Overview of dietary acculturation and its relation to nutrition transition
The term acculturation is used to define the trait of adopting a specific culture. Dietary acculturation can be termed as can be termed as a process that occurs when individuals of an ethnic group is seen to adopt eating choices based on the new environment (Khan, Jackson & Momen, 2016). Acceptance of food is highly influenced by complex reaction of psychological, physiological and even biochemical processes. In similar regards, it becomes important to note that environmental change and acculturation is seen to influence food behaviour of transitional groups. The influence is often caused due to availability of food and the climatic conditions. The surrounding social constraints are additionally seen to make problems in food habits
How does dietary acculturation/nutrition transition relate to your case study?
In the given case study, Amira was born and bought up in Australia. However, her older siblings and parents were from Iraq. Thus, it would be fair enough to state that dietary acculturation can have a negative impact on the chosen family. In addition to that the family suffers from financial crisis making it extremely difficult to afford the basic elements of nutrition (Yoshida et al. 2018)
The Persian cultures followed by the family in terms of eating and food habits were subjected to change due to limited availability of resources. In addition to that gap in communication, coupled with limited knowledge about wellbeing in the female member can be termed as a leading cause of problem within the family (Wen et al. 2017). In addition to that the family is subjected to financial stress due to extra people to take care off. Finally, the social wellbeing is highly compromised in the mentioned scenario as the family members are not aware of the possible causes that leads to problem related to poor nutrition
Has there been any impact (past or present) related to POVERTY, POLOTICAL INSTABILITY, MIGRATION (migrant only), DISCRIMINATION on your case study? If so, how has this impacted food consumption?
The security related to food and political instability is often linked. However, it should be taken into account that the relationship between the both is complex and most importantly not casual or direct. Nevertheless, evidence based study suggests food security can be at threat if there is a presence of social or political instability (Wen et al., 2017) In similar regards, it can be additionally stated availability of limited amount of food due to international embargo can result in political instability. Thus, it can be conclusively stated food riots are often initiated by urban population, as the rural ones rarely get the chance to have political opinion.
Finally, it can be stated poverty is seen to make enough changes in the diet habits of an individual. The limited money often compromises the actual food intake as people tend to consume minimum portion of food or even consume unhealthy food. In that regards, it can be clearly stated minimum budget should be kept aside for purchasing the basic nutritional requirements (Yoshida et al. 2018). The aspect of migration in relation to food consumption is highlighted in a different way. For instance, migration on short term basis exhibited positive effect on the overall per capita expenditure on food. Unlike short term migration, there exists limited evidence of long term migration on increasing per capita expenditure on food. Thus, it can be stated migration on short term is a process, using which households are seen to maintain the level of food security (Khan, Jackson & Momen, 2016).
Has there been any impact (past or present) related to CHANGES IN FOOD PROCUREMENT (i.e. from market, friends, garden, supermarket etc.)
There remains no evidence pertaining to the fact of procuring food. However, the mode of technology used in supermarkets may not be present in traditional Iraqi settings making things initially difficult for the family. On a general basis, it can be stated the family garden transformed into a market and then a supermarket (Khan, Jackson & Momen, 2016). The mode of consumption faced technological advancement with no major impact on the pattern
Khan, S., Jackson, R., & Momen, B. (2016). The Relationship between Diet Quality and Acculturation of Immigrated South Asian American Adults and Their Association with Metabolic Syndrome. PLOS ONE, 11(6), e0156851. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0156851. Retrieved from: https://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0156851
Nguyen, M. C., & Winters, P. (2011). The impact of migration on food consumption patterns: The case of Vietnam. Food policy, 36(1), 71-87. Retrieved from: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S0306919210001156
Wen, C. K. F., Hsieh, S., Huh, J., Martinez, L. C., Davis, J. N., Weigensberg, M., & Spruijt-Metz, D. (2017). The role of assimilating to the US culture and the relationship between neighborhood ethnic composition and dietary intake among Hispanic youth. Journal of racial and ethnic health disparities, 4(5), 904-910. Retrieved from: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5529269/
Yoshida, Y., Scribner, R., Chen, L., Broyles, S., Phillippi, S., Simoes, E. J., & Tseng, T. S. (2018). Components of Diet Quality Explain the Association between Acculturation and Increased Body Mass Index in Mexican Americans. Retrieved from: https://www.preprints.org/manuscript/201811.0281/download/final_file