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Oir Conjugation In The Present Tense And The Present Subjunctive, Using Plenty Of Real-Life

Referencing Styles : Harvard | Pages : 1

“Oir” is a verb word in Spanish which means “to hear” which means to refer to the sounds we hear or perceive, as opposed to what we listen to. Everyone who has learned Spanish knows that one of the biggest challenges is to puzzle out all the Spanish verb conjugations.

Learning verb conjugation becomes important it enables us to describe many events and situations in the very most accurate way. The conjugation is the process of changing a verb form so that it agrees with its subject. For example: let’s change the subject of the following sentence:  A tense is a form of the verb that specifies when the action happens. Similar to the English language, there are 3 simple tenses in Spanish: present, past, and future. But, in both English and Spanish, there are also the compound tenses, such as present continuous or past perfect.

 I have a book

Monica has a book

The conjugate “have” with the new subject, we need to transform it into “has”. The particular ending of the verb shows who is performing the action and indicates when the action occurs. The concept of Spanish verb conjugation is very similar to that in English. In Spanish, a verb ending changes in agreement with tense, person and number. According to the Spanish conjugation rules, different forms of the verb are created by removing the infinitive ending such as –ar, -er or –ir, and replacing it with the required ending that specifies who is performing an action depending on the used tense and mood (indicative, subjunctive or imperative).

Present Indicative of Oír

With the present indicative (usually called 'present tense') we can talk about our habits or routines, or we can simply mention facts. So with the present of oíryou might say that you can hear the TV playing in the background while you cook, or that you can hear the river from your house.

Oír is an irregular verb, so pay attention to the spelling in every form. Notice that the “I” from the stem becomes y in some of the forms. This is to avoid having three vowels together.

Examples of Oír in the Present Indicative

Daniela lives in Madrid, the capital city of Spain. Although she likes her city, she says it can be quite stressful sometimes.

Oímos el tráfico y las sirenas con frecuencia. (We often hear the traffic and the sirens.) Desde mi casa oigo los trenes llegando a la estación. (From my house, I hear the trains arriving at the station.)

Mis abuelos oyen el canto de los pajaros cuando se depietan. (My grandparents hear the birds singing when they wake up).

Me encanta pasar tiempo allí. (I love spending time there.)

Cuando oigo el río y los sonidos de la naturaleza me siento muy relajada. (When I hear the river and the nature sounds I feel very relaxed.)

But Daniela has a light sleep and she wakes up quite easily during the night:

Hay tanto silencio que me despierto desde que oigo un ruido. (There is much silence that I wake up as soon as I hear a noise).

Sin embargo, mi abuelo dice que no oye nada en toda la noche. (However, my grandfather says he doesn't hear anything all night.)

 The types of Spanish infinitives

The infinitive is a non-conjugated verb as no specified subject is found. The infinitives come with the word “to”. In order to understand better the English verb conjugation looks like:

To write –they write

To speak –they speak or she speaks

To read- we read

To be- I am

To have- he has

With comparison to English initiatives, the Spanish initiatives consist of only one word. As it is mentioned above, all the initiatives in Spanish have one of the following ending –ir, -er or –ar. For example:

Leer- to read

Hablar- to speak

Escribir- to write

Tener- to have

Estar/ser- to be

In order to conjugate an infinitive, the final two letters and add the appropriate endings.

The performer of the Verb

When conjugating verbs in Spanish, is identifying who’s performing the action. There are around 8 possible subject pronouns:


Singular

Plural

First person

yo

nosotros, nosotras

Second person (informal)

vosotros, vosotras

Second person (formal)

usted

ustedes

Third person

él, ella

ellos, ellas

 

 Although there are 8 possible performers, there are only 6 forms of Spanish verb conjugation. Pay attention that él/ella and usted as well as ellos/ellas and ustedes have the same forms

The types of moods in Spanish

The mood refers as a grammatical category that is devoted to the different way in which the action of the verb can be expressed. In Spanish, there are 3 moods, indicative, subjunctive and imperative. Each of them have different function and can be conjugated except the imperative into different tenses.

The imperative mood is used to give commands and tell someone to do something in a direct manner.

The indicative mood is used to talk about actions, events, or states that are solid facts or believed to be true. It’s the most commonly used mood, so in this article, we’ll use examples of indicative conjugation.

The subjunctive mood is used to describe reactions and express emotions or feelings. It’s used more commonly in Spanish than in English.

 

Oir conjugation (to hear/listen to)

Present

Preterite

oigo

oímos

oímos

oyes

oís

oíste

oísteis

oye

oyen

oyó

oyeron

oye

oyen

oyó

oyeron

 

Subject
Pronoun

Present
Indicative

Pronunciation

Translation

yo

oigo

(OY-goh)

I hear

oyes

(OH-yays)

you hear

él/ella
usted

oye

(OH-yay)

he/she hears -
you (formal) hear

nosotros/
nosotras

oímos

(oh-EE-mohs)

we hear

vosotros/
vosotras

oís

(oh-EES)

you all hear

ellos/ellas
ustedes

oyen

(OH-yayn)

they hear
you all hear

 

The present subjunctive

 

Subject Pronoun

Present Indicative

Present Subjunctive

yo

oigo

oiga

oyes

oigas

él/ella usted

oye

oiga

nosotros/ nosotras

oímos

oigamos

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