country
$20 Bonus + 25% OFF
Securing Higher Grades Costing Your Pocket? Book Your Assignment at The Lowest Price Now!

Trauma And Culture Counselling: Medical Care

tag 0 Download8 Pages 1,805 Words tag Add in library Click this icon and make it bookmark in your library to refer it later. GOT IT

Question:

Discuss about the Trauma and Culture Counselling for Medical Care.

 

Answer:

There has been a strong relationship between trauma and culture. The traumatic experiences of an individual become an integral part of life and universal in occurrence and manifestation. It demands cooperation from the cultures in the form of support, treatment, healing, medical care, counseling and interventions. To understand the concepts of trauma and cultural systems in depth, it is important to understand the dimensions and the pattern of both the concepts (France, del Carmen Rodríguez & Hett, 2012). There are different types of the reasons behind the traumatic experiences, such as, childhood abuse, terrorism, domestic violence, natural disasters, civil war in the country, warfare, etc. and it affects psychologically as well as physically. Trauma can cause deep harms to the self-confidence, personal identity and ego strength of a person and the effects can remain life long, hampering his or her normal, social and cultural life. At the same time, cultures are simple as well as complex in terms of dealing with the traumatized people. The social structure of the cultures has significant effects on the treatment of the traumatized people. Different cultures use different mechanisms to help people with such experiences (Iqbal, 2015).

Trauma refers to the extreme psychological and physical stress reactions from different types of events affecting the normal life of a person. According to Delauney (2012), it is a resultant effect from any event, circumstances, or series of events, experienced by a person, which are emotionally or physically harmful and have long lasting negative effects on his or her normal life and spiritual, social, physical or emotional well-being. For some, domestic abuse is traumatic, while for some, the natural disaster that wiped out their families is a traumatic event. The 5th edition of Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5) defines trauma as the situation when a person is open to the elements of threatened or actual physical injury, death or sexual abuse (American Psychiatric Association, 2013).

Trauma was characterized broadly by Caruth (2016). He defined it as the sudden and forced event that hampers an individual’s capacity to react. Trauma is not always physical harm to oneself, rather it often includes various other events causing emotional harm.

According to Wilson (2012), traumatic experiences can lead to various types of mental health disorders such as Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), anxiety disorders, mood disorders, i.e. extreme depression, etc. The effect of trauma are sometimes subtle, dangerous or destructive. These effects are dependent on the nature of the individual, type of the events, process of developments, vastness of the event, and socio cultural and economic factors. When the impacts become too much, a person needs medical help, as well as support from the society to recover. The attitude of the society towards a traumatic victim depends on the culture.

It is important to know the influence of culture on trauma. LaCapra (2014), says that human beings generally tend to make sense and explain the experiences. In the process of explaining, the culturally influenced beliefs come into play. This is a determining factor of the treatment and the healing process; as this would also be influenced by culture of the patient, and it would decide if the treatment would be effective. The medical studies have shown that many health practices are not accepted in many societies due to some traditional beliefs. Similarly, the traumatic patients often reject many counseling advices due to some social and cultural beliefs. They do not become open to the medical practices and that leads to more suffering.

 

According to Antze & Lambek (2016), to treat the traumatic patients, understanding of culture is very essential. It helps to understand the background, race, ethnicity, age, race, citizenship status, gender identity, spirituality, and other social economic factors that would help in supporting the patients. The cultural beliefs of people also influence the reactions to the traumatic events. If a person had been abused in his or her childhood, then the person would suffer from this experience throughout his or her life, but the way of reacting to this event depends on the socio cultural background of the person. Different societies deal with such victims in different ways. For example, if a woman is raped in a Middle East country, then the victim is punished rather than the people who committed the crime. Such events create very deep scars among the trauma victims and they often cannot recover from that.

Hence, it is evaluated in the medical science that, different cultural approaches are required for treating different types of trauma. The harmony in the relations with society and nature; personal vulnerability caused by the trauma; mental balance; illness resulting from that trauma and effects on health, mind and spirit are the influential factors of the type of counseling and treatment. If the counselor can understand the victim’s culture correctly, then it becomes easier for him to evaluate the situation and treat the patients in the most beneficial and effective way (Holmes et al., 2015).

Counseling is one of the most effective treatment processes for the traumatized people. When people are unable cope up with traumatic experiences in life, then they need medical help. In most cases, people reach out to their families and friends for emotional support. However, when they cannot open up in front of their near and dear ones, they need professional help. The first step of such treatment is counseling. The counselors listen to their problems and give them advice to cope up with the situation accordingly (An introduction to counseling, 2015). 

It is a challenge for the counselors to understand the patient, know his or her background and guide them accordingly. Culture again plays a vital role in this. If a counselor has profound knowledge about the culture and socio economic background of the trauma victim, then he can guide the person according to his or her cultural beliefs. This way he ensures that the victim would follow his advice and can recover from the trauma. Counseling is not just about two people; it also includes the characteristics, which incorporate the culture of the modern societies (Shalev, Yehuda & McFarlane, 2013).

Di Prete (2016), described the story of Paula in his writing. He wrote that, Paula and her friend were hit hard by a car accident. It became a trauma for her and she started to shy away from her family, friends, works and life. Finally, she was taken to a counselor. The counselor started with giving her a homework sheet to fill up with the accident story every day. In next session, he recorded an audio tape with the narration of the accident story by Paula herself and told Paula to listen to that tape until she got bored. After that, he told her to remember the good and positive pre-accident memories in the next session. This way he treated her with dignity and respect and listened to everything she had to say attentively. After few sessions, Paula recovered completely from her trauma and started to live her normal life again. In this example, culture was a vital part too. Had the counselor ignored the cultural beliefs of Paula, he could have never understood her mentality accurately and would have treated her differently, which would have a negative impact on her (Ardino, 2014).

The above example proves that counselors must be culturally sensitive as well as must evaluate the victims in the cultural framework. Victims, who are from the collectivist culture, find it difficult to report or talk about any traumatic experiences to others. It is a social responsibility of the counselor to respect that aspect and guide them in a way, which would be beneficial for them. He should respect their culture rather than impose his own cultural view on them. If the counseling process is aligned with the victim’s cultural belief, they would follow those for recovery; otherwise the advice could be harmful for them by making them ore disconnected (Sanderson, 2014).

From the above discussion, it can be concluded that, trauma and culture are quite interlinked. Many cultural factors can create trauma to a person, while, in many cases, the cultural aspects help in the way of counseling of the traumatized person. In modern world, people are stressed about everything in life, but, when the stress become unbearable due to any particular event, the person fails to respond rationally and becomes a victim of trauma. There are many disorders of trauma, known as PTSD. When the traumatized people cannot cope up with it, they either harm themselves or seek for professional help. There comes the role of the counselors. The counselors help them with advice on how to deal with trauma and how to live life again by recovering. In all these things, culture is one of the most vital parts. If the society and its culture are liberal, then a traumatized person can get support from the society in the recovery process. Therefore, it can be  said that, trauma and culture counseling is a very important part of the medical science, as well as for the wellbeing of the society as a whole.

 

References:

American Psychiatric Association. Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders. 5th ed. Arlington, VA: American Psychiatric Association; 2013.

An introduction to counselling. (2015). Retrieved 16 May 2017, from https://www.mheducation.co.uk/openup/chapters/0335211895.pdf

Antze, P., & Lambek, M. (Eds.). (2016). Tense past: Cultural essays in trauma and memory. Routledge.

Ardino, V. (2014). Trauma-Informed Care: Is Cultural Competence A Viable Solution For Efficient Policy Strategies?. Clinical Neuropsychiatry, 11(1), 45-51. Retrieved from https://www.clinicalneuropsychiatry.org/pdf/ardinoweb.pdf

Caruth, C. (2016). Unclaimed experience: Trauma, narrative, and history. JHU Press.

Delauney, T. (2012). Fractured culture: educare as a healing approach to indigenous trauma. Science in Society.

Di Prete, L. (2016). Foreign Bodies: Trauma, Corporeality, and Textuality in Contemporary American Culture. Routledge.

France, M. H., del Carmen Rodríguez, M., & Hett, G. G. (Eds.). (2012). Diversity, Culture and Counselling: A Canadian Perspective, 2e. Brush Education.

Holmes, C., Levy, M., Smith, A., Pinne, S., & Neese, P. (2015). A model for creating a supportive trauma-informed culture for children in preschool settings. Journal of child and family studies, 24(6), 1650-1659.

Iqbal, A. (2015). The ethical considerations of counselling psychologists working with trauma: Is there a risk of vicarious traumatisation. Counselling Psychology Review, 30(1), 44-51.

LaCapra, D. (2014). Writing history, writing trauma. JHU Press.

Sanderson, C. (2014). Introduction to Counselling Survivors of Interpersonal Trauma (1st ed.).

Shalev, A. Y., Yehuda, R., & McFarlane, A. (Eds.). (2013). International handbook of human response to trauma. Springer Science & Business Media.

Wilson, J. P. (2012). The Lens of Culture: Theoretical and Conceptual Perspectives in the Assessment of Psychological Trauma and PTSD. In Cross-cultural assessment of psychological trauma and PTSD (pp. 3-30). Springer US.

OR

Cite This Work

To export a reference to this article please select a referencing stye below:

My Assignment Help. (2018). Trauma And Culture Counselling: Medical Care. Retrieved from https://myassignmenthelp.com/free-samples/trauma-and-culture-counselling-medical-care.

"Trauma And Culture Counselling: Medical Care." My Assignment Help, 2018, https://myassignmenthelp.com/free-samples/trauma-and-culture-counselling-medical-care.

My Assignment Help (2018) Trauma And Culture Counselling: Medical Care [Online]. Available from: https://myassignmenthelp.com/free-samples/trauma-and-culture-counselling-medical-care
[Accessed 08 April 2020].

My Assignment Help. 'Trauma And Culture Counselling: Medical Care' (My Assignment Help, 2018) <https://myassignmenthelp.com/free-samples/trauma-and-culture-counselling-medical-care> accessed 08 April 2020.

My Assignment Help. Trauma And Culture Counselling: Medical Care [Internet]. My Assignment Help. 2018 [cited 08 April 2020]. Available from: https://myassignmenthelp.com/free-samples/trauma-and-culture-counselling-medical-care.


MyAssignmenthelp.com has appointed best assignment experts who are wizards of words. Our writers know every trick of crafting high quality write-ups within a short period. With years of experiences, we have become one of the most prolific assignment help services in the USA. We deliver custom-made help to students with writing different types of assignments. We guarantee total need-based and timely service, and this is why increasing numbers of students prefer to buy assignment online.

Latest Management Samples

BUS106 Marketing Principles For Designing And Production Of Boats

Download : 0 | Pages : 6

Answer: Introduction OzCo Boats is a family-owned boat building industry based in Coffs Harbour, situated in New South Wales has been operating since 1961. It builds high quality and luxury boats that are made from traditional material. In the current scenario of technological developments, they have to embrace innovative technologies to compete with its competitors and needs to transform its traditional methods of production. If it is contin...

Read More arrow

MBA502 Professional Workshop For Self Awareness And Work Performance

Download : 0 | Pages : 7
  • Course Code: MBA502
  • University: Kaplan Business School
  • Country: United States

Answer: Part one  Chosen topic- Self awareness (From workshop week 2) Activity name Description   Time needed   Expected Outcomes   Things to consider (instructions)   Expected barriers   1. Adjective game  This activity is about giving an adjective to own self and to others and then to see whether self given adjectives and the adjectives chosen by others ...

Read More arrow

BUSN20017 Communication In Business For Email And Employment Letter

Download : 0 | Pages : 9
  • Course Code: BUSN20017
  • University: Central Queensland University
  • Country: Australia

Answer: Introduction: Communication is used for the information transformation between different sources. It has different types such as verbal, non-verbal. There are many things to communicate for some purpose. Professionalism is require a better communication for fulfill the basic requirements in business. Business communication is playing a key role in a life of professional person for their professional work.     This essa...

Read More arrow

ACC202 Fair Value Accounting For Financial Assets And Economies

Download : 0 | Pages : 7

Answer: Fair Value Accounting Mark to Market or Fair value accounting shows the current price or the potential of the asset in the market. Assessment of fair value accounting is one to reflect economic reality in the corporate environment. The fair value shows the potential price in which the asset can be bought or sold in respect of the cash flows or the economic benefits flowing from the asset (Goh et al. 2015). The cons and pros of ap...

Read More arrow

BZ100 Introduction To Business And Management

Download : 0 | Pages : 4
  • Course Code: BZ100
  • University: Victoria University
  • Country: Australia

Answer: Learning from case study I was able to learn with the help of the case study that Telstra which is a provider of the mobile phones along with broadband internet focuses on strategies that help in protecting the community. The knowledge was gathered through the case study that getting involved with the local communities can help an organization in surviving within the competitive environment. The fostering of the inclusive communities ...

Read More arrow
Next
watch

Save Time & improve Grades

Just share your requirements and get customized solutions on time.

question
We will use e-mail only for:

arrow Communication regarding your orders

arrow To send you invoices, and other billing info

arrow To provide you with information of offers and other benefits

1,247,995

Orders

4.9/5

Overall Rating

5,068

Experts

Our Amazing Features

delivery

On Time Delivery

Our writers make sure that all orders are submitted, prior to the deadline.

work

Plagiarism Free Work

Using reliable plagiarism detection software, Turnitin.com.We only provide customized 100 percent original papers.

time

24 X 7 Live Help

Feel free to contact our assignment writing services any time via phone, email or live chat.

subject

Services For All Subjects

Our writers can provide you professional writing assistance on any subject at any level.

price

Best Price Guarantee

Our best price guarantee ensures that the features we offer cannot be matched by any of the competitors.

Our Experts

Assignment writing guide
student rating student rating student rating student rating student rating 5/5

1592 Order Completed

96% Response Time

Jane Sima

Ph.D in Psychology with Specialization in Industrial-Organizational Psychology

Singapore, Singapore

Hire Me
Assignment writing guide
student rating student rating student rating student rating student rating 5/5

755 Order Completed

95% Response Time

Douglas Cowley

Masters in Finance with Specialization in Audit

Wellington, New Zealand

Hire Me
Assignment writing guide
student rating student rating student rating student rating student rating 5/5

416 Order Completed

95% Response Time

Tyler Moore

MBA in Accounting

Washington, United States

Hire Me
Assignment writing guide
student rating student rating student rating student rating student rating 5/5

1692 Order Completed

98% Response Time

Alfred Dodd

PhD in Computer and Information Science with specialization in Database

Wellington, New Zealand

Hire Me

FREE Tools

plagiarism

Plagiarism Checker

Get all your documents checked for plagiarism or duplicacy with us.

essay

Essay Typer

Get different kinds of essays typed in minutes with clicks.

edit

GPA Calculator

Calculate your semester grades and cumulative GPa with our GPA Calculator.

referencing

Chemical Equation Balancer

Balance any chemical equation in minutes just by entering the formula.

calculator

Word Counter & Page Calculator

Calculate the number of words and number of pages of all your academic documents.

Refer Just 5 Friends to Earn More than $2000

Check your estimated earning as per your ability

1

1

1

Your Approx Earning

Live Review

Our Mission Client Satisfaction

I hope I get good mark! I hope I get good mark!I hope I get good mark!I hope I get good mark!I hope I get good mark!I hope I get good mark!

flag

User Id: 392150 - 08 Apr 2020

Australia

student rating student rating student rating student rating student rating

HANDED IN ON TIME THOUGH GAVE A VERY SHORT TIME TO DO SO. THE WORK WAS WELL DONE TOO!!

flag

User Id: 194216 - 08 Apr 2020

Australia

student rating student rating student rating student rating student rating

Always impecable work. I super reccoment this service to anyone. The quality of work and agile delivery are the high points.

flag

User Id: 396689 - 08 Apr 2020

Australia

student rating student rating student rating student rating student rating

this was an excellent assignment I cant understand how the assignments can differ in presentation, is it that some writers are trained and some are not.

flag

User Id: 315260 - 08 Apr 2020

Australia

student rating student rating student rating student rating student rating
callback request mobile
Have any Query?