the earth. The battling against deviousness isn't with delicate living animal and blood yet against domains and authorities, in contradiction to the spirit hosts of fiendishness in the spirit world (Ephesians 6:12). The ethics and great verdicts of us individuals exhibit that man is underneath the supervision of an abominable power.
Atonement in its essential, religious sense is done all the time within the sight of a clerical figure who conciliates an insulted divinity in the interest of the guilty party. The High Priest in antiquated Judaism and Christ in Christianity are models. Christianity separates itself from different societies and religions in that it has Christ executed vicariously as an extreme forfeit for our atonement with God, while different societies and religions don't have their particular consecrated figures slaughtered vicariously as penances. Christianity is additionally one of a kind since it generally shows the requirement for the human blood of Christ, while different religions and societies (with the exception of those old societies which rehearsed human penances) have a tendency to have milder types of appeasement, for example, apology and at most creature penances.
In the New Testament the association and relation of the atonement with various rituals such as incense offering, animal sacrifice and paying of cash has been discontinued which was previously there in the Old Testament. The new practices were mostly related to the person of Jesus Christ and his life, death and resurrection. It is quite fair to say that the process of atonement. The process of getting away from the sinful activities has been simplified in the Christian religion in a devotional and God loving way rather than based on some religious ritualistic principles. In the Old Testament when Jesus was still not present on the face of the earth to guide the people and take them ahead in a spiritual journey, there were instances of bloodshed, and other rituals that needed to be performed so that the freedom from the sinful reactions could be achieved. The process has been made simpler with the advent of Jesus Christ and when finally the system of atonement was simplified.
The earliest source in the apostolic preaching and the related dimension is Paul who had given valuable information about the life and times of Jesus Christ. He had stated, "For I delivered to you as of first importance what I also received, that Christ died for our sins in accordance with the scriptures" (1 Cor. 15:3). Paul had envisioned the image of Jesus Christ as the as the one who had achieved victory over the aspects like sin, rage, the evil spirits, and demise, and furthermore utilized the illustration of the law court. For Paul the atoning demise and resurrection went past the only human dimensions of salvation to include the universe of spirits and of nature itself in its groaning and travail (Rom. 8:19– 23).
Paul grasped the ethical dilemma in all pondered the Atonement: How can a God of holiness and righteousness acknowledge sinners without either destroying his holiness or sentimentalizing his adoration by an immoral indifference to evil. As a former Pharisee, Paul normally utilized legitimate dialect to describe faith in Christ. He utilized the dialect of the law court provisionally, just to introduce the phrases in the process of effortlessness: God does not ultimately, in Christ, manage humanity along the lines of retributive justice, which a human judge is obliged by pledge to dispense. The revelation of God's righteousness "has been manifested separated from law" (Rom. 3:21).
Cavanagh, Lorraine. Making Sense of God's Love: Atonement and redemption. Vol. 2. SPCK, 2012.
Downs, David J. Alms: Charity, Reward, and Atonement in Early Christianity. Baylor University Press, 2016.
Eberhart, Christian A. The Sacrifice of Jesus: Understanding Atonement Biblically. Wipf and Stock Publishers, 2018.
Kirwan, Michael, and Sheelah Treflé Hidden, eds. Mimesis and Atonement: René Girard and the Doctrine of Salvation. Bloomsbury Publishing USA, 2016.
Mann, Alan. Atonement for a Sinless Society. Wipf and Stock Publishers, 2015.
Parker, Kelly A. "Atonement and Eidetic Extinction." Josiah Royce for the Twenty-First Century (2012): 213-223.
Pugh, Ben. Atonement Theories: A Way through the Maze. Wipf and Stock Publishers, 2014.
Terry, Justyn. "The forgiveness of Sins and the Work of Christ: a Case for Substitutionary Atonement." Anglican Theological Review 95, no. 1 (2013): 9-24.
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