Describe about the North Korean facebook clone has already been hacked.
It is reported that just after getting spotted online, the social network face book has been hacked in North Korea. Star Con was modeled based on a famous network. The name was kept after star, the country’s internet provider. However, the actual founder of this site is unknown.PHP Dolphin, a local DIY kit was running this site. In North Korea, it is known as "Best Korea's Social Network”. Like any other websites, this North Korean site also allows people to register, upload cat videos and profile pictures or to message friends. This site is being hosted within North Korea. It has very strict censorship, as most of the people cannot access this site. Report states that, Andrew McKean, a Scottish teenager, hacked the site just after it’s emerging on Friday. According to McKean’s statement given to Mortherboard, this website was being hacked by typing simply “password” and “admin” in login details. This allowed the teenager to control the site through changing the name of the site, suspending or deleting users, managing the eventual ads and censoring certain words. He also has access to check everyone’s mails.
In this above-mentioned case study, the observed ethical issues are hacking and cyber crime. Hacking is defined as breaching a system or network to exploit the system by taking the advantage of it. Now days, the business is completely technology based. The business people keep all the data in the computer. Therefore, hacking is the biggest threat to them. There are certain people, named hackers, who make their living through breaching this information system. They are skilled enough to access the secured information by breaking the codes. They are too much powered that they can change one computer to a bomb. Cyber crime is defined as the crime, which takes place in computer. The criminal activities range from forgery, theft and fraud. Hacking is also one type of cyber crime. This crime is seen in the above-mentioned case, where, McKean accessed the Star Con site just by typing word within a few seconds.
Ethical principals are described as establishing the ethical behavior. These ethical principles can be derived from ethical theory, religious beliefs, and social context. These ethical principles are generally applied to the computer technologies. This has a great impact on the daily life of the people, where they communicate at playground, work, education, government. Certain general ethical problems are given below:
- Keeping promises
- Acting honestly
- Respecting other’s property
- Considering others as equal
- Respecting others
Ethical issues are addressed as the issues, which break or threaten an ethical principle. One example of ethical principle is respecting other’s property. Here, addressed ethical issue is hacking the popular website without their permission, stealing the information and destroying it by sending worm or virus. So ethical issue can be understood by knowing this example. At this point ethical theories are needed to address these kinds of ethical issues in various perspectives.
Ethical theories are applied to evaluate the ethical issues. These theories are utilized to make decisions through tools and it provides the base to think critically. The issues will be chosen from any prospective then opinions are made by applying these theories. There are two main theories described below:
The Kant’s theory is defined as the summarization of an issue without entering into the deep. Kant believes that the person’s behavior ethically comes from them. According to him, deciding anything as bad or good depends on anyone’s imagination on action. Based on his theory, it can be said the breaking promises is good, which conflicts logically (Noddings, 2013). To elaborate it can be said that if everyone starts breaking their promises then the trust in the promises will be lost. Therefore, gradually the meaning if the promise will be lost from the world. According to him, certain things cannot be universalized that means that if everyone does the same mistake then it will not work. In this case, if each person hacks other’s computers. Then there will be no meaning of hacking.
The ethical issues, which can be described through Kant’s theory, are, breaking promise, stealing, lying, and killing others. Overall, Kant believes that the things, which are wrong from the public point of view, are "essentially wrong”. It means that the wrong things are always wrong. There is also no reasonable situation, where they can be right. This theory completely opposes consequentialism theory that will be addressed later.
Consequentialism is the class of normative ethical theories holding that the consequences of one's conduct are the ultimate basis for any judgment about the rightness or wrongness of that conduct. Consequentialism is usually contrasted with deontological ethics (or deontology), in that deontology, in which rules and moral duty are central, derives the rightness or wrongness of one's conduct from the character of the behavior itself rather than the outcomes of the conduct. Consequentialism theory will be defined as the theory that deals with the action consequences. To take example, it can be said that the sometimes steeling can be the right action to take it provided for the good reason. According to the theory, good items are those things that bring "the greatest benefit to the greatest number of people". As per the theory, stealing is a morally acceptable act that provides the greater benefit to the greatest number (Frank, 2013). For example, if a computer has certain data which can help the government to identify the culprits, then stealing those data or hacking the computer is right thing to do. Many people along with Government will be benefited from this activity. Therefore, in the present case, as per the consequentialism theory, hacking is not bad, while it fully contrasts Kantians theory.
To conclude this, it can be said that due to globalization, there are many ethical issues in the daily life. To reduce these problems, people have to be more concerned and knowledgeable about the ethical theories. It will show the right path to deal with those issues.
Frank, A. W. (2013). The wounded storyteller: Body, illness, and ethics. University of Chicago Press.
Noddings, N. (2013). Caring: A relational approach to ethics and moral education. Univ of California Press.