Frequently Asked Questions
There are variety of reasons for which people may choose to immigrate, such as opportunities of employment, to escape a violent conflict, factors related to environment, educational purposes, and for reuniting with the family. Certain push and pull factors are associated with immigration. Push factors are those that push people away from their homes because of the aspects like war and others. On the contrary, the pull factors pull people to a new country for the purposes like better employment opportunity, better educational facilities, and others.
A key benefit of immigration which can be seen on the sending country is the payment of remittances, which involves sending the money back to the home country. It includes large transfer of money to the poor countries from the developed countries, and it is frequently considered as a key aspect of the later economic development in the sending countries. On the other hand, departure of talented and skilled employees to the receiving countries can be viewed as a key negative aspect for the sending countries.
Immigration can be referred to as a process through which individuals become permanent citizens or residents of another country. In general, there are four types of immigrants can be seen. They are economic immigrants who are chosen for their abilities of making contribution to the country’s economic development, immigrants sponsored by family who are granted permanent citizenship in the country, refugee who are provided with permanent citizenship based on the fear to return to their own home country, and other immigrants.
The benefits received by the receiving country from immigration include an increase in work-age population, the arrival of skilled employees who can largely contribute to the country’s economic development, their contribution to the technological development, and others. However, there are some negative effects as well. Due to immigration, population of the receiving country is increased leading to adverse impacts of present social institutions. They result in an increase in demand for goods and services. In addition, the immigrants displace the nationals from occupation within the country.