1. Regional Organisation NATO.
Peacekeeping is a progressive work, it is an adaptive and modernize process. It is a continuous process and changes are being made at the time of crisis as per the requirement of the situation.
Peace agreements provide security. The parties involve agree on the agreements. But there are Spoilers of the peace to break the conditions of security, by the means of violence (Diehl, 2013).
1. Regional Organisation NATO
The framework of NATO is based on regional security and peace. The focus is to understand that how various organizations such as NATO implement the provision of chapter VIII of UN Charter. The emergence of NATO increases the hope of peace and security. It highlights the relationship between regional organizations with the UN Security Council. It also deals with issues in regards to relationship between peace and justice.
NATO is not a regional organization in the language of UN Charter of chapter VIII. This is very clear by its treaty. But it behaves as regional organization. NATO’s new strategy was supportive to the organization. It was functioning beyond its traditional confines.
According to UN charter, SC is the only authority that is able to use the force legally in international relations. It did not affect the rights of self-defense. It was not affected even if some armed attack takes place. SC takes measures to maintain peace. As the result NATO was created. Its purpose was defensive. NATO was transmitted as a global security agency with its reach and influence worldwide (Swain, Amer and OÌˆjendal, 2008).
2. Second Generation to Third Generation Mission
Peace operation is a progressive activity. It is traced through five generation. The factors that lead to change in generation are the change in mission, requirement of military force, the UN attitude towards conflict and the conflict resolution format. The three main reasons dividing the generation are the force used in the operation, the connection of civilians and the failure of pervious security programs.
The second generation was developed to achieve many social and political objectives. In this generation peace seekers were civilian experts and peace specialists. Here soldiers were given authority to employ force rather than self-defense (Berdal, 2009).
The UN general assembly and SC were dead locked, after that they found some loops holes in the practice of second generation. For the first time international community took the responsibility of the functioning of the internal political structure. This led to the emergence of third generation.
The main objective of third generation was human security, human rights, to protect basic human needs, economic equality and political participation. It also tried to find out the main causes of conflicts. It focused on peace building activities (Thorne, 2013).
The peacekeepers should focus on improving nation’s peace operations. The suggestion is to recognize their present state. Peace operation that is not able to fulfill the security vacuums present in many peace keeping environments should be changed.
A better peace building activity is required for the provision of security — that focus on establishing the necessary bedrock upon which post-conflict states can be rebuilt (UNOSOM, 1995)
Berdal, M. (2009). Building peace after war. Abingdon [England]: Routledge.
Diehl, P. (2013). Peace Operations. Hoboken: Wiley.
Swain, A., Amer, R. and OÌˆjendal, J. (2008). Globalization and challenges to building peace. London: Anthem Press.
Thorne, A. (2013). Keeping the peace. [S.l.]: Crimson Romance.
UNOSOM, (1995). The Comprehensive Report on Lessons Learned from United Nations Operation in Somalia (UNOSOM). 1st ed. [ebook] Available at: https://www.peacekeepingbestpractices.unlb.org/PBPS/Library/UNOSOM.pdf [Accessed 9 Apr. 2015].