650 Word Essay On Business Ethics
It is found that sustainable development goals which is also known as Global goals is regarded as a collection of 17 interlinked goals which are designed as a blueprint in order to achieve a better health outcome by the end of 2030 (UNDP, 2021). The 17 sustainable development goals aimed at transforming the world in to a better living place, which comprises of no poverty, zero hunger, good health and well-being, quality education, gender equality, clean water and sanitation, affordable energy and cleanliness and many more. It is essential to achieve sustainable goal because it aims at satisfying the requirement of the presented population without any endangering the capacity of the future population (un.org, 2021). The 3 main components of sustainable development are economic growth, environmental stewardship and social inclusion. The below paper will discuss about two of the sustainable development goal such as no poverty and hunger along with that it will discuss about the role of nurses and interdisciplinary team in addressing the issue.
The first goal of sustainable development aims to reduce poverty from the world in best possible way. The poverty issue is considered to be one of the greatest challenge all over the world which lowers the quality of life and also results in discrimination and inequality. It has been found that the rate of poverty was found to drop a bit from the year 1990 to 2015 there still exist a lot of challenges which needs to be addressed in order to reduce the higher rate of poverty prevalence (globalgoals.org, 2021). It has been found that in 2015, almost 736 million people residing in US living in less than $1.90 in a day. The individuals surviving in poverty faces many hazards such as lack of food, lack of proper shelter, homelessness, lack of sanitisation, lack of proper support in pandemics and inadequacy of basic need, which affected the life of the people. It is evident from the sustainable goal development that women are much poor in comparison to male as they gets receive less education, paid work and less nutritional food which hinders the progress. The data from UNDP, stated that development and progress is limited in few regions in the world such as sub-Saharan Africa, South Asia which results in 80% of poverty. It is found that the sustainable developmental goals are bold committed to eradicate poverty by the end of 2030 which includes enhancing the basic resources and services for the poor people, targeting the most vulnerable population suffering from extreme poverty and supporting communities which are mainly affected by climate-related disasters and conflict (UNDP, 2021). The data from UNDP also highlighted the fact that around 10% of the population is residing in below poverty line, which can be marked as extreme poverty. Almost 1.3 billion people are residing in multidimensional poverty and 50% of the people living in poverty are under the age of 18. According to the data of World Bank, in 2018, it has been determined that 4 out of 5 people are residing below the international poverty line especially in the rural areas. Data suggested that more than 40% of the poor people globally resides in economies which are affected by conflict, fragility and violence which is found to be raised by 67% (WorldBank, 2021). The world banks provided recommendation to address the poverty issue by complementary two track approaches such as reducing the gap between the policy attainment and aspiration, increasing learning, investing more in prevention and preparedness and expanding the coordination services and contribution for reducing the issue of poverty (undp.org, 2021).
According to the sustainable development goal, the number of undernourished individual and percentage is found to be dropped due to rapid growth and enhanced agricultural productivity. It is found that many countries were found to meet their nutritional needs and reduction rate due to famine is also observed. Countries such as Latin American, East Asia and Caribbean are found to make huge progress in eliminating extreme hunger. But, there still exists an extreme malnutrition and hunger issue which hinders the development of countries (undp.org, 2021). In 2017, it has been found that there exist almost 821 million people who were found to be suffering from chronic undernourished condition, which is directly linked with health degradation. The data also suggests that almost 90 million of children residing in areas such as South America, Africa are were found to be underweight or undernourishment and the primary reason behind it was severe food insecurity. The SDG aimed at reducing hunger issue by increasing the sustainable agriculture, providing equal access to land, small scale farming along with that will provided enhanced technology options (undp.org, 2021). These two issues or goals (Poverty and hunger) are interconnected with one and other as lack of economic stability hampers the quality of food or develops food insecurity. Poverty also triggers the development of famine, which states that there are three types of hunger such as malnutrition, understanding and wasting which develops due to lack of proper food stability (Fanzo et al., 2020). According to Hunger project, food prices, poverty and hunger are interconnected. It also needs to be considered that not all poor individuals residing in society faces the issue of hunger but all people who experiences hunger is found to be experiencing poverty. This is understood that hunger can be viewed as a dimension of extreme poverty and can be regarded as the most severe consequences of poverty. People residing in rural areas is found to be mostly suffering from poverty and hunger due to lack of adequate money for buying food, lack of proper farming supplies, lack of capacity for buying nutritional food. In order to address the issue the hunger project have been developed to determine the root cause of this issue and provide them with effective skills, training, basic education in order to fulfil the need of the individuals (thp.org, 2021).
Role of nurses and interdisciplinary team
It is found that nurses’ plays an essential role in eradicating poverty and hunger as community nurses provides education and safety. The data suggests that children are mostly suffering from malnutrition and community nurses will be responsible for providing free food to the community children who resides in below poverty line. It has also found that lack of proper nutrition in the body triggers the development of many chronic disorders especially in children. The nurse in this case must screen for children residing in rural area with malnutrition issue and enrol them in various government programs (Lotfi et al., 2019). The nurse must also try to screen the individuals with mental disorders as prolonged period of poverty results in mental disorder. The nurse must educate the community about the importance of sanitisation as lack of sanitisation triggers the development of many communicable diseases. It is evident that poor family or poverty individuals are often exposed to various environmental hazards which also triggers the development of various long-term health hazards such as reduced lung function, asthma and even heart attack and it is the responsibility of the nurses to plan proper health promotion strategies which help enhance the quality of life (Yousefi et al., 2019). It is also evident that hunger and poverty triggers the development of adverse health hazards, which even hampers the daily performance of both children, and adult and nurses enforce a transformational alteration in the community by mentioning and delivering teaching to the parentages which will help in upholding vigorous health even in poverty circumstances (Bliss & While, 2014).
The social workers must also include in the promotion plan who will enrol the screened malnutritioned children in free food services developed by both government and non-government, which will help in reducing the issue. The nutritional counsellist must be involved in this process as well who will be responsible to provide food charts and option as per the need of the families. The social workers can involve the low-income women and children under the age of 5 with supplement food, special mile programs and food distribution programs which will help in reducing both hunger and poverty. Government physicians must provide free vaccinations to the individuals which will help in reducing the chance of developing harmful diseases (Miller et al., 2017). The doctors must provide treatment to this community with equal respect and dignity and even involve in decision making which will reduce the issue of discrimination.
The primary barriers for implementing this strategies are lack of education among the community people, discrimination, inequality and lack of proper infrastructure in addressing the vast community. The community nurses must screen for most vulnerable community and provide intervention as per the priority list. The issue can be reduced by ensuring equality and involvement of all individual in decision-making. The next factor will be ensuring resilience where all the vulnerable population must be able to build resilience, which can be provided by education to the community people especially women. Effective education with help in development of skills and ability and hence, will reducing the rate of unemployment and thereby decreasing the issue of poverty and hunger (Concern Worldwide, 2021).
The above paper discussed about poverty and hunger. It has been found that in 2015, almost 736 million people residing in US living in less than $1.90 in a day. The individuals surviving in poverty faces many hazards such as lack of food, lack of proper shelter, homelessness, lack of sanitisation, lack of proper support in pandemics and inadequacy of basic need, which affected the life of the people. The enhanced rate of poverty also results in hunger. Lastly, the paper discussed about role of nurses and interdisciplinary team in addressing the issue in the world.
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