Discuss about the TV Program and Pre Production.
Like all other audio visual programs, television programs also include three definite stages of production that are Pre-production, production and post production. The pre production is the activities that happen before the actual shooting stats inside the studio like the concept development, research, deciding upon the crew members and arranging properties and equipments. Now story boarding has also become a significant part of the pre production as these will help in the following stages greatly (Compesi 2015).
In the Production stage the script is materialized through shooting. This step is based on handing the actors or participants, crowd controlling, managing the shoot without any problems and resolving the problems immediately in the location. During this stage the directors and camera persons set the lights, decides the framings and focus on the aesthetic compositions. Now many programmers also shoot the B roll footages that will be utilized during the preparation of final product (Rav-Acha and Boiman 2016). The producer manages the program budget and coordinates among the technical and non technical units. He is also responsible for coordinating among the advertising agencies, talents and writers. The floor manager is a key person in the production stage at any TV station and gives the talents the time cues and manages any other unexpected occurrences on the set.
The set has to be built in which the talents will be performing. In a live television program there is a host. A camera person operates the camera and decides the zoom; pan and what types are shot to be taken. Various advanced cameras like SONY F55s WITH THE Old Cooke Panchros lens, Arri Alexa Mini with Canon K35 prime lense or Zeiss T2.1 prime lense or Arricam Lite with Leica Summilux-C Prime lens are used for high quality TV fiction programs however for multi-camera set up shooting floor live programs Hitachi’s 3-CCD ZZ-HD5000 camcorder or NEX-EA50EH and Ikegami HDK-77EC CMOS camera systems are getting more popularity (O'Falt 2017). For the live telecast there is a clock set in the front of the camera and a teleprompter that prompts the host or anchor or at time the actors what to tell.
Generally in television stations the post production occurs simultaneously with the production of the program. The post production is the final stage of giving the program a final shape that would be presented to the viewers. The footages are captured and then graphics, music, images, color correction and special effects are added in this stage. Editing software like Power Director, Final Cut Pro or Premier Pro is used by the industry experts (Leirpoll et al. 2017).
The Control Room
In the TV station the control room is the most significant area that managers the production and post production both. There is a technical director who decides and instructs which shots should finally be recorded as there are generally multiple cameras are actively recording the live program. The television director works hand in hand with the technical director in deciding the shots. Basically the director instructs the technical director and he directs the floor manager and camera operators. The assistant director keeps track of the time and the audio person who monitors the audio levels.
The Financial Aspect
Another key apart of the production of TV program is the budgeting as this helps to keep the expanses of the production under control. Prior to shooting, each step of the product must be listed and the cost should be considered so that it would be easier to account the cost at each step of the production (Sherman and Waterman 2016).
Compesi, R., 2015. Video field production and editing. CRC Press.
Leirpoll, J., Osborn, D., Murphy, P. and Edwards, A., 2017. Multi-Camera Editing. In The Cool Stuff in Premiere Pro (pp. 363-407). Apress, Berkeley, CA.
O'Falt, C. (2017). From ‘Black Mirror’ To ‘Westworld,’ Here Are The Cameras That Shot The Year’s Best TV Shows. [Online] Indiewire. Available At: Http://Www.Indiewire.Com/2017/08/Emmy-2017-Camera-Nominated-Cinematographers-1201868305/ [Accessed 27 Oct. 2017].
Rav-Acha, A. and Boiman, O., Magisto Ltd., 2016. Method and system for automatic B-roll video production. U.S. Patent 9,524,752.
Sherman, R. and Waterman, D., 2016. 22. The economics of online video entertainment. Handbook on the Economics of the Internet, p.458.