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What Are Utopia And Dystopia? What Are The Characteristic Of It? Explain With Example

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A utopia is a perfect world. In utopias world there are no complexities like the war disease, poverty, oppression, discrimination, inequality or any other problem that is created by human beings. The term utopia derived from the Greek term, which means no place or good place.

Dystopia on the other hand is a world where nothing is perfect. The problems that plague our world are extreme in dystopias. Dystopia is a play on the made up word utopia using the prefix “dys”, which means bad or difficult. Words like dysfunctional or dyslexia illustrate the use of the prefix.

Characteristics

The following are the characteristics of the utopians

Peaceful government

The utopias always want a peaceful government that will be free from corruption and that ensure that each people get equal chance and equal opportunity and there will not be any problems in the life of the people that creates sorrow and grief in their mind and personal life. The government of the utopias will be free from biasness and that will ensure that wealth has been distributed among each class of the society. There will be no discrimination among the various castes of the society and every one lives a peaceful and healthy life.

Equality for citizens 

The utopias ensure that the citizens get equal opportunity in all the aspects like education, health and in all the aspects of life. The main problem that occurred in the society is the unequal distribution of wealth and that leads to the fall of the balance in the society. The social structure should be framed in such manner that wealth can be distributed equally among all the citizens so that no one feels that they have been deprived from all the facilities that they should get.

Access to education, healthcare, employment.

According to the concept of the utopias, there should be enough resources in the society so that the most essential requirements to spend a life are fulfilled. The most essential requirements of life are education, healthcare and employment. Education is the most essential requirement to upgrade the standard of living of the human beings so it is important to ensure that all the children in the society gets the opportunity to learn and those results in the improvement of the society. After that comes healthcare, if all the people in the society gets adequate treatment than there will be no disease and people will live a healthy life without thinking about their health issues. Another aspect that all human beings want is job , if all the people in the society gets job then there will be no problem of unemployment and every one live happily as they do not have to think about the fact that how they will spend there livelihood. Beside these three factors, there are few matters, which creates problem in the life of the human beings and the utopias states that there will be no such problems in the life of any human beings.

A safe environment

Another characteristic of the utopias was the creation of safe environment. The utopias ensure that the environment will be safe for all the people in the society and that there will be no issues of environmental pollution. If the environment remains safe then there will be no opportunity of the occurrence of any problems in the life of any individual. A safe environment always ensures that all the people of the society can live a healthy and prosperous life.

Characteristics of the dystopias

Oppressive government

The main characteristics of the dystopias is that there will be no government or that the government is too oppressive which creates fear in the mind of the common people the government  creates such kind of laws that creates the confusion in the mind of the people. The government rules are very strict and that the government takes no steps to prevent the problems of the society and that creates sorrow and grief in the mind of the people. The society will always face pain and other difficulties if the government becomes oppressive and used to impose strict rules and control all the affairs of the society.

Huge inequality in the society 

The characters of the dystopias include the feature like huge inequality among different sections of the society. It has been observed that in dystopias society there is huge income gap between the richest characters and the poorest characters. The wealth is confined in the hands of only one section of the society and the poor people suffer due to poverty and inequality. The character of the dystopias is that either there will be extreme poverty or there will be highly rich people in the society.

Propaganda controlling people’s mind

Another important character of the dystopias is that it try to control the mind of the people. The dystopias are very controlling in nature they always try to influence the mind of the people and that effects in the growth of the society. The controlling characteristics create negative effect on the mind of the common people. The government tries to control the mind of the people and impose barriers in the growth of thinking ability of the people. This kind of controlling nature makes dystopias a negative concept in the society and creates problems in the society.

Free thinking and independent thought is banned

The dystopias create obstacle in the mind of the people and there by the freethinking capacity of the human beings are banned. The human beings are not allowed to think freely and give their view in solving any problem in the society. Human beings have all the right to think freely and give their opinion. Therefore, the oppressive nature of the dystopias creates an obstruction in the freethinking process of the human beings. This character of the dystopias has made it such a negative concept for the society.

Examples

From the above discussion, it can be stated that dystopias is the common for the real world and utopias is related with unrealistic world. After all, if fictions writers could device solutions to our world’s biggest problem such as world hunger poverty, and war then we probably would have implemented them and be currently living in a utopia. Another reason why dystopias are more popular with writers is that, they are, by their very nature, full of conflict, an integral part of any engaging story.

Recent examples of the dystopias include the hunger game written by Suzanne Collins, which is about a lottery where children are picked to fight to the death and divergent, a 2011 novel about a society split into five factions based on five different personality characteristics as method to retain control over human nature. As it can be told without any doubt that , dystopian story have found an increased popularity in the young adult genre of literature.

There are many classic examples of dystopian stories, including Aldous Huxley’s brave new world and Anthony burgesses’ a clockwise orange. However probably the most well known example of classic dystopian literature is 1984 written George Orwell written in 1949,. Its an example of dystopia in which the British society, over time, become wrapped and transformed into an extreme totalitarian state. In addition to controlling the press, the food , and relationships of the state’s inhabitants , the manipulation and control of human thought itself is the goal of this regime.

Examples of utopia

The Garden of Eden which was aesthetically pleasing and in which there was no knowledge of good or evil. The description of the golden age in Lucas Cranach the elder’s artwork entitled as the “The Golden Age”. The entire golden age as described by Hesiod a Greek poet who wrote “works and days”

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