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The Issue Of Protecting The Destination Through The Green-Tourism

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Question:

Discuss about the International Tourism and Hotel Management ?
 
 

Answer:

Introducation

The article is about the Australia’s Great Barrier Reef that is one of the Seven Wonders of the World. The author says that the Great Barrier Reef is one of the tourist attraction destinations in the world that receives about 2 million visitors from around the world each year. The author reports on a novel scheme fashioned to lower the effect of tourism on the global most extensive reef system. Bruce underscores sin his article the fact that the 2 300 kilometer length reef attract tourists that visit the different islands. The article gives the initiatives that have been taken to the destination because of the tourism sector to ensure that it is protected to increase the number of visitors (Brace 2003, pp. 98).

 The article says that chemicals are polluting the water and plagues of crown-of-thorns starfish that has damaged about 20 percent of the individual reefs. This has sparked new initiatives to protect the reef through the green-tourism campaign. This implies that tourism has enabled the campaign that is seen to protect the reef to attract more tourists in the future. The author says that the tour firms are vetted to continue protecting the place. This has seen the destination increase the number of the visitors coming to the destination and increased profits. It is projected that the reef brings about A $ 1 billion annually. This has encouraged the management to practice sustainable tourism as the environmental concerns.

The issue of protecting the destination through the green-tourism campaign and other initiatives is designed to eliminate the negative impact of tourism on the location. The location is one of the leading tourist destinations around the world and needs to be protected to increase the number of tourists. The article says that the cause assisted by a novel set of guidelines to assist tour operators to locate diving platforms that will cause less environmental damage and a new atlas of waves. The atlas maps will help tour operators to get information regarding waves encountered on the reef during cyclones, and look for appropriate sites for pontoons.

The green-tourism campaign and other initiatives on the destination will help to conserve the Great Barrier Reef to continue attracting more tourists. These initiatives are important in ensuring that tourists enjoy the best when they visit the destination.  This is a great article that has sufficient information on the impact of activities in the GBR on the tourism sector.

Kragt, M. E., P. C. Roebeling, & A. Ruijs. 2009. “Effects of Great Barrier Reef degradation on   recreational reef-trip demand: a contingent behaviour approach”, Australian Journal Agricultural and Resource Economics, 53:213-229.

 


The article talks about the Great Barrier Reef, which is the global biggest coral reef ecosystem which is globally known for its aesthetic beauty. The authors underscore the reality the destination serves as a great ecological destination for many industries that operates in this area of which tourism industry is the most significant. The information provided in the article revolves around the impact of tourism on the destination brought about by the Great Barrier Reef. Furthermore, the authors give the benefits accrued from the coral reefs that come with the tourism industry every year.

The article begins by stressing the magnitude of the Great Barrier Reef being the largest coral reef ecosystem popular for its aesthetic beauty. The authors say that the destination is of great importance for the tourism industry because of the benefits that it comes with which include economic significance. The authors say that the destination attracts more than 1.6 million guests annually and tourism sector offers more employment that any other industry in the Great Barrier Reef destination. However, the article stresses that the degradation of the coral reefs because of the sediments brought by increased agricultural activity in the region negatively affects the profits from tourists. The authors try to estimate to what degree a decrease in the quality of the Great Barrier Reef impacts the demand for recreational trips by tourists to the area. The other information in the article is the relationship between the incomes and reef-tourism industry. This implies that the authors attempt to find the effect of revenues on reef-tourism that will lead to improved development of effective management policies in the destination to increase the number of tourists (Kragt et al, 2009).

The key ideas of the article clearly relate to the Great Barrier Reef because it attempts to explore the relationship between the effect of degradation of the coral reefs and the income on the tourism industry. This implies that the authors believe that the degradation will likely to affect negatively the quality of coral reefs that will affect the incomes from the industry.

The continued degradation of the coral reefs because of the increased agricultural activities in the area is likely to affect negatively the quality of these corals. This, in turn, will reduce the number of the tourists visiting the destination as it is no longer appealing to them. Consequently, this will reduce the employment and incomes that come with tourist (Kragt et al, 2009). This will negatively impact the tourism industry that will affect the economic position of the area. The authors used the macroeconomic theory to prove that degradation has a direct relationship to the quality of the reefs and economic viability of the destination. The article is great because it links the impacts of the activities in the Great Barrier Reef on the tourism industry. 

Carr, L. & Meldelsohn, R. 2003. “Valuing Coral Reefs: A Travel Cost Analysis of the Great Barrier Reef”, Ambio, 32 (5): 353-357.

 


The article explores the international, as well as domestic travel to the Great Barrier Reef that will allow the estimation of the benefits that the reef offers to about 2 million guests every year. The authors highlight the fact that there are several threats to the existing coral reefs in the GBR area. They stress that there are several benefits that comes with the protection of the catchment area, especially to the tourism industry. More so, the article highlights indirect and direct costs of the coral reefs by emphasizing travel costs.

The key ideas in the article are about the estimation of the travel costs associated with visitors that visit the area for recreational purposes. The authors use demand models to estimate the travel costs to find the costs that are needed to estimate these costs that comes to the GBR area. Travel cost method is the method widely used to estimate the costs associated with tourism activities in the GBR region, which popular globally. The article supports the need to support protection and conservation practices in the area to maintain coral reef health and sustainable resource that will sustain the tourism industry in Australia. The authors say that the finances from tourists visiting GBR area benefits both domestic and international nations (Carr & Meldelsohn 2003).

The key idea of estimating the costs associated with the benefits that is accrued from GBR is important in understanding the impacts of the destination to the tourism industry. This is attributed to the fact that area has been the main pillar of the tourism industry. The travel cost method is appropriate in this scenario as emphasized by the authors because it promotes the understanding of the benefits of the area.

 


The findings from the article are important since it will used to understand the region, especially on the benefits from tourists visiting the area. The findings of the article will be applied to undertake improvements in the area to boost conservation efforts and attract visitors from internationally and domestically.

Willacy. C. 2016. “Great Barrier Reef coral bleaching could cost $1b in lost tourism, research       suggests”, ABC. Retrieved on April 25, 2017.

The article offers information on the effects of continued bleaching of the Great Barrier Reef on tourism. The author says this continued bleaching could result in the loss of around $1 billion in the tourism sector. The bleaching effect on the coral reef in the GBR will result in the decline in the number of the guests visiting the destination leading to the loss in tourism revenue.

The article underlines the fact that the bleaching of the coral reefs of the GBR will cause a substantial loss of the tourism that will have a subsequent effect on the economic viability of the area. The author estimates the loss will result in about $ 1 billion, which was estimated after surveying more than 3,000 Chinese, United States and United Kingdom visitors and 1,400 domestic guests in the GBR area. The author estimates based on survey results that there are about 175,000 tourists who risk coming to Australia at all if the reef carries on to be bleached and about 900,000 tourists are likely to choose other destinations. This will also result in unemployment cases in the area between (39,000 and 45,000 jobs) (Willacy 2016).

The key ideas of the article relate to the article because it addresses the problem facing coral reefs in the GBR area as one of the leading tourist destination and that this will likely to affect the economy of the region. This means that tourists are likely to choose another destination other than GBR that have healthy reefs.

The article’s key ideas bring into perspective the impact of bleaching and that there is the need to deal with the dilemma of climate change and initiate other measures to save the area and ensure that there is a positive publicity from the media.

Hannam, P. 2017. “Great Barrier Reef tourism headed for tough times as coral bleaching worsens”, The Sidney Morning Herald. Retrieved on April 25, 2017.

The article says that the Great Barrier is headed for difficult times in the history because of issues of coral bleaching that is threatening tourism industry. The article reports that the coral bleaching has greatly affected the tourism zone that has been attributed to climate change.

The article reports that the abnormally high sea temperatures have worsened the situation at the area that caused extensive bleaching. The author says that the impact of bleaching on the destination will likely to affect industry worth approximately $6 million annually and employs 60,000 individuals. The article calls for urgent measures to arrest the problem before it goes out of hand. This has affected the tourism sector as many tourists reportedly prefer other areas that they enjoy themselves. The continuous bleaching has fueled calls within the tourism industry to protect the reef’s future that include taking on the Queensland and federal government to support the development of the area. It is believed that this is the last chance tourism (Hannam 2017).

The ideas of the article relate to the effect of the changing trends in the area because of the bleaching of the corals on the tourism sector. The impact on tourism is profound and there is the need for measures to address the problem.

The implications of the applying the key ideas are important towards putting in place measures to mitigate the problem to ensure that the tourism sector thrives.

Slezak, M. 2016. “Great Barrier Reef: tourists will go elsewhere if bleaching continues – poll”,     The Guardian. Retrieved on April 25, 2017.

 


The article provides information on the effect of bleaching of corals on tourism that will make tourists to go to destinations that have not been affected by bleaching. The article examines the impact of bleaching of corals in Great Barrier is having on tourists from China, UK and US.

The author reports that the continued bleaching of corals at GBR will negatively affect tourism as the tourists are looking for other destinations that have healthy coral reefs. The author says that if bleaching continues on the GBR, tourists will move to other destinations and will take with them approximated $1 billion annually and cost more than 10,000 jobs in regional Queensland. The author further says that the mainstream of the Chinese and nearly a third of the US and UK tourists will move elsewhere other than Australia if the reefs die totally. Nearly 63 of the international visitors acknowledged the problem of bleaching and the  majority still believed that it is in good shape. The author estimated that in 2016, about 93 percent of coral reefs experienced bleaching and 22 percent died. It is proposed that policies, like a moratorium on new coalmines may be put in place with minimal impact on the Queensland economy (Slezak 2016).

The key ideas of the article relate to tourism because it has affected negatively the tourism sector that, in turn, affects the economy of the region. The ideas are in line with the need to address the problem to stop the negative impact of bleaching of the GBR on the tourism sector.

The implications of the article on applying are important in addressing the problem of bleaching of the coral reefs and save the tourism industry.

 

References

Anderson, A. 2017. “Climate change, tourism and the Great Barrier Reef: what we know. The     Conservation. Retrieved on April 25, 2017.

Brace, M. 2003. “The Race to Stem the Reef's Grief”, Geographical (Campion Interactive            Publishing), 75 (2), 98.

Carr, L. & Meldelsohn, R. 2003. “Valuing Coral Reefs: A Travel Cost Analysis of the Great         Barrier Reef”, Ambio, 32 (5): 353-357.

Coghlan, A.,  Fox, R.,  Prideaux, B., & Lück, M. 2011, “Successful interpretation in Great            Barrier Reef tourism: Dive in or keep out of it?”,  Tourism in Marine Environments, 7:    167-178.

Fyall, A & Rakic, T, 2006, “The future market for World Heritage sites” in A Leask & A Fyall     (eds), Managing World Heritage sites, Butterworth-Heinemann, Sydney, pp. 160-175.

GBRMPA, 2001, “Great Barrier Reef water quality: current issues”, Great Barrier Reef Marine    Park Authority, Townsville.

GBRMPA, 2011, “Impact of tropical cyclone Yasi on the Great Barrier Reef: a report on the        findings of a rapid impact assessment, July 2011”, Great Barrier Reef Marine Park       Authority, Townsville.

Hannam, P. 2017. “Great Barrier Reef tourism headed for tough times as coral bleaching worsens”, The Sidney Morning Herald. Retrieved on April 25, 2017.

Huybers, T. & Bennett, J. 2003, “Environmental management and the competitiveness of nature- based tourism destinations”, Environment and Resource Economics, 24: 213-233.

Kragt, M. E., P. C. Roebeling, & A. Ruijs. 2009. “Effects of Great Barrier Reef degradation on   recreational reef-trip demand: a contingent behaviour approach”, Australian Journal of         Agricultural and Resource Economics, 53:213-229.

Luo, Y. & Deng, J. 2008, “The New Environmental Paradigm and nature based tourism    motivation”, Journal of Tourism Research, 46:392-402.

Prideaux, B., McKercher, B. and McNamara, K. 2013, “Modelling a Tourism Response to            Climate Change Using a Four Stage Problem Definition and Response Framework”, Asia    Pacific Journal of Tourism Research, DOI:10.1080/10941665.2012.688516.

Robertson, J. 2017. “Great Barrier Reef tourism: caught between commerce and conservation       alarm”. The Guardian. Retrieved on April 25, 2017.

Selrach, S. 2016. “Great Barrier Reef Nears Its Death, Tourists Rush to Australia”, Nature World             News. Retrieved on April 25, 2017.

Slezak, M. 2016. “Great Barrier Reef: tourists will go elsewhere if bleaching continues – poll”,     The Guardian. Retrieved on April 25, 2017.

Willacy. C. 2016. “Great Barrier Reef coral bleaching could cost $1b in lost tourism, research       suggests”, ABC. Retrieved on April 25, 2017.

Zeppel, H. 2011, “Climate change and tourism in the Great Barrier Reef Marine Park”, Current    Issues in Tourism, 15 (3).

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