Discuss about the Writing In Response To Another Writer.
The article by Nissen shows us how to students pay for their studies at various universities and also there are some indirect expenditures in the world. Even the article of Kirschner shows that there are different styles of learning. The chosen article for this assignment is of Kirschner. We all are different from one another in many ways and there are different preferences in terms of music, food and learning also (Kirschner and Merriënboer, 2013). Due to this lots of students and their parents or their mentor or the teachers feel that it is somewhat right to say that because everybody is different therefore the teaching style also has to be tailor made. Is this an issue? The answer is simple – yes! There are lots of issues with the kind of learning styles and their perceptions. First of all there are lots of difference among the manner in which anybody wants to learn and the possible way in which effective learning happens. One more thing to be kept in mind is that a preference for the approach to studying is not to be a learning style (Kirschner, 2017).
Truth or a myth
However, as per my understanding it is a mistake in idea that people learn in a better way when the training and guidance received is tailored and it is in a preferred style of learning. It is important for a teacher to match his Way of teaching to the learning style of the students.
Looking at the idea given by this article, parents prefer to beleive that their kids are receiving a tailored education (Robinson, 2012). And even teachers are happy to think that they recognise the needs of children and many teachers get motivated to look for more regarding fulfilment of their students. This is because nobody prefers to think of themselves to be lesser in ability. No teacher would accept that his teaching style is not good rather they would think that the class was difficult.
Evidence to support this learning idea
There is very less evidence however the professionals on this topic state that lots of these evidences are very weak. Very convincing proof of learning styles reflect that individuals of a specific preferred learning style got to learn more when they were provided with learning in their preferred way. Although a separate group with distinct preferences got better understanding from the same material when they were being provided by learning in a favourable manner yet a few studies of this kind have shown support for learning styles. It can be said that both of these groups performed better than learning was given by a specific styles (Li, Kravcik, Popescu, Huang, Kinshuk, & Chen, 2016). This is right because even though everybody is different, generally the highly effective way for learning is as per the kind of material and not on the preferences. When the study material is in a simple way then learning becomes easier.
Other issues related with this myth
One more issue that is there is that there are so many probable manners of describing peoples preferred style of learning. An individual might feel that he lands in a better way, by visuals in spite of any verbal teaching, but his performance might show something different. The reality is that the prediction is not based on the match between learning style and teaching style rather it is based on the past performance of the students.
Is it right to give up tailoring of teaching styles?
No, the tailoring of teaching styles should not be given up completely, because people are generally not clear of the teaching style that is highly suitable for them. Since there is very less evidences available for the advantages of matching the preferred learning style with the teaching style therefore it cannot be said that there isn't much scope of tailoring the teaching style for better learning. Taking an example, as pointed out by Kirschner and Merrienboer, there is proof that the people who are nervous they learn in a better way by looking at examples and proofs rather people who have experience they learn more by resolving issues on their own(Peterson, Rayner & Armstrong, 2009). There has been one more research showing the way in which learning is made better almost by everyone, by combination of various activities like passive studies being joined by drawings.
Removal of this harmful myth
Lots of leading professionals have a belief that myth of the preferred style of learning is not merely a misconception rather it is bringing problems. This way the teachers are encouraged to teach the students intellectual strains and not their weaknesses. Students have to improve and take care of their weaknesses rather than avoiding them. Lot of training programs and learning style questionnaires are very costly.
As per him the urge has been made to researchers for spreading that learning style is a myth. This paper critically states three unsupported concepts of education on particular learning approaches, digital native and learners have the capacity of making themselves educated through Internet (Hopnt & Joniper, 2016). This paper focuses on the learning style minutes and it is also stated that learning styles are not scientifically evidenced. These non-– evidenced statements are:
- Learners have a particular style of learning that has to be catered to for efficient learning
- Learners have a style which has to be recognised for instructions to be tailor-made.
- Learners know about their particular learning style and this determination of style can be done in a reliable and valid manner (Kirschner and Gerhart, 2005)
Even though the learners are different from each other in many man hours still it doesn't mean that all these differences have to be considered while making the learning material. In this article there have been different references to different studies however the floors of these notions have been discussed.
In conclusion, rather than going onto the bandwagon of taking care of the instructions for learning styles, it should be seen that the scientific proofs have to be evaluated(Price, 2004). There are various scientific studies which need evidences or else those studies should be adopted which clearly have scientific proofs.
Hopnt, M., & Joniper, K. (2016). Web page Content to-from Learning Style of Learner’s Learning Style. Journal Of Engineering Technology, 6(2), 86-96. https://dx.doi.org/10.21859/jet-06027
Kirschner, M., & Gerhart, J. (2005).The plausibility of life. New Haven: Yale University Press.
Kirschner, P. A., & van Merriënboer, J. J. (2013). Do learners really know best? Urban legends in education. Educational psychologist, 48(3), 169-183.
Kirschner, P. A. (2017). Stop propagating the learning styles myth. Computers & Education, 106, 166-171.
Li, Y., Chang, M., Kravcik, M., Popescu, E., Huang, R., Kinshuk, & Chen, N. (2016).State-of-the-art and future directions of smart learning. Singapore: Springer.
Peterson, E., Rayner, S., & Armstrong, S. (2009). Researching the psychology of cognitive style and learning style: Is there really a future?.Learning And Individual Differences, 19(4), 518-523.
Price, L. (2004). Individual Differences in Learning: Cognitive control, cognitive style, and learning style. Educational Psychology, 24(5), 681-698.
Robinson, N. (2012). Learning to Show and Tell Capitalist Style.International Studies Review, 14(1), 185-186.