The 12th Amendment made in the Constitution of the United States refined the manner in which the Vice President and President of the United States are elected by the Electoral College. The 12th Amendment is done to address the unforeseen political problems that resulted from the presidential elections in the 1796 and 1800. The 12th Amendment replaced the proceeding that was originally provided for the Article II in Section 1. The amendment was passed by the Congress in 1803 December 9th and was then ratified by the United States during June 15th in the year 1804.
The 12th Amendment made in the constitution to the U.S made required modifications in the way voting is done for president and vice-president. The Amendment issued separate voting must be done for president and vice-president. It was approved by the Congress. Under separate voting each elector will get a chance to cast one vote separately for the president and other for vice-president. This helped to ensure that the candidates of different political parties would never be elected for the post of presidentship and vice-presidentship. The amendment also prevented persons those who are ineligible to serve as president from serving as the vice-president. The amendments failed to change the way under which electoral vote ties or the lack the significant of the majority voters are handled. The House of Representative mainly chooses the president while the Senate chooses the vice-president.
The amendments are made under the Constitutional Convention of 1787 under the American Revolution’s spirit of the unanimity and then shared the purpose that still filled the air and subsequently influenced the debate. In creating the Electoral College system, the Framers mainly sought to eliminate the divisive influence of partisan politics from the overall electoral process. Initially the elector of the Electoral College was only allowed to vote for any one of the two candidates and they were also not aware which candidates they are voting for. Under such system, the candidates who are getting 50% votes are elected to become president. The candidates who are getting second highest votes used to become vice-president. If none of the candidates receive 50% of votes, the selection of the president is done is done based on House of Representatives where each of the delegation are giving one vote. While this procured equal power to both the small are large states. It also made it more likely that are candidate who is being finally selected as the president might not be the candidate who have won the majority of the votes thus leading to the generation of disparity.
In order to break the disparity the 12th Amendments were sanctioned and this helped to bring a parity and fairness in the election of the president and vice-president. Few rectification was done in 12th Amendments in the year 1800. 14 states in the U.S made the changes. In the states, Delaware, Connecticut and Massachusetts rejected the amendments. Although Massachusetts was rectified after 157 years.
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