The case suggests the moral standing of each of the individual as in Jessica, Marco, Aunt Maria and Dr. Wilson. The moral stand point of each can be judged from a Theoretical perspective:
Jessica: The pregnant woman who had the fetus inside her and when she hears about the news of abnormality the rationality of having a deformed baby kicks in. The theory of Kant’s Categorical Imperative is use here (Jaworska & Tannenbaum, 2013). The rationality in use is the ‘sake of the baby’ who on birth is not assured to have a normal life so this is acting as the morale agent too for her in choosing the right state for her child and her future with Marcos.
Marco: The husband and the father to the child is guided by the Bentham’s Principles of Greatest Happiness Principles which makes him reject the rationality and focus upon the condition of Jessica where he feels the news would affect there well being. He takes time to seek for a more suitable moment to disclose the news which for him is to give his wife more time to think and recover. Again, Wetlesen’s theory of moral standing is also observed when the husband actually decides to follows the wife’s will of choice and independence of making her own decisions about aborting or keeping the baby. This gives the standing of Marcos as a standing of lowest possible negative impact on both the future and well being of there family by letting the wife consider the best option (Hancock, 2013).
Aunt Maria: The lady shows the cause of Religion to suggest the family to keep the baby. This behavior has a Parentelism effect playing inside her which makes her interfere with the well being of others irrespective of their own personal choices. The theory suggests that the parentalism claims that the interference would do well for other, upon whose judgment the interference is being made, and it would be a better off decision. In the case, Aunt Maria’s case is that of interference into the well being of the couple making points of spirituality over rationality (Dworkin, 2002).
Dr. Wilson: The stand point of Dr. Wilson in the case is best elaborated by the Kant’s theory which suggests that the actions are morally right in virtue of their motives. Thus the duty of the Doctor is having inclination over the consequence and interest of others. The relevance of the information is to the mother in the case, from the doctor’s perspectives (Loyno.edu, 2014). Thus the doctor kept his duty over the husband’s intentions or the Aunt’s spiritual concerns.
For the researcher the perspective of the Doctor is the most rational standing as the need to communicate the necessary information to the patient was chosen over other obligations. This is to give the patient all needed information and keep them aware so that the individual patient can take the decision. The pregnancy and the well being of the child is the concern for Jessica over the Aunt or Marcos, therefore the most rational approach in the case can be ascribed to the Doctor’s moral stand point.
Dworkin, G. (2002). Paternalism. Plato.stanford.edu. Retrieved 27 May 2015, from https://plato.stanford.edu/entries/paternalism/
Hancock, S. (2013). Theories of Moral Standing. Academia.edu. Retrieved 27 May 2015, from https://www.academia.edu/393647/Theories_of_Moral_Standing
Jaworska, A., & Tannenbaum, J. (2013). The Grounds of Moral Status. Plato.stanford.edu. Retrieved 27 May 2015, from https://plato.stanford.edu/entries/grounds-moral-status/
Loyno.edu,. (2014). Kant's Theory. Retrieved 27 May 2015, from https://www.loyno.edu/~folse/Kant.html#2
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