Contemporary issues in Global Tourism
In this paper, we will outline the contemporary global issues occurring in the environment where world’s tourism industry operates. The discussion will also include the overview of the significance and the influence causes of tourism industry. Furthermore, we will contemplate the factors those shape this tourism industry and the contemporary issues that impact the effective management of the global tourism (Lennon, 2015).
Contemporary Global Issues
According to (Lennon, 2015) tourism sector is one of those sectors which have instigated the changes at a very large scale. The global contemporary issues are greatly associated with the technological as well as social modifications in the world community. Therefore, at present the sphere is giving foremost attention to identify the available trends in the world’s travel and tourism sector. 3 key issues out of them have been chosen to be presented here, are as follows:
According to (Mackay & Spencer, 2017) Fine weather and climate change are those contemporary global attributes that are common for all tourism destinations worldwide. Besides, it is that major issue which has significantly changed the elementary dimensions of global tourism industry at an extensive level. Climate policies will impact world tourism, in 2 major approaches:
- If the policies, programs and actions are made for mitigating the climate impact on global tourism (Nieves & Segarra Cipres, 2015).
- In the way available climate change policies influence the global tourism.
Thus, (Qiu et al., 2018) advise that climate change is having an exclusive effect on tourists’ demand that will have a further influence on duration of traveling as well as destination choice by the tourists. In this context, (Mackay & Spencer, 2017) are proposing that a detailed climate info must be computed and provided to the global travel and tourism sector through applying probabilities, immoderations, mean values, and frequencies. Moreover, the methods such as applied climatology as well as the human biometeorology might be applied to resolve the climate related issues in global tourism. These foundations of climatological as well as meteorological statistics include national weather services, private weather services environmental agencies and so many other governmental authorities which are having their self-networks for the world climate measurement.
ICT and technological advancement
Efficient as well as high-speed Information and communications technologies (referred as ICT) structure and soft wares applications are critical for the global tourism development. Because ICTs permit customer-management relationships as well as supply chain management to be united in a sole source this can facilitate a range of operations. These operations include product selection, fulfilment, ordering, and tracking of products, payment processing and reporting which are to be executed with a single easy-to-use tool. Besides, ICT eventually cut the costs through allowing the supplier to be in straight communication with the customer. ICT use in global tourism industry also impacts on employment by introducing the need for the essential care of ICT equipment’s that is utilized in the tourism sector (Mackay & Spencer, 2017).
The growth of ICT has led to modifications in supply and demand. The higher demand for flexibility, individualized options as well as quality of info has been fulfilled by the ICT system. From innovative technology as well as social, economic ratings using social media like Twitter, Facebook blogs, customers are leveraged with the capability to give feedback on various facilities. Moreover, through ICT use customers can see research ratings of destinations, ratings of service quality of hotels as well as restaurants and also environmental, social circumstances. In this context, hotels like Marriott, Ritz Carlton, Hyatt and other five-star have reinforced their branding image as well as communication strategies with the help of technological advancements through ICT (riorini, 2017).
The relationship between transportation-associated aspects such as costing of the fuel, oil and tourism is an important factor for the effective tourism facilities in any area of the world. There are many effects of transportation variations on world tourism industry (Van Truong & Shimizu, 2017). Additionally, the destination features such as travel linkage, availability of transportation greatly influence the local liveliness as well as management of the regional reception of tourism. This can be further explained as, when a good numbers of civic transportation choices are offered by the tourist destination then tourism sector of that place will have a bright future. These readily available transportation choices in that tourist area attracts more tourists and those tourists can leverage the fortify transportation of the chosen destination. The transportation is also having great significance for the global economy growth and the whole tourism industry as well. For an example, there are many places like hilly areas where transportation is available; still we all prefer to take our personal vehicles with us as far as possible. The reason behind the above practice is that acquiring transportation at those places is time consuming, might be costly and many other risks are associated with the transportation facility at those places (Van Truong & Shimizu, 2017).
The inflation rates also affects market conditions highly and cause random market conditions, which subsequently increases the cost of transportation fuel and fares for the tourists. Hence, the market situations and random currency variations are the major issues for future global tourism industry. Because of the above said elements, the local travelling and transportation mode becomes costly, unreachable and expensive. Therefore, well-ordered transportation facilities department contributes largely to the travel and tourism of the globe (Van Truong & Shimizu, 2017).
Therefore, these above 3 contemporary global issues highly tend to be thought-provoking for the world tourism industry in future.
In conclusion, global tourism is a way to build country’s economy better in all ways. With the help of tourism improving ideas, experiences and cultures, challenges can be addressed for the upcoming tourism industry. Hence there is an urgency to advance the sectors related to global tourism by all means. This discussion is an attempt to help in addressing problems of global tourism by the decision-makers who are having the concrete knowledge and authority of the tourism industry.
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Mackay, E.A. & Spencer, A., 2017. The future of Caribbean tourism: competition and climate change implications. Worldwide hospitality and tourism themes, 9(1), pp.44-59.
Nieves, J. & Segarra Cipres, M., 2015. Management innovation in the hotel industry. Tourism Management, 46, pp.51-58.
Qiu, R.T.R., Masiero, L. & Li, G., 2018. The psychological process of travel destination choice. Journal of Travel & tourism Marketing, 35(6), pp.691-705.
riorini, S.V., 2017. How to Improve Brand Equity in Tourism. European Research Studies, 20(3A), pp.417-34.
Van Truong, N. & Shimizu, T., 2017. The effect of transportation on tourism promotion: literature review on application of the Computable General Equilibrium (CGE) model. Transportation research procedia, 25(1), pp.3096-115.