The report will discuss in detail about the failure of the IT projects and reasons behind it along with two examples where the project failed miserably. All kinds of companies perform two types of work in which one are based on operations and other is based on projects and because of the repetitive quality of operation, it can be convenient to systematically organize the processes (An et al., 2014). At the same time, since there is fixed start and end dates to the project, it becomes unique and also consists of different kinds of team players. It is also more challenging to properly systematize and also grow right kinds of methods and procedures.
The organization made some amazing plans to make a single electronic healthcare record structure for every citizen of the country. The main aim was to provide services to forty thousand GPs and be available in as many hospitals as possible. This is why, the project is considered as one of the biggest projects in IT (Hussain et al., 2016). However, it is important to understand that rate of failure in IT industry is very high and since the project is one of the largest, it was obvious that it was conducted with lot of risk as well as there were issues as well. It is also important to note the project was funded by taxpayer and it led to high chances of failure and the case become more popular.
The project initiated with big plans which were too grand for them to handle and they started with rapidly. Also it was astronomical by size and it is always very challenging to finish it in successful manner. As per the facts, the project aims to serve almost forty thousand GPs and cover more than three hundred hospitals and further claimed to be one of the biggest projects in civil IT (Hussain et al., 2016). In addition, it all came down to central core where the EHR facility was elaborated one of the significant reason of huge IT project fail. The overall system which was provided through EHRs was initiated by designing by huge team in central and further intended as complete and huge replacement for so many HER systems. In addition it will be better to base the work on the evolutionary kinds of acquisition which means it is important to mention, execute and also deploy along with right evaluation a sequence of finished IT systems. It is also a process that must be control by the associated stakeholders who are involved in the project. The authority should also be left from starting with all the hospitals and other normal practitioners and their trust to get systems in IT that is perfect for the number of priorities and environment. There must also be some kind adherence to reduced constraints or limitations and also use some services located centrally (Srivastava et al., 2016).
Star Wars program of US Reagen based administration: the cost of the project was around thirty billion USD which is equal to expenditure of around sixty to hundred billion USD in the year 2013. The initiative was also called as strategic defense initiative or SDI. In addition, it is also proposed to utilize some weapons at ground level and also exist in space in order to shoot it down the incoming missiles coming from Soviet Union (Srivastava et al., 2016). The project was almost impossible to execute by just using the technology at that time. Also it is also crucial to develop the required technology that will be needed almost ten year ago of efforts. Also, at this time, Soviet Union was non-existent and the project never developed completely however, in today’s time, it exist on defense agency and the main aims is on the short term anti-ballistics. Following are some reasons for its failure in US military projects: -
The investment was very risky since the project of the military is commonly elaborated with a lot of military upside that has the power to balance the low chances of achieving any success (García-Quevedo et al., 2016).
The project aimed at spending more money than some brains to actually implement it properly. In this project the expenditure becomes an end.
Number of authors and researchers also claims that Soviet Union bankrupted since the whole efforts was after keeping align with USA. The R&D projects of US are quite ambitious and Soviet Union tried to follow the same strategy. this is why, the Star Wars series was one of the most unrealistic projects by the military of US which was expected to fail however still accomplish some success in indirect manner (Almgren, 2014).
It is important to understand that many projects that did not finished on estimated time or were over budget or the scope varied over a period of time are more prone to failure. There are number of many issues or failures that can actually take the project down as disused in the report (Albliwi et al., 2014). The main aim of the essay was to understand some basic reasons for failure since many teams in project are based on at least three kinds of players that also include management at executive level or managers involved in projects as well as the team members or other kind of resources. All such issues are discussed in the essay along with two real time failure of big IT projects and the reasons behind it (Creasy, 2017).
An, J., Quercia, D. and Crowcroft, J., 2014, April. Recommending investors for crowdfunding projects. In Proceedings of the 23rd international conference on World wide web (pp. 261-270). ACM.
Kaur, R. and Sengupta, J., 2013. Software process models and analysis on failure of software development projects. arXiv preprint arXiv:1306.1068.
Jørgensen, M., 2014. Failure factors of small software projects at a global outsourcing marketplace. Journal of systems and software, 92, pp.157-169.
Sweis, R., 2015. An Investigation of Failure in Information Systems Projects: The Case of Jordan. Journal of Management Research, 7(1), pp.173-185.
Hussain, A., Mkpojiogu, E.O. and Kamal, F.M., 2016. The Role of Requirements in the Success or Failure of Software Projects. International Review of Management and Marketing, 6(7S).
Srivastava, S.K., Prasad, P. and Varma, S.P., 2016. Evolving predictor variable estimation model for Web engineering projects. Covenant Journal of Informatics and Communication Technology, 2(1).
García-Quevedo, J., Segarra-Blasco, A. and Teruel, M., 2016. Financial constraints and the failure of innovation projects.
Almgren, K., 2014. Information technology project management processes and practices: A comprehensive study for successful implementation of IT projects. International Journal of Business and Social Science, 5(11).
Albliwi, S., Antony, J., Abdul Halim Lim, S. and van der Wiele, T., 2014. Critical failure factors of Lean Six Sigma: a systematic literature review. International Journal of Quality & Reliability Management, 31(9), pp.1012-1030.
Creasy, T., 2017. SUBJECT TO REVIEW: Factors that lead to success or failure in healthcare projects. Quality Progress, 50(2), p.24.
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