New User? Start here.
Error goes here
Please upload all relevant files for quick & complete assistance.
Arterial roads may be known as high-capacity roads which connect the urban areas with the cities. The arterial roads deliver traffic from the collector roads to the expressways. Thus these roads in a way provide service between the urban areas and expressways. As stated by Vasconcellos (2014), many arterial roads are limited-access roads for the private access. It has been observed that the modern motorways are dealing with heavy incrising road traffic and high demand for mobility of frequent congestion, accidents, dangerous road sections and air pollution. It has been found that controlled-access highway has been designed for high speed vehicle traffic and also so to maintain the traffic flow (Tolley and Turton 2014).
It has been observed that the arterial road connects the urban areas and the cities. As argued by Garber and Hoel (2014), such types of the arterial roads change from country to country or city to city. The designs of the arterial roads are also different and include patterns like concentric circulars or grid. As stated by Barfield and Dingus (2014), the arterial roads have been built as a bypass lane for the high speed and high-mobility motorway. These arterial roads create opportunity to connect the urban areas with the city. As argued by Schmieg et al. (2014), the arterial roads provide useful features and facilities to vehicles.
As stated by Pan et al. (2014), everyday more than 10 to 15 small and medium road accidents have been reported at different roads of Australia. The majority of the accidents are responsible in creating slow traffic in different highways. According to Greguric et al. (2014), more than 1.5 million people have died in road accidents last year. Due to slow traffic and traffic jam, more than 70% of the injured people die every year. Therefore, road accidents may create traffic jam on the highway.
The new arterial roads have created a bypass for ambulances and other emergency vehicles such as fire truck or lifting truck so that they may reach the accident spot easily. It has been observed that the Prince highway covers the major areas in Australia from Sydney to Port Augusta. It has been observed that more than 10 bypass roads have been attached with this highway such as Oak Flats to Dunmore, North Kiama Bypass, Kiama On and Off Ramps. It has been observed that the length of the bypass roads is mot more than 11.5 km (Garber and Hoel 2014). Moreover, 5 bypass roads are under construction (Pan et al. 2014). As stated by Greguric et al. (2014), more than 50% traffic jams have decreased in this high ways. Therefore, an additional 3-6 bypasses ways will be required for decreasing the traffic jam by 30%.
The road construction process will be more technology based. The asphalt or concrete roads are suitable for bypass roads. It is cost effective and durable. It has been observed that some areas are susceptible to landslides due to heavy rain. Therefore the road construction companies need to inspect the area of roads. Additionally, post this inspection, the road construction company will begin its road construction procedure and make arrangement for requirements such as rocks and stones. It has been observed that some bypass roads have been built using cobblestone and granite stones. Those roads are non slippery but they absorb large amount of rain. As a result, the longevity of the cobblestone coating is low (not more than 6 -8 years). On the other hand the cobblestone coating cannot carry heavy weight vehicles such as trucks and trawlers. Therefore, the asphalt coating roads will be better for the bypass roads because it is durable and has good gripping ability. Therefore, this will be of lower risk for the cars in the rain. As stated by Ouma et at. (2014), asphalt road making process is more expensive and time consuming than the cobblestone roads.
As stated by Garber and Hoel (2014), the bypass road should have 2 lanes and they should specially connect the rural areas with the highways. Therefore, the asphalt roads provide better roads for the emergency vehicles such as ambulance, fire truck and others. The new bypass roads will be covered by thick asphalt to increase its durability. As stated by Pan et al. (2014), asphalt roads are well suited for carrying loaded trucks. Most asphalt roads have a gravel based surface. Portland cement or lime would be used to stabilize the mixture of the gravels.
It has been observed that the old road building process was manual. Therefore, the construction process has been a time consuming process. The road construction department has spent a large amount of capital on the construction of these roads. Therefore the new technological implementation will be more time and cost efficient for the new bypass roads (Ouma et at. 2014). There are some new building machines like air-track drill, chip spreader, cold planer, compactor, concrete mixture machines and carriage and curb machines will be used in the new road construction. Those innovative machineries will reduce the human effort and building time. As a result the roads will open for vehicles after a short time.
It has been observed that there are no street lights in the highways. Therefore, relief operation has faced challenge at night. However, the bypass road must have street lights because it connects the rural areas with the highways. There will be street light in the bypass lanes. The gap between two street lights will be almost 100 to 150 meters. Power Companies have taken the responsibility of setting up LED street lights for the new bypass. As stated by by Barfield and Dingus (2014), the LED light 80% power saving capacity than the florescent lights and sodium vapor lamps or halogen lamps. On the other hand, the LED light delivers better candela than the sodium vapor lamp. There will be automated signaling system in the new bypass road. The signaling system will be bright LED based so that the driver is able to observe the signals from far (Ouma et at. 2014).
The arterial roads are necessary for supporting the highways in emergency purposes. The bypass roads must be built by materials that are strong and heavy such as asphalt so that maintenance cost may be reduced. The new bypass roads must have bright and energy efficient lighting and signaling system to avoid accidents. Therefore, the bypass roads would be the perfect support for the highways.
Barfield, W. and Dingus, T.A., 2014. Human factors in intelligent transportation systems. Psychology Press.
Garber, N. and Hoel, L., 2014. Traffic and highway engineering. Cengage Learning.
Greguric, M., Ivanjko, E. and Mandzuka, S., 2014, Cooperative ramp metering simulation. In Information and Communication Technology, Electronics and Microelectronics (MIPRO), 2014 37th International Convention on (pp. 970-975). IEEE.
GreguriÄ‡, M., Ivanjko, E. and MandÅ¾uka, S., 2014. New Concepts for Urban Highways Control. REAL CORP, pp.423-431.
Ouma, Y.O., Yabann, C.E., Kirichu, M. and Tateishi, R., 2014. Optimization of urban highway bypass horizontal alignment: a methodological overview of intelligent spatial MCDA approach using fuzzy AHP and GIS. Advances in Civil Engineering, 2014.
Pan, J., Chen, C., Li, Y., Wang, L., Tan, L., Li, G., Tang, X., Xiao, L., Lu, J. and Zhuang, L., 2014. Constructing ionic highway in alkaline polymer electrolytes. Energy & Environmental Science, 7(1), pp.354-360.
Schmieg, N., Menendez, G., Schiavo, G. and Terenzio, M., 2014,. Signalling endosomes in axonal transport: travel updates on the molecular highway. In Seminars in cell & developmental biology (Vol. 27, pp. 32-43). Academic Press.
Tolley, R. and Turton, B.J., 2014. Transport systems, policy and planning: a geographical approach. Routledge.
Vasconcellos, E.A., 2014. Urban Transport Environment and Equity: The case for developing countries. Routledge.
To View this & another 50000+ free samples. Please put
your valid email id.
Earn back the money you have spent on the downloaded sample by uploading a unique assignment/study material/research material you have. After we assess the authenticity of the uploaded content, you will get 100% money back in your wallet within 7 days.
Get Moneyinto Your Wallet
Total 6 pages
*The content must not be available online or in our existing Database to qualify as
To export a reference to this article please select a referencing stye below:
My Assignment Help. (2017). Traffic And Transportation. Retrieved from https://myassignmenthelp.com/free-samples/traffic-and-transportation.
"Traffic And Transportation." My Assignment Help, 2017, https://myassignmenthelp.com/free-samples/traffic-and-transportation.
My Assignment Help (2017) Traffic And Transportation [Online]. Available from: https://myassignmenthelp.com/free-samples/traffic-and-transportation[Accessed 26 May 2022].
My Assignment Help. 'Traffic And Transportation' (My Assignment Help, 2017) <https://myassignmenthelp.com/free-samples/traffic-and-transportation> accessed 26 May 2022.
My Assignment Help. Traffic And Transportation [Internet]. My Assignment Help. 2017 [cited 26 May 2022]. Available from: https://myassignmenthelp.com/free-samples/traffic-and-transportation.
The respective sample has been mail to your register email id
* $5 to be used on order value more than $50. Valid for
We have sent login details on your registered email.
MyAssignmenthelp.com has become one of the leading assignment help provider in New York City and Boston. We provide top class auditing assignment help. Not only auditing, but we also cover more than 100 subjects and our writers deal with all types of assignments with utmost expertise. To make writing process faster and accurate, we have segmented our assignment experts' teams as per their expertise on writing different types of assignments. We guaranteed that students who buy our assignment online get solutions worth their investment.
MyAssignmentHelp.com is not sponsored or endorsed by this college or university
The process of developing a successful business entity requires a multidimensional analysis of several factors that relate to the internal and external environment in commerce. The areas covered in this current unit are essential in transforming the business perspective regarding the key commerce factors such as ethics, technology, culture, entrepreneurship, leadership, culture, and globalization (Nzelibe, 1996; Barza, 2...
Critical reflection on the objective, design, methodology and outcome of the research undertaken Assessment-I
Smoking and tobacco addiction is one of the few among the most basic general restorative issues, particularly to developed nations such as the UK. It has been represented that among all risk segments smoking is the fourth driving purpose behind infections and other several ailments like asthma, breathing and problems in the l...
1.0 Data on staff turnover and demographics
That includes the staffing information of JKL industries for the fiscal year of 2014-15, it can be said that the company is having problems related to employee turnover. For the role of Senior Manager in Sydney, the organization needs 4 managers; however, one manager is exiting. It will make one empty position which might hurt the decision making process. On the other hand, In Brisba...
Entrepreneurship is the capacity and willingness to develop, manage, and put in order operations of any business venture with an intention to make profits despite the risks that may be involved in such venture. Small and large businesses have a vital role to play in the overall performance of the economy. It is, therefore, necessary to consider the difference between entrepreneurial ventures, individual, and c...
An operating system (OS) is defined as a system software that is installed in the systems for the management of the hardware along with the other software resources. Every computer system and mobile device requires an operating system for functioning and execution of operations. There is a great use of mobile devices such as tablets and Smartphones that has increased. One of the widely used and implemented operating syste...
Get top notch assistance from our best tutors ! Excel in your academics & career in one easy click!
MPM755 Building Success In Commerce
SNM660 Evidence Based Practice
BSBHRM513 Manage Workforce Planning
MKT2031 Issues In Small Business And Entrepreneurship
MN506 System Management
ENGL 100 English Essay
HI6008 Business Research
BUSS5308 Australian Industrial Relations
INFO5301 Information Security Management
MGMT20144 Management And Business Context
Just refer 5 friends to earn more than $2000.
If you are the original writer of this content and no longer wish to have your work published on Myassignmenthelp.com then please raise the
content removal request.
After the successfull payment you will be redirected to the detail page where you can see download full answer button over blur text.You can also download from there.
Or you can also download from My Library section once you login.Click on the My Library icon
My Library page open there you can see all your purchased sample and you can download from there.
That's our welcome gift for first time visitors
On APP - grab it while it lasts!
*Offer eligible for first 3 orders ordered through app!
ONLINE TO HELP YOU 24X7
OR GET MONEY BACK!
OUT OF 38983 REVIEWS
Received my assignment before my deadline request, paper was well written. Highly