country
$20 Bonus + 25% OFF
Securing Higher Grades Costing Your Pocket? Book Your Assignment at The Lowest Price Now!
Add File

Error goes here

Definition Of Et Al: What Does Et Al Take The Place Of? When Should Et Al Be Used

Referencing Styles : Harvard | Pages : 1

Definition of Et Al 

  • Et al is the short form for Latin phrase et alia, which indicates ‘and others’. Et alia is the neuter plural. Et al is also used as an abbreviation for et alii, which is the masculine plural and et alaie, which is considered to be the feminine plural. According to the common perceptions, et al indicates the other contributors like that of the authors, editors among others. According to the rules and regulations, there needs to be a period after et al. for expressing that it is an abbreviation. The usage of et al is under much debate and confusion. Typical usage indicates two or more names, preceded by a comma. This is in case where the name of only one person is listed.
  • Punctuation is one of the aspects, which maintains clarity in the use of et al. However, confusion still persists in the Latin usage. This is because of the three ways in which it can be written depending on the references to either masculine, feminine or neuter.
  • One of the other confusions related to the use of et al is its appropriateness. According to some of the language critics, et al should be used only for reference to the people. However, et al is also used for describing other things also.
  • Most commonly the use of et al is found in the scholarly write ups for averting the reference to a number of authors in bibliography or footnote. According to the Latin observations found in the English have attained commonality in the speeches. Typical example of this lies in i.e, which stands for that is. The rest of the Latin expressions are used in the speeches, however, it seems out of place. Reference can also be cited of ibid, which is used for referring to ‘in the same place’.

What does 'et al' take the place of?

Et al. is used in a sentence in place of ‘and’ or ‘between the authors’. Here, using parenthesis is the symbol for using et al. From the second instances, only the authors’ initials are used along with et al. As a matter of specification, et al is a substitution for the inclusions within a sentence. In the dictionary, the words, which appear closer to et al are etagere, e-tail, etain blue, et alia, etalon, eta meson and others. The alternative forms of et al is & al. Distinctions in the use of et al is sometimes ignored in the casual cases. The abbreviations are synonymously used in accordance to the context in which it is used.

  • Period after et al

Al is considered to the short form for alia and consists of various forms of expression in the process of writing styles. The period indicates its usage as an abbreviation. According to the Latin meaning, et al signifies ‘and’, which nullifies the need for period. In spite of the Latin origin, there is no need for italics. If the example of blogs are considered, then et al is used as follows in the APA style in case of the blogs:

  • Et al is not to be used until and unless there is more than two authors
  • For citing the sources consisting of three to five authors, all of the authors are to be listed in the first citation. If the same source is used more than once, then the expression stands like: name of the first author and et al.
  • In case of the references with 6 authors, the in-text citations are like name of the first author and et al

When should et al be used in MLA style? 

If a source has more than three authors, only the first authors’ last name is given and the rest is expressed as et al in the process of in-texting. This is also followed in the presentation of the reference list in the MLA style. For example, when electronic sources are to be used, et al is used after the end of the sentence for indicating the works presented by the authors.
4. Do you use et al in reference list? 

No, I do not use et al in the reference list. Instead, I use et al while making in-text citations for indicating my acknowledgement for the sources referred. However, I ensure the fact that all of the authors are referred, whose works I am using in my research project.

  • Difference between et al and etc

Etc refers to the list of things and et al refers to the list of authors. Etc is used in both formal and informal writing. On the contrary, et al is mostly seen in the bibliography of the projects. Etc is the abbreviation for et cetera, which means ‘and the rest’. It is used when reference is being made to a number of things. For examples, I will buy vegetable, fruits, chocolate, pastries etc from the supermarket while returning home.

  • Other examples of et al.

When a group of students are assigned a project, they use et al for producing their academic writing. This usage is expressed at two places, one in the in-text citations and in the reference list or works cited.

  • Et alibi- It is considered to be one of the other forms of et al. It is less frequently used in the speeches. Alibi refers to the evidence, which helps in detecting the culprit. Therefore, et alibi means ‘elsewhere’, which do not appear in the list. Mention can be made of William Trollope, who used et alibi to indicate that Greek phrases occur not only in the chapters of Mark but also in the Bible.
  • Personal uses- When narrating about the experiences, students can use et al for referring to the places they visited, foods, which they had and the hotels in which they stayed by using et al.
  • Rules for writing et al

    • Et al needs to be used with all of the in-text citations. This is to make the references shorter and easier to absorb. Along with the authors, et al can also be used for referring to the characters of a novel or a book.
    • After the last dissimilar author, et al can also be used. In case of the sources having different authors, the rule of et al is different. Where there are more than three authors, Oxford comma is used. This comma needs to be determined whether to use a comma before et al. There are some confusion regarding this usage of comma. The number of authors need to be differentiated by et al.
    • If there are less than three authors, et al. is not to be used.
    • Subsequent citations are expressed by et al for referring to the other authors.
    • Et al can be used formally for incorporating the citations within the emails. However, et al cannot be used in the everyday speech.
    • Et al. cannot be used with the salutations.
    • In case of the formal signature, et al cannot be used, as it refers to a group of people.
    • Et al. would not be followed by a first person pronoun, as it signifies several group of people at one point of time.
    • Sometimes, a comma can be used before et al, but it is not necessary. However, insertion of period before et al is a must. This is irrespective of whether the sentence is ending or not.
    • Ellipses need to be used for indicating that the quotation does not completely reproduce the original expression.

Solutions

OR

MyAssignmenthelp.com has become one of the top class MBA essay writing services in the USA. Students prefer hiring our essay writing service as we provide affordable services. Despite delivering services at a cheap rate, we never compromise with the quality of our services. We render best quality essay help on more than 100 subjects. Students prefer hiring us, as we deliver solutions on time and have provisions to assist them with fast assignment solutions. Hence, with continuous support from students, we have become one of the top essay writing companies.

Save Time & improve Grade

Just share requirement and get customized Solution.

watch
question
We will use e-mail only for:

arrow Communication regarding your orders

arrow To send you invoices, and other billing info

arrow To provide you with information of offers and other benefits

Add File

Error goes here

1,545,015

Orders

4.9/5

Overall Rating

5,108

Experts

Our Amazing Features

delivery

On Time Delivery

Our writers make sure that all orders are submitted, prior to the deadline.

work

Plagiarism Free Work

Using reliable plagiarism detection software, Turnitin.com.We only provide customized 100 percent original papers.

time

24 X 7 Live Help

Feel free to contact our assignment writing services any time via phone, email or live chat. If you are unable to calculate word count online, ask our customer executives.

subject

Services For All Subjects

Our writers can provide you professional writing assistance on any subject at any level.

price

Best Price Guarantee

Our best price guarantee ensures that the features we offer cannot be matched by any of the competitors.

Our Experts

Assignment writing guide
student rating student rating student rating student rating student rating 5/5

1265 Order Completed

97% Response Time

James Cook

Masters in Management

Wellington, New Zealand

Hire Me
Assignment writing guide
student rating student rating student rating student rating student rating 4/5

1309 Order Completed

100% Response Time

Gemmie Chen

MSc in Nursing

Singapore, Singapore

Hire Me
Assignment writing guide
student rating student rating student rating student rating student rating 5/5

184 Order Completed

96% Response Time

Arapera Billing

Masters in Management, MMgt

Wellington, New Zealand

Hire Me
Assignment writing guide
student rating student rating student rating student rating student rating 5/5

2632 Order Completed

100% Response Time

Albert Ambrosio

MSc in Nursing

London, United Kingdom

Hire Me

FREE Tools

plagiarism

Plagiarism Checker

Get all your documents checked for plagiarism or duplicacy with us.

essay

Essay Typer

Get different kinds of essays typed in minutes with clicks.

edit

GPA Calculator

Calculate your semester grades and cumulative GPa with our GPA Calculator.

referencing

Chemical Equation Balancer

Balance any chemical equation in minutes just by entering the formula.

calculator

Word Counter & Page Calculator

Calculate the number of words and number of pages of all your academic documents.

Refer Just 5 Friends to Earn More than $2000

Check your estimated earning as per your ability

1

1

1

Your Approx Earning

Live Review

Our Mission Client Satisfaction

An efficient writing assignment service that comes at a reasonable price. It will never let you down. Very satisfied with the service.

flag

User Id: 312798 - 18 Jan 2021

Australia

student rating student rating student rating student rating student rating

Very fast work and really academic. The proffessor not using very professional words in case that will cause some problems with us. The assignment satisfy all the requirement! It\'s cost-effective!

flag

User Id: 581460 - 18 Jan 2021

Australia

student rating student rating student rating student rating student rating

Great service with friendly staff. they prepare good solutions in a fair period of time. recommended.

flag

User Id: 444979 - 18 Jan 2021

Australia

student rating student rating student rating student rating student rating

Thank You very much for the help. You guys are really amazing. Looking forward to working with you soon.

flag

User Id: 272706 - 18 Jan 2021

Australia

student rating student rating student rating student rating student rating
Definition Of Et Al: What Does... has been added in your library.
callback request mobile
Have any Query?