This context entails a brief analysis and review of the examination pertaining to the relationships existing in between the ER and the provided lexica developments. These are aspects that are particularly based in the 15 empirical studies in the described context. This topic entails a disclosure of the theoretical implications of the studies of empirical nature. There is an attempt in synthesizing the provided subjects’ in order to study them and thus the 15 empirical studies are deemed to be portrayed in the ER in relation to the vocabulary incorporation. There is a unique form of categorizing of the given studies and thus results into splitting of the several groups for easier understanding.
The results are the outcomes also known as the findings and are conceptualized from the entire discussion pertaining to the given categories. There are certain matters that are to be incorporated in the entire study and thus the studies deemed to be empirical on the ER and the lexical knowledge development is supposed to adhere to the criteria as mentioned in these points:
A proper documentation has to be done as it relates to the well acknowledged publishers and these includes the TESOL, Quarterly and Reading in a given in the foreign language.
The journals are well acknowledged and have unique content as it pertains to the quality of work and the research done.
The entire scope of work analyses the implication as it relates to the scope and research conducted on the field of TESOL.
The study main purpose is to conduct an investigation that will assist in the understanding of the ER in the field of ESL/EFL main contexts. The other language contexts are not put into consideration given that the study is self-centered and focuses on one area.
The main participants of the exercise are known to be the students in the level of college or in other institutions such as the universities. It has been regarded as relevant to the goal of the literature review and the given specification with the EFL OR ESL teachers.
Immediately following the determination of the circumstance that is fixed the researcher has undertaken the exercise of searching the relevant studies that closely interact with the topics tht are in the syllabus. The university library has a storage that allows access to the data base in the first case because there are many type of the database given titles in the form of the electronic. The lecturer is supposed to find the most important title and this is allowed after suggesting the most crucial information such as the LLBA and ERIC. The research is found after browsing the data after consultation with the supervisor to enhance that the articles of research are in regards to the literature review project that is supposed to be conducted.
The step by step procedure entails:
- The researcher makes a decision on the major topic for the purpose of literature review by incorporation of vocabulary knowledge. The proposal is made in regards to the proficiency of the English language and its development.
- The researcher collects all the data that is crucial for the 15 research articles. There is consideration of the two major sources of database which are LLBA/ ERIC. The moment the user enters the key word such as ER the results of the article are seen on the dashboard.
- There is quick scanning through the reading on the 25 studies; the quick reading or rather the suitable screening is carried out in order to check compliance and conformity to the 25 studies. The supervisor provides the directions as what is following in the comprehensive deep analysis.
- Annotated bibliography, the researcher is subject to deliver an annotated bibliography that relates to deep comprehending of the articles.
- The data is analyzed and the process of finding the suitable pattern and the way to figure it out with consideration of how the vocabulary has been improved with the use of ER.
Data analysis is the last and it entails a proper and provided way of analyzing the data on the ER basis and then classifying into the classifications of the weak impact, moderate, and significant.
This is research that entails using an English language as a suitable medium where the instructions can be relayed. The parts that are deemed to benefit from the use of the EMI are in universities and where the language is applied as a second language. There are facilities for studying as well as the books journals and research papers that are in the form of English used in the study. There is familiarity of the language among many countries which is the reason behind the relevant and common aspect.
The focus is entirely on examination of the relationships between the ER and development of the lexical which is based on the empirical studies. The application of ER in text prediction is a skill that is used in the wide variety among the students in composing their independent work. The capability to develop the prediction skill is regarded as important and it alleviates the need to have the general understanding of the entire texts.
The fact that the language is used for the purpose of educating learners is referred to as the medium of instruction. I have highlighted the suitable languages that can be used for the purpose of learning and entails: Spanish language, Arabic, German and French and the English language. The aspect of cultural diversities has the challenges associated with language barrier hence there is need to use the various mediums to communicate effectively. Interaction among the teaching and non-teaching staff with the students is cumbersome and this brings the need for having the MOI in place. Conformity with the relevant rules and regulations is made suitable by using the necessary language that is understood.
There is globalization of the university education where the foreigners are able to acquire the same services from other countries and common standards are adhered. There is internalization applicable to most of the countries and thus there is emphasis on the key areas like the information technology and trade as well as the economics. The gaining of prominence and the popularity is enhanced. People have increased the interaction beyond borders and thus encouraging the social interaction and mutual understanding.
The English implementation has become a global issue and it has promoted dispute resolution among people from different diversities. The universities provide a platform for coming together in order to pursue courses together from all over the world without geographical limitations. English language has prevailed over the others in that it is incorporated in the research papers and academic works. The field of politics, science and business has regarded the language to be the best where it has been recognized. The international market is also invaded by graduates from all over the world who are able to interact and understand what is happening. The Bologna process is the one that approved the movement of students from one continent to the other in search for knowledge.
The establishment of this enactment took place in the 1999 where it encompassed a total of 47 countries. The countries that use the language as their mother tongue are currently sending students outside through the globalization to pursue other courses in further studies. Europe has a wide basis for use of the English language and thus it makes lingua franca commonly used in the region. The students are globalized and made to think in a wider perspective and thus be adequately prepared for the global market. The instructions are easily given by using the language and in collaboration to the strategies that are incorporated in organization environment of the students. The upgrading of the diploma has never been easier before with the introduction of the Bologna process.