Executive order 9066 was presidential executive order of the United States. This order was signed and issued during the World War || by the president of the United States Franklin D. Roosevelt on February 19, 1942. This order has allowed the war secretary to prescribe certain zones as military areas for clearing the way for the incarceration of the Japanese Americans, Italian Americans and German Americans in the concentration camps of U.S. This order has given power to the Army to force people to relocate to one of the ten internment camps around the United States. The order has also authorized transferring these citizens to different assembly centres which has been set up and governed by the military of Arizona, California, Oregon and Washington State. The similar executive order was also applied to smaller numbers of residents of the United States who were German or Italian residents. 3200 Italian background residents were arrested and above 300 people were interned. On the other hand, 11,000 people of normal citizens and also from the German residents were arrested and 5000 of them were interned. Although the people from German and Italian residents had suffered severe civil liberties violation but the measure during the war time that was applied to the Japanese people residing in America were sweeping and worse as their entire community was uprooted from their original homes and were forced to settle in the camps and stables termed as their temporary houses.
Initially, the Japanese families were asked to evacuate their houses on their own. Eventually, they did not have any option but were forced to leave their homes. 120,000 people from Japan were sent to stay in the internment camps. Half the people were Nisei second generation or Nisei, which means that most of them were born in United States or were citizens of U.S. People of Japan living in the barracks faced too many difficulties. They were dislocated from their homes and were forced to live in the temporary housing before the structuring of the internment camps. Temporary houses does not necessarily mean houses, they were even forced to sleep in the horse stables. Although the barracks were miserable but they were forced to settle down temporarily in large barracks and eat in the massive mess halls. Children were asked to attend the schools in barrack whereas the adults and the parents worked at unskilled tasks where they earned only 5 dollar a day.
President Roosevelt in December 1944 rescinded the Executive Order 9066 and in the next six months, the internment camps were closed and the internees were released. After living there for 3 years, the Japanese people realised that they cannot return to their pre-war homes. Countless Anti-Japanese people were prevented from going back to their normal lives and start business after the end of World War ||. On the other hand, none of the internees were ever charged with a crime against the United States. They were not given the rights to even appeal their circumstances. During the course of World War || only ten people were convicted for helping the Japanese government. None of the them were actually descendants of the Japanese families. These facts shows the injustice happened to the Japanese internment during the war. Due to the Japanese internment, it is calculated that the internees because of their property damage lost 1 billion dollar and 3 million dollar income. In the year 1948, Congress passed the Japanese American Evacuation Act of 1948 that made little claims payments for their loss of money due to property damage.
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