The type of a chemical element that demonstrates the different properties of the categories of Metals and few Nonmetals are known as the metalloids. For metalloids it has been noticed that there is no ordinary form of definition to explain the characteristics of the metalloids. The Metalloid is a chemical based element that possesses certain characteristics that are applicable due to the mixture of both metals and nonmetals. There is a specific position of the metalloids in the periodic table that has been set only for defining the metalloids having clear metallic properties and nonmetallic properties. These are the elements that lie with the properties between the nonmetals and the metals. There is specifically no standard term in the agreement to define such characteristics and the lack of specification the term metalloids is been used in the concepts of the chemistry.
The classification categorizes certain elements that are considered as the ,metalloids. This category includes the elements like the Boron, silicon, arsenic, germanium, tellurium, antimony and polonium which are generally known as the metalloids in the periodic table. There are some special cases where the scientists or the chemistry authors and literates may also term selenium, astatine, aluminum, and carbon in the classes of the metalloids. But these elements are not very common in the use of the periodic tables.
There has been no significant reason that has been provided by the authors of chemistry on the basic differences in the classification. The definitions fir the metalloids are generally unambiguous in nature. The nature of the metalloids also states that the metalloids generally tend to be the semiconductors. One of the metalloids that us the silicon is one of the very commonly known example of the semiconductor. Generally all the microchips and also the microprocessors are made of the silicon that is the semiconductor and also lie in the category of the metalloids.
Metalloids tend to be semiconductors; silicon is the best known example of a semiconductor. Most microchips and microprocessors are made with silicon. This is the reason why the metalloids are also known as the semimetals.
The six metalloids or the elements which are the tellurium, antimony, germanium, arsenic, silicon and boron are considered to be vital materials that are usable in the field of the industrial processes. They are mainly used in the manufacturing of the transistors and the semiconductor materials and devices. They are also used in the manufacturing of the ceramics, polymers and solar based batteries.
The common metalloids and their uses are as follows:
· Boron: The semimetal is utilised as the fuel igniters in the rocket. It is also utilized in the pyrotechnic flares. The boron has an effect which helps to create a distinctive green colour in the flames. The boron mainly consists of the boric acid, borax and boric oxide. The boron are also used in the eye drops and is a key ingredient in the manufacturing of the washing powders and, mild antiseptics. The materials that are used for glazing the retiles and marbles are also made by the boron.
· Silicon: the silicon is used widely as a semiconductor in the field of the solid state devices for the computers and also the micro electronics industry. Few amounts of the silicon is dropped along with the amounts of boron, phosphorous, gallium for gaining control over the electrical properties.
· Germanium: the use of germanium is largely based on the industry that is based on the semiconductor. The semiconductors that are useful for the manufacturing of the electronic devices are made by the germanium. The germanium is also used for the manufacturing if the alloys and also in the fluorescent lamps that are used as phosphor.
· Arsenic: the element is used for the manufacturing of the insecticides and the materials for wood preservation. They are also used after merging with the Gallium as a semiconductor that is used in the laser of the diodes and also the LEDs.
· Antimony: the alloy of the antimony that makes the lead’s nature more stronger are generally used in the batteries, sheathing of the cables, metals with low frictions and flameproof materials.
· Tellurium: it is used in the manufacturing of the blasting caps and is also used as the chill control for the for the cast iron.
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