The era of the 1920s started on 1st January 1920 and the era ended on the date of 31st December of 1929. This particular era in the countries of the North America is known as the era of “Jazz age” or the era of “Roaring twenties”. However, in the countries of the Europe, the same era used to be referred as the “Golden age twenties” and the reason behind this was the economic boom of the post-World War I. The speakers and the intellectuals form the France refer the era as "Années folles" because of the importance of that era’s cultural, artistic and social dynamism. The prosperity of the economic experienced during years 1950s and 1990s was almost similar form the viewpoint of nature that many countries experienced in the year of 1920. In the global affairs, prosperity of the each period was resulted because of the paradigm shift. Many political movements that were radical, was emerged in many countries during this period of time. The result of the October revolution was the spreading of communism. In addition, the victory of the Bolshevik in the civil war that happened in Russia also pushed the spreading of the communism. The spreading of the communism gave birth to the fascism. Many economical problem was the reason of rising of many dictators in the region of Eastern Europe. In the year of 1929 there was a devastating major crash happened in wall street and this incident is often viewed as the end of the era of the prosperity that happened in 1920s in the continents of Europe and North America.
The 1920, which is also known as the roaring twenties was the reason behind bringing many novels and highly visible trends that were related to the social and cultural. Prosperity, which was sustained by the economic condition, was the reason of these trends and they were visible mostly in the cities like Paris, Chicago, New York, London and Berlin. The most important part of this era was the vast adaption of the telephones, automobiles, radio, motion pictures and electricity including the major growth in the industry. The significant changes were clearly visible to the lifestyle and the culture of the people. In this era, the media started focusing on the events related to sports, celebrities, movie stars and super heroes.
This era was the witness of many wars and politics. Few wars that took place in this era was independence war of the Turkish which includes many small wars such as Greco-Turkish War, Turkish–Armenian War, Franco-Turkish War, Royalist and separatist revolts. All these war took place between the years 1919 to the year 1923. Another important war happened in Saudi Arabia and the purpose of the war was unification. This Great War included several small wars and those are the war of Rashidi-Saudi, Kuwait-Saudi, Hejaz-Saudi, Transjordan-Saudi, All these wars took place between the years 1903 and ended in the year of 1924. Other important wars are – wars of Polish-Soviet war (1919-1922) and the independence war of the Ireland, which took place between the year 1919 and 1921.
In the era of 1920, many important facts happened in the fields of politics. Some of the important events are - United States prohibited the use of alcohol in the year 1919 and this lead the rise of many gangs and organized crime in the cities of United States. US also passed the immigration act in the year 1924. In that era, the sport baseball emerged and was the most popular sport. In the continent of the Europe, in the year 1922, the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics was formed. Benito Mussolini, who was the leader of Fascist party, became Italy’s prime minister. Benito Mussolini was the first person to create the first government, which was Fascist. In this era, Adolf Hitler was imprisoned and during his sentence, he wrote his autobiography Mein Kampf. Some of the famous world leaders that emerged during this era was Joseph Stalin, Benito Mussolini, Vladimir Lenin, Mustafa Kemal Ataturk and others.
The economic boom, which happened in this era ended because of the crash at the Wall Street. The stock market crash happened in the year of 1929. Average of the inflation that was calculated annually for this decade was almost zero.
There was not much of any major natural disaster, which took place during this era. However, an earthquake with a huge magnitude took place in the Japanese island in the year of 1923. The name of the island was Honshu and the name of the earthquake was Great Kanto earthquake.
Many assassinations took place during this era including many attempt for assassination. The first assassination that happened was in the year of 1922. Three persons assassinated Germany’s foreign minister, Walther Rathenau. The name of the three persons are Erwin Kern, Herman Willibald Fischer and Ernst Werner Techow. Another major assassination that happened was the assassination of the Revolutionary general of the Mexico. His name was Francisco "Pancho" Villa. The assassination took place in the year 1923.
Science and technology had major advancements during this era. John Logie Baird first introduced color television in the year 1928. The famous movie producers Warner Brothers produced the first film with use of soundtrack in the movie in the year 1926. The cathode ray tube was invented and later became commercial in the year 1897 by the scientist Karl Ferdinand Braun. Jacob Schick applied for the patent for the first razor, which was electric in 1928. The frozen food process was invented by Clarence Birdseye in 1925. One of the major discoveries that happened during this era was the invention of the drug penicillin by the famous doctor and pharmacist Alexander Fleming in 1928.
The era is known as the era of jazz thus, music and dance everything was influenced by the jazz music. The musicians Joe Venuti and Eddie Lang did the introduction of the guitar along with violin in the jazz music. In the city of Detroit, the radio station, which was first commercial station, went on the air in 1920. This era marks the beginning of the famous surrealist movement.
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