Beside the river of Nile, there was a region Nubia. The history of Nubia can be marked from c. 2000 BCE to the modern day. It was close to the Egypt culturally and the regions have some period of war and peace. Two main regions were consisted in Nubia along with the river Nile from Aswan to Khartoum. The Nubia from upper class sat within second and the sixth cataracts of the river Nile. In modern days, it is known as Central Sudan. The Nubia from the lower class sat within the First and Second cataracts of the river Nile. In modern days, it is known as northern Sudan and southern Sudan. When the Nubia was separated between the Sennar sultanate and the Egypt, it became Arabized. It then became together between the Ottoman Egypt in 19th century. The kingdom of Egypt was from 1899 to 1956. Some of the kingdoms of Africa were in the Nubia. Nubia was known for depositing the gold. Nubia was the gateway, through which the luxurious products traveled such as incense, ebony and ivory to the Mediterranean and the Egypt from the sub-Saharan Africa. For the rules of Nubia, the archers proved their exceptional skills and the military strength. The kings of the Nubia ruled the Egypt over a century. The people of Africa started to move to the river of Nile in the Nubia in around 5000 BCE. They have a talent of making pottery. The hunters and the herdsmen of a large animals, they became farmers and fishermen. Then many new people move to the south region. Therefore, the people of Nubia mix with the African people.
Egypt ruled the Nubia for about 400 years. After that, the Nubia regained their power and strength. The shift in the power started as a new kingdom and it weakened after the great Ramses region. Near about 1100 BCE, the Nubia got freedom the Egypt control. As they were in the control of the Egyptian, they were disorganized and weak. Many centuries later, a new Nubian kingdom stared to develop and grow its strength. Napata was the new capital of Nubia. After the Egypt’s kingdom fall, Nubia started to rule for expanding the power. The rulers who led the Nubian kingdom were known as Piankhi. From the monument inscriptions, the description of the Piankhi can be understood. At the end, Piankhi defeated the Egypt. The Nubian rules held power for a century in the Egypt. In the middle of 600 BCE, the Assyrians moved into Egypt from the Mesopotamia. Nubian was unable to stand up to Assyrians. The Nubian gets back to Nubia in its old capital Napata. The pharaohs of the Nubia started to think themselves as the guardians of the Egyptian and they tried to preserve the traditions and the cultures of the Egypt. They make their dead bodies mummified and then buried in the pyramids like the old kingdom of pharaohs. The new kingdom of pharaohs has been buried in the temples of Egypt. The Egyptian pyramids were larger than the Nubian pyramids. In addition, the Nubian accepted the Egyptian hieroglyphics as the writing system of their own.
The Nubian never abandoned all the customs and the traditions when they were under the Egyptian rules. They never accepted the Egyptian style or any traditions or cultures. They never tried to look like the Egyptian. Status of the Nubian can show the different features of the Nubian dressing and culture, which was different from the Egyptian. These statuses also show that the pharaohs used to wear the crown with a pair of cobras in it and it was the symbol of the union of the Nubia and the Egypt.
Most of the Nubia used to live along the river Nile and the northern part through dessert. The farmers used to grow peas, lentils, grains, dates and melons mostly. They had herds of cattle. This helped them in farming. From all these it can be said that they were somehow wealthy. In the areas of dessert, the Nubians used to mined gold, carnelian, and the other mineral resources as well. Nubian used to trade of many various things with the Egyptians such as gold, bartering cattle, ivory, animal skin, hardwood, incense, dates etc.
Nubia and the Ancient Egypt conducted the ancient war. It is believed that Nubian rulers and the early Egyptian have the similar royal symbols. There was the peaceful exchange of the cultural and the co-operation and the marriages between the two. Nubian territory had equipped by Egyptians many times. Egyptians called the Nubian regions the ‘Ta-Seti’. This means that the ‘The Land of the Bow.’ It is also the reference to the Nubians archery skills.
In 2300 BCE, the Nubia was first discovered by the ancient Egyptian trading account. Nubia was the gateway of the Africa. It goods like the gold, incense, ebony, copper and many others. The Sixth Dynasty fractured Nubia was the fractured into the group of the kingdom which is small in size, the population might have been made the Saharan nomads.
During the Egyptian Middle Kingdom, Egypt started expand into the Nubian territory for getting to control for trading routes, and for building a series of the forts with the Nile. The persons of the Egypt called the region of the northern part of the Sudan. In this region, ancient Nubians lived known as ‘Medjay’. This name started to reference the people but not that particular region. The people who were living in that region worked in the army of the Egypt known as the scouts. Later on, it became the garrison troops and finally it became elite paramilitary police.
Some pharaohs of the Egypt had the origin of the Nubian, especially at the time of the Nubian period, though they were closely followed by the traditional methods of the governance of the Egypt. In fact, the people of the Egypt were seen themselves. The two cultures were matching to each other. That is why, Nubians were appearing too had been integrated into the culture of Egypt and they were indistinguishable in nature.
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