1. Give the Brief Introduction of epistemology
Epistemology is one of the most significant branches of philosophy which deals with core theory of knowledge. This is basically the study of knowledge and the rationality of belief. There are four vital areas of epistemology, which are as follows:
- In-depth philosophical analysis of the nature of knowledge and its relationship with the truth, belief and justification
- Multiple issues related to skepticism
- Both the sources and scope of knowledge along with the justified belief
- The very criteria of belief and justification
Epistemology plays a critical role in addressing the issues regarding the justified belief. The very term “epistemology” has been originated from the ancient Greek word “epistēmē” which means knowledge and the suffix “logy” means logical discourse. The term “logical discourse” has been generated from the Greek word “logos” the meaning of which is discourse. In the narrow context, epistemology is basically the study of knowledge and justified belief which mainly deals with the sources of knowledge. Truth, belief and justification are three of the most significant examples as well as the condition of epistemology.
2. When did the epistemology has been started and whom?
During 384–322 bce, Aristotle has defined epistemology as the discipline by stating the fact that philosophy starts with the kind of wonder. However, evidences are also showing that epistemology has been first created by René Descartes who is recognized as the father of modern philosophy. Epistemology as designed by Aristotle is entirely based on the study of things that occur in the world and raise the knowledge related to the universe.
3. What was the need of this epistemology?
Epistemology is basically the in-depth assessment of how the human beings think. This is the way, through which both true and false can be determined properly with the application of appropriate method of evaluation. Epistemology is basically the philosophical school of thought which deals with the knowledge which we can acquire from that of the universe. In the field of human knowledge, epistemology has led to numerous advancements. It is important to note in this context that epistemology has established vital scientific method which is the key of making significant assumptions related to the world and thereby yield true results about existence. Epistemology is closely associated with the psychology, sociology, and neuroscience in order to address the issues like how to trust the senses of human being in order to discover the world around them. Epistemology is considered as one of the most significant schools of philosophy to raise the question about the legitimacy of all the things that are present around us.
4. What are the uses of this epistemology?
The fundamental goal of epistemology is to figure out the key criteria of knowledge in order to enable us to gather relevant knowledge regarding the universe. The study of epistemology comprises of the research of meta- epistemology which deals with the issues that the human being can know regarding the knowledge. Epistemology is basically the scope of knowledge and the in-depth assessment of nature. In addition, epistemology can also be defined as the study of justified belief. Epistemology deals with the comprehensive assessment of the nature of knowledge and its relationship with that of the identical nature such as truth, belief and justification. Epistemology serves as the basis, through which production of knowledge can be assumed in an effective manner.
A strong and comprehensive epistemology is very much needed in order to promote the development of sound thinking and reasoning. This is the reason for which epistemology is considered as one of the major branches of philosophy which seemingly incorporates major discussions of the nature of knowledge. In the context of business, epistemology deals with the sources of knowledge. Epistemology, specifically deals with the nature, source and the limitations of knowledge.
5. What is the Criticism of epistemology?
Epistemology is not the core source of knowledge. Rather, it is the enquiry in order to figure out the sources, nature, scope and limits of the knowledge of the human being. However, there are multiple issues related to the nature of perception, reason, intuition, experience which are identified as the possible source of knowledge. This issue overshadows the notion of epistemology as the method of getting the very source of knowledge is also defined as meta-physics.
6. What is the related topic and concept of epistemology?
There are some of the infinite ideologies of epistemology which are as follows:
- Almost all the knowledge in universe are built on the basis of axioms which can also be regarded as statement which does not incorporate any kind of contradictory statement.
- Knowledge is true and not the self-contradictory. It is the general tendency among the human being to belief whatever they want. The consistent belief among the people is defined as knowledge.