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Question:

Identify a couple of the major discrimination laws that were discussed in the textbook reading. How are these laws intended to protect employees? Are these laws necessary and effective, or instead do they restrict the manager’s ability to properly manage?
 
 

Answer:

In complex business scenario, it is crucial for companies to safeguard interest of their employees effectively. There are numerous labour laws put in place that offer protection to employees and safeguard their interest against any unfair treatment and unsafe working conditions. For employees working in construction industries, there are additional regulations and legislations to ensure that they remain safe. Federal laws hold great importance for employees and employers. On the other hand, compliance to employment laws offer benefits to society at interpersonal and financial level. Most of the organisations around world operate on the model of master-servant relationship (Cawthorne, 2004). In broader sense, employer is considered the master while employee is considered the servant. Employee is expected to perform his duties under the master. Further, the servant gets reimbursed for his services.

But it is often realised that employers might use their power and abuse employees. Hence, to safeguard employee from such situations, employment and labour laws are crucial. For instance, Fair Labour Standards Act 1967 and Age Discrimination in Employment Act intend to balance the master-servant relationship. This is to ensure that employers don’t abuse their employees by any means. Under some legislation, employees also get the opportunity to get compensation for any kind of abuse or equal chance to work in safe environment (Cawthorne, 2004). Experts believe that the purpose of employee protection laws is not to abolish the master-servant relationship instead make it equal for employees to get full benefit of the services that they are offering to their master. Further, this legislation give an opportunity to employers also that business owners can engage in doing commerce which is profitable. Hence, labour laws intend to protect the rights of the employers as well. For example, employer enjoys the right to hire anyone and there is no hard and fast rule about hiring employees.

Hence, labour laws, ultimately provides an opportunity to maximise his productivity and become capable to remain competitive in marketplace. These laws are highly necessary and effective. Some experts do believe that these laws restrict the ability and control of the managers. However, this is wrong to say this. With these laws, managers can manage effectively and also ensure that employees are satisfied and stay loyal to the company for longer. A loyal employee is an asset for an organisation (Hill, 2009). Hence, an employee can become loyal if and if he is satisfied with his job. This can be ensured with the help of these employee protection laws. When employees know that their managers and organisation protects them and take every possible step to safeguard their interest, employees are likely to become loyal automatically. In nutshell, employee protection laws are highly crucial and help to develop economic stability. On one hand, it provides an opportunity to employer to make significant profits while on other, it helps employee to get compensated as per his services given to employer. Employee protection acts keep updating with changing times and changing businesses.

 

References

Cawthorne, M. (2004).  “Of Networks and Markets.”, World Development 43

Hill, E. (2009). “The Indian Industrial Relations System: Struggling to Address the Dynamics of a Globalizing Economy.”, Journal of Industrial Relations, pp. 395-410

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