What were the origins of these governments, their accomplishments, and their failures? What accounts for the fact that the masses mobilized to support these movements? Elaborate.
There is a difference between the communism and fascism. In communism, people will work for the government. Redistribution of collective output is practiced in the state. Union between the people and the structure of the government is not present in the fascist form of government. Communism refers to an international system or theory of a social agency that is based on the holding of the common properties with the ownership that are ascribed to the state or community. In this form of government, an extreme distrust of capitalism and rejection of free markets are in any country (Brewer et al., 2014). Fascism is described as an extremely authoritarian and nationalistic state that is led by a single person in a single party. It is characterized by not having any free market, individualism glory, democratic election of representatives and individual glory. The media and the press are controlled by the state.
Communism form of government is examples of planned economy, centralized government, and the dictatorship of the proletariat. There is no private property and common ownership regarding various tools of production. Usually, there is equality between genders and international focus. Fascism government is a centralized form of government with actual idealism, planned economy, social Darwinism, meritocratic, Nazism, and extreme nationalism (Passmore, 2014).
In the both forms of government, one party system and anti-democratic are the standard features. Different political movements have occurred in the communist form of government such as Trotskyism, Leninism, Maoism, Stalinism, and Marxism-Leninism. The public of the state following communism supports these movements. In fascism form of government, Falangism, National Socialism, neo-Nazism, Strasserism, neo-fascism, and national Bolshevism are the political actions that have occurred earlier (Brewer et al., 2014).
Brewer, Daniel R., Sanders, T. (2014). The World in the Twentieth Century, 7th Edition.
Passmore, K. (2014). Fascism: A very short introduction. OUP Oxford.