Discuss about the Travel and Tourism in Society for Tourist Experience.
This study focuses on providing tourist experience by highlighting the scientific description of culture and people with their habits, customs and the mutual differences in Batam, Indonesia. Thus, this study covers the trip details and the literature review in regards to this study topic. Moreover, this study also analyses the destination, trip as well as the motivation with the help of the proper theories and models.
The Trip Itself
The major and the most important aspect of this trip is to be familiar with the culture, customs as well as the people of a certain place (Miller, 2016).
This trip was planned for visiting Batam in Indonesia, which is referred to the place of combination of island and municipality. It is an industrial boomtown, a part of a free trade zone and an emerging transport hub.
Figure 1: Geographical Map of Batam, Indonesia
(Source: Nahman, 2013)
Ferry has been chosen as the mode of transport to travel the Island, Batam from Singapore as the ferries are available almost in every hour and it takes 50 minutes to reach Batam.
The overall experience to travel Batam, Indonesia is good. The transport system from Singapore to Batam is well-available and comfortable enough. On the other hand, this island is a very good place to visit (Evans, Stonehouse & Campbell, 2012). There are several tourist spots located in Batam such as Sentosa, Waterfront City, Galang Island and many others.
Ethnography is study for the cultures as well as people, which is made in the systematic manner. It has been designed for exploring the cultural incidents where the researcher can make an observation regarding the society from the viewpoint of the subject of the study. According to the viewpoint of Hammersley, (2013), Ethnography was pioneered in the cultural, social as well as biological branches of anthropology as the presentation of the empirical data on the human cultures as well as societies. Howe, it is also famous in the social sciences in general. The ethnographic method is mainly utilized over the range of several distinct disciplines by primarily the anthropologists but also by the sociologists occasionally. According to Pink, (2013), Ethnography is the study of the socio-cultural aspects, meanings as well as the processes within the cultural systems. Ethnography is the iterative process to learn episodes and the process of continuing inquiries, making inferences as well as the process of discovery in the attempt for achieving the emic validity.
According to Street, (2014), the purpose of the Cultural?Systems?Paradigm?is for defining the concept of culture as well as the way through which the concept is utilized in the “Cultural Ecology of Health and Change” for better understanding the broad notions of well-being as well as human health. On the other hand, another purpose of the Cultural?Systems?Paradigm?is for informing the comprehensive approach to the CEHC program in the research of community assessment that is utilized for analyzing as well as collecting the community data that is utilized for informing the evaluation, implementation and the planning of CBIs.
Demographics of Batam
As per the ethnicity, Batam is heterogeneous in the Indonesian context as well as it is very diverse. Chinese, Minangkabau, Batak, Javanese as well as Malays are the predominant ethnicities. On the other hand, as per the religion, in Batam, Islam is the majority religion with the 74.25 % of the population, followed by the Buddhists, Christians and Hinduism. Malay origin are the native people of Batam (Spindler, 2014). It is still the Malayan Culture as well as Islam, even if Batam is multi-ethnic that forms the root of the local culture.
Application of the Literature to the Trip Experience
The Botam trip has helped in gathering huge experience in terms of Ethnography. In other words, this trip has helped in understanding the scientific description of culture and people with their habits, customs and the mutual differences in Batam, Indonesia (Pink, 2015)
. While people go for a trip in a different place then they can get the scope to come in touch with the culture by interacting with the local people of that particular spot. From the point of view of the ethnography, such a trip is always significant to the travelers to be familiar with the culture, customs as well as systems of the visiting place. Hence, this particular fact can be established with the help of the proper analysis of Cultural?Systems?Paradigm model, which has been discussed in the literature review.
Cultural? Systems? Paradigm?
The Cultural?Systems?Paradigm?is the prime conceptual framework or the attribute of the ethnography that is significant for both of the cultural and the social systems. Cultural?System?Paradigm?provides the framework in order to initiate the study. On the other hand, it also provides an effective paradigm to store the ethnographic data. Therefore, the boundaries of this particular framework are not rigid. Hence, in case of this Batam, this framework can easily provide the ethnographic view of this trip.
Figure 2: Cultural Systems Paradigm
(Source: Miller, 2016)
As per the Cultural?Systems?Paradigm, stories, values as well as the rituals are the major factor of this particular paradigm of Ethnography with the help of which, it would become very easier for the travelers to be attached with the people in the place where they are visiting. Hence, in case of the Batam trip, it is very important for the travelers to know the culture or to study the culture of that place. In order to do so, it is important to be very friendly with the people live in Batam. In batam, people are very religious (Nahman, 2013). Both of the ceremonies as well as the daily lives of the people in Batam have mythical as well as religious elements expressed in music, dance or other forms of art. Therefore, in this regard, it must be stated that the visitors must observe the local practices as well as customs while visiting Batam in Indonesia (Street, 2014).
The use of Cultural Systems Paradigm in order to analyze several social units of Batam as the cultural systems have made possible while these system have the few significant factors. These are as follows:
- The preferred social structures as well as relationships off Batam
- The preferred systems of idea as well as the patterns of behavior
- Valued as well as the other objects those have been synthesized with the help of the group
- The existence within the social as well as physical environments
- The shared sense of needs that the group attempts for meeting and
- The shared historical processes as well as events that the group members in the trip either know explicitly or are influenced by tacitly.
This study has a complete analysis of a tourist experience by highlighting the culture, habits of the people and some essential difference in Batam, Indonesia. According to this study, it can be concluded that it covers all the details of a trip in Batam, Indonesia. The culture of the Indonesia is discovered in this paper, and it includes a brief study of their transport system. They are moving many places such as Galang Island, Sentosa, Waterfront City, Singapore. However, the overall experience of this trip is concluded that Indonesia is much better than discovered other places.
Evans, N., Stonehouse, G., & Campbell, D. (2012). Strategic management for travel and tourism. Taylor & Francis.
Hammersley, M. (2013). What's wrong with ethnography?. Routledge.
Miller, K. (2016). The accidental carjack: Ethnography, gameworld tourism, and grand theft auto. Game Studies, 8(1), 147.
Nahman, M. (2013). Extractions: An ethnography of reproductive tourism. Springer.
Pink, S. (2013). Doing visual ethnography. Sage.
Pink, S. (2015). Mediated sensory ethnography: doing and recording sensory ethnography in a digital world.
Spindler, L. (2014). Interpretive ethnography of education at home and abroad. Psychology Press.
Street, B. V. (2014). Social literacies: Critical approaches to literacy in development, ethnography and education. Routledge.