The process of managing data with the help of computers and software is regarded as Information Technology. Moreover, its application involves the utilization of telecommunication and information tools in order to store retrieve and transmit information data from one place to another.
In other words, Information technology can be defined as the collection, processing, storage and distribution of textual, pictorial, voice and numeric information with the help micro-electronics based telecommunication tools.
Evolution of computer technology
Computer technology has evolved over the years and technology has experienced remarkable improvements in every possible generations. The significant changes in programming languages, algorithm and data structure have been successful in bringing about notable improvement in technology.
- In the year 1834, the ‘analytical engine’ proposed by Charles Babbage included the concept of analog, digital and mechanical architectures in computer technology.
- The first electronic computer was developed by Colossus in 1940 which was replaced by the development of first random-access digital storage device by William Tube.
- Digital computers now rule the entire world of computation.
Needless to say, digital computing mechanism is considered the most efficient and economical system that can solve large scale computations with the slightest ease.
The potentiality of information technology (IT)
IT has evolved as an inevitable necessity in our regular life and has numerous benefits in the society. To start with, let us focus on the general propositions to evaluate its potentiality.
Revolutionary improvement in mode industry
Previously, the industrial output was based on undifferentiated mass production. With the evolution of information driven technology, the production generated is consumer centric focusing on the requirement of each customer.
Utility of time and money
Consumers can access all necessary information and can reach different variety of stores, order and purchase online through the help of wide ranging information technology. Users can now attain wide ranging options in a single click.
Considering the instances of academic activities, students can achieve distance lea
ing programs and take assistance from renowned lecturers through multimedia tools. Moreover, users can access the wide-ranging facilities offered by information technology at a very low cost. Thus, from every prospect of life, IT is an effective tool that not only facilitates users with numerous benefits but also save time and money.
Hub of information
Internet is considered the hub of information where users can explore extensive range of resources to gather data. The search engine is capable to bring out millions and trillions of information options on entering a single search keyword. The users can search any possible topic on earth from the enormous information options offered by internet.
Significant barriers for the adoption of technology
A number of researches conducted states that the leading barrier to technology adoption is its expensive price. Technology is considered dynamic and costly at the same time. Small and micro business enterprises claim that the maintenance of technological infrastructure is so high that it surpasses their retu
on investment. Such a conceptual thinking hinders the widespread adoption of technology. Moreover, minimum awareness about the software devices, technological processes and its solutions are responsible to implant such contemptible cost conce
s on users.
Deficiency of skilled manpower
Shortage of skilled employees is another major drawback against the adoption of technology. Every corporate house and business firms need to employ talented technical officials with high salary in order to overcome the various technical challenges of information technology. Due to the shortage of technical experts, industries cannot fully rely on technology. Moreover, in order to generate skilled manpower in industry, the education of computer science has been made compulsory in every learning module.
Privacy and data security breach
Twenty eight percent of the total IT users claim that inadequate and weak security structure of technology has restricted its wide spread acceptance. Since the patte
of information storage and processing is not known, hence majority of IT users avoid the utility of technology such as online banking, storage of confidential data, invoice, monetary documents and client database. Privacy and security breach comprises the third barrier for technology adoption even after the efficient storage performances of cloud technology.
There is certain infrastructural inadequacy that prohibits the expansion of information technology in society. The most common and complex infrastructural issues faced by users as well as business enterprises are physical infrastructure disputes, inadequate connectivity to broadband, continuous power failure etc. On the other hand, in most of the city outskirts, manual labor and traditional working mechanism are considered reliable over technology.
Information Technology: an enhancement to productivity
As derived by economists, the ratio of output to input is defined as productivity. To be precise, the ratio of benefits obtained to costs is considered as productivity. The implementation of IT is efficient to improve the productivity in various possible ways.
- IT helps to reduce investment of money thereby limiting the reductions on benefits to a significant level
- IT helps to increase benefits encompassing both quality and quantity
- IT enhances the productivity by advancement in quality at the same unit cost
The ratio of capital cost to labor cost
With the utility of information technology, there is a significant enhancement in ratio of capital cost and labor cost, bringing about a significant improvement in productivity. The cost ratio increase in capital and labor represents the revolution from manual services. Three remarkable advantages of capital-labor ratio are:
- Labor intensive solution to certain problems is considered to be less scalable than technology driven ones. With the implementation of technology, additional productions can be generated at a lower cost than using traditional labor intensive production techniques. Similarly, additional problems can be worked out at less cost with technology than allocating large scale labor.
- Technology facilitates business organizations and industries with flexible production methods. The cost of technology driven production is less and requires one time investment, whereas, each labor is allocated a significant amount of wage which is likely to increase with experience. An IT equipment lasts year long, inexpensive to maintain and efficient to offer maximum output to the given input. Whereas, labor centric manual services cannot guarantee maximum output within the specified time limit.
- With the constant evolution of new technologies and innovation, the cost of technically driven services tend to decline whereas labor cost tend to grow with the gain in productivity. Moreover, with the introduction of technology, industries can expect long term increase in their investment retu
even if they experience less growth for the initial years.
Importance of IT knowledge in academics
Enormous leaing resources
With the advancement in technology, the number of leaing resources has increased considerably. This helps the students to improve their leaing abilities. Moreover, information technology is an obligatory leaing module in academics which effectively encourage students to utilize the tool of computer in every sphere of life besides study.
Adequate supply of information
In the era of technology, students can gain extensive knowledge over any topic. Moreover, information technologies facilitate learners with intricate knowledge on a significant topic; encourage them to communicate proposals and accomplish projects on it.
Effectiveness of multimedia in academics
Education has become more attractive and comprehensive with the help of multimedia tools of technology. Teaching sessions are enhanced with the audio-visual explanation techniques, power-point presentations of subjects, analogical and digital presentation of practical assignments. Leaing with sight and sound effect makes leaing more comprehensible for students.
Online library contain enormous educational data to serve the purpose of students. Students take immediate assistance of online library while doing research work, writing assignments in shortage of relevant evidence and facts, gain knowledge from theories etc. In order to develop high quality assignments on any given topic, students can gather information, construct the collected data in hierarchical structure and present the content in a proficient manner with the help of information technology.
In this 21st century, the communication technology has become more interactive, offers multiple benefits and exposes newer leaing opportunities for students. Online leaing is one of the most convenient modes of leaing that students can enjoy even not going at classrooms or teaching venue. Leaers can enjoy teaching from world’s best lecturers through correspondence or distance study. Online leaing is an effective way to save time and money.
Significance of information and communication technology (ICT) implementation
Information Technology is made up of two core elements i.e. telecommunication and computing. The process of communication and information convey is continuously improving with the development in ICT. It is important to have considerable access to global and national networks to survive in the mode
age of information. Moreover, the global environment is witness of this rapid growth only due to the effectiveness of ICT. Nonetheless, a number of organizational challenges and survival issues can be efficiently solved with the implementation of ICT.
The various tools of ICT
Electronic computers developed by colossus were initially meant for calculating numbers. With the advancement in technology over the years, the use of computers has become mandatory in offices, schools, and industries, household applications etc. The usefulness of computers encompasses activities ranging from sending emails, video chat and video conference, maintaining customer and employee database, keeping track of financial records, multimedia, tool of entertainment, automation application, etc.
Telecommunication involves transmission of messages through a medium from one place to another. Previously, there were landline telephones which cannot be relocated to places. With the advancement in mobile technology, people can carry their communication tools even at space. The mobile technology is efficient in bringing about a revolution in our society and has significant positive impact on cultural, political and economical development.
It is the communication by sending written messages and document files via internet. It is basically an official mode of communication where the legitimate conversation between professionals is recorded. E-mail communication substitute the postal mailing services at a reduced cost and takes only fraction of seconds to reach the recipient.
It represents connectivity of all global networking sites collectively linked together. Internet offers advanced solution to various communication problems. In recent time, Internet has facilitated the users with communication sites such as Facebook, Twitter, Youtube, Google+ and lot more. Internet is extremely efficient for business marketing. Online shopping is another great attraction introduced by internet for consumers.
What are the difficulties faced by students while preparing their IT assignments?
The study of information and communication technology has been promoted to higher education over the last two decades. This is because the potential technology has not only enhanced the educational infrastructure but also enhanced the growth of society. In order to gain higher academic degrees, students have to qualify in their academic assignments. Moreover, information technology is a complicated stream that involves subjects like computer science and electronics and communication engineering.
However, to attain a quality assignment on IT, students have to be well-versed with the various aspects of computation. Circuit designs, integration of data structure and micro-processor application are the difficult areas that the students need to encompass while accomplishing their assignments on Information technology. This is the reason for which majority of learners seek professional writing help to prepare their IT assignments.
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