Ordinary Men: Reserve Police Battalion 101 and the Final Solution in Polandis written by Christopher Browing which depicts the German Police Order in 1942 Poland that can be held accountable for the mass shootings and round-ups of Jewish for the purpose of deportation to the Nazi death camps. During the prolongation of World War II, it has been seen that the men of Unit 101 are ordinary middle-aged men from the working class who have been drafted, although failed to be eligible for regular military training and development. While returning these men have been appointed in German-occupied Poland to terrorize the Jewish population. This governmental order has been entitled as Operation Reinhard which allowed the appointed Nazi men to perform genocide and carry out massacres. The illustration of these vicious incidents has been depicted in the Ordinary Men.
About the author:
Christopher Robert Browning, born in 1944 in Durham, North Carolina, is occupationally a history professor at the University of North Carolina (UNC). Browning has captivated his interest towards modern history from his father who was a professor of philosophy from the North-western University. After comprising a graduation and postgraduation degree, Browning has concentrated on his research. In 1975, the author has received a Ph.D. for his thesis which is entitled ‘Referat D III of Abteilung Deutschland and the Jewish Policy of the German Foreign Office 1940-1943’ Browing has a conserved special degree on The Holocaust. The Holocaust is an outcome of the Second World War. Nazi Germany and its supporters have sequentially murdered approximately six million Jewish people across Europe. Regarded as the specialist of it, Browning has conserved popularity based on his work on The Final Solution. The Final Solution, also known as the Final Solution to the Jewish Question is the plan of the Nazis to create Jewish genocide. The book defines the implementation strategies of Nazi policies and utilization of survivor testimony. Christopher Robert Browning has written nine books including The Origins of the Final Solution and Ordinary Men. His book Ordinary Menhas captivated the pinnacle of popularity.
About the book:
World history has preserved several occurrences of injustice. The world has apprehended the emergence of several perpetrators who have relied on the concept of autocracy and brought brutal activities upon ordinary people without conceptualizing the moral conscience. Ordinary Men: Reserve Police Battalion 101 and the Final Solution in Poland reveals the story of ordinary people who have transformed into genocide perpetrators. The prime argument of this book relies on the concept that people obey the rules, regulations, and orders of government figures and organizations to avoid being alienated from the majority. The book has traced the activities of a particular German police squad which is known as ‘Reserved Police Battalion 101’. In the reign of the Nazi Party in Germany, this squad has focused to appoint ordinary people rather than actual policemen or military officers. Eventually, it has been seen that the squad has conserved a transition from an amateur police squad to a killer unit.
In this book, the opinion of Browning has maintained a moderate functionalist tone. He has defined that to alleviate the Jewish community people during the Second World War people came after the elimination of a considerable part of the Jewish community. Being an expert on the subject, Browning has acted here as a witness of the Nazi trials. His depiction in the book has magnified the terror of the contemporary situation. The book has been entitled as a source of micro-history for Holocaust expertise. Ordinary Menbegins with delivering the statistics regarding the extended period of the Holocaust by the year 1942. The book has reflected that in March 1942 more than seventy percent of the victimized population of the Holocaust has been alive. However, a year later more than seventy-five percent has been murdered drastically. Between the period of March 1941 to February 1943, the world has seen a severe emergence of the mass murderer units.
Moreover, in the book, the author has mentioned that Poland has been marked as the key location for the Holocaust which requires the presence of German operatives in Poland. Although, the prolongation of the battle of Stalingrad has pre-occupied the German army. This has triggered the German administration to captivate manpower from different sources. Browning has traveled to Germany to endure accurate information regarding the surrounding circumstances during the Holocaust. Browning has acknowledged that while pursuing the primeval records in the office of State Administrative for Justice, he has come across the contemporary records of the RPB 101. The chapters of the book sequentially segregate the conceptualization and establishment of RPB 101. The first chapter is based on the brief of RPB leader Major Wilhelm Trap. The brief denotes to classify the working-age people from the entire Jewish population and the shoot the rest. The classified people will be sent to the Nazi Concentration Camps. The second and third chapters majorly focus on the origination of the RPB 101. Additionally, the contributions of the Nazi Party to provide military training has also been mentioned in these chapters. The subsequent chapter addresses activities of the Order Police in 1940 which mostly includes the slaughter of Jewish in the Soviet Union. The fifth chapter of the book delves into the prime activity of the Order Police. It includes the settlement with Jews who have been living in the Nazi territory to captivate racial purity. The book has created an evaluation of the Order Police, most of them belong from the middle age.
Hence, it can be said that Ordinary Mencomprises an accurate historical situational analysis of the Holocaust. It provides insights regarding the creation of RPB 101. Christopher Browning has retained a significant balance between the deliverance of accurate information of the historical circumstances and structuring of an insightful concerning conclusion regarding the contemporary activities of RPB 101. As the paper has reached a cohesive conclusion, it can be said that Ordinary Men is beneficial to provide interesting information and facts of history, especially the Holocaust.
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