What Is Civil Engineering?
Civil engineering is mainly a professional discipline of engineering that aims at dealing with the aspects like construction, design and the maintenance of naturally and physically built environment that includes public works like bridges, roads, canals, airports, dams, pipelines, sewage systems, railways and the structural components of the buildings. Civil engineering is broken traditionally into various sub-disciplines and it is also considered to be the second-oldest discipline of engineering after military engineering.
Various Civil Engineering Subjects And their Details
Surveying in Civil Engineering
Civil surveying is considered to be an operation of engineering which involves assessment and recording details related to an area of the land. The observations can thereby be used for helping in planning of the construction projects. The major purpose of surveying in the field of civil engineering is related to determination of three-dimensional relationships between various locations.
Strength of Material or Solid Mechanics
Strength of materials is considered to be a branch of “Solid Mechanics” that is also known as Engineering Mechanics which is based on dynamics and statics. The study of the strength of materials mainly helps the design engineers in selecting the materials of known strength at the minimum expenditure.
Building Material and Construction Technology
The building materials and construction technology in civil engineering mainly covers the aspects like concrete, cement, bricks and mortars, reinforcement, corrosion technology, additives, recycled materials, bamboo, rammed earth, non-conventional building materials, railway materials and bituminous materials.
Geology in Civil Engineering
Engineering geology mainly deals with proper study of a structure of the earth that is related to civil engineering for execution of the cost-effective and safe design for the construction projects.
Concrete Technology in Civil Engineering
Concrete technology mainly deals with the proper study of various properties of concrete and the practical applications. Different types of the binding materials are used in civil engineering that include bitumen and lime concrete for asphalt concrete that is used for the construction purposes.
Structural analysis is mainly based on determination of the influence of the loads on the various physical structures and the components. The structures that are subjected to this analysis include the bridges, buildings, ships and aircraft.
Building Planning and Drawing
Building plans are the set of different drawings that consists of the site plan, floor plan, elevations, cross sections. The drawings are considered to be a medium used for passing the concepts and views of the architects or the designers into reality.
Importance of Building Planning and Drawing
The building planning and drawing related aspects are important for the organizations as they can be used for the purpose of communicating technical details of the projects based on a common format. Drawings can also become foundation for the future projects and can lead to effective levels of cost savings for the customers.
Design and Drawing of RCC Structures
Design of the reinforced concrete structures is a design course that is a part of engineering.
Geotechnical and Foundation Engineering
Foundation engineering is considered to be a branch of geotechnical engineering that applies aspects like structural engineering, soil mechanics and serviceability requirements of the project.
Hydrology and Irrigation in Civil Engineering
Engineering hydrology and the applications are important for the processes of planning and thereby building the hydraulic structures.
Transport engineering is defined as the process of application of the technological and scientific principles in planning, operations, facilities management and functional design.
Design and Drawing of Steel Structure
Designing and drawing of the steel structure or structural steel design is considered to be a major area related to structural engineering that is used for the purpose of designing the steel structures.
Estimation and Evaluation in Civil Engineering
An estimate can be defined as the calculation of quantities of the various work related items and the expenditures that are likely to be faced for completion of the work.
Air pollution and Control in Civil Engineering
Air pollution control is based on techniques that are mainly employed for reduction or elimination of emission into atmosphere of the substances that are harmful for the environment.
Highway Geometric Design
Geometric design of the highways mainly aims at dealing with the layout and dimensions of the different noticeable aspects of a highway.
Environmental Impact Assessment
Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) is considered to be a method implemented for proper evaluation of the probable environmental influences of the future development or project based on the inter-connected cultural, socio-economic and the human-health related impacts.
Computer-aided drawing or CAD is mainly based on the usage of computer-related software for aiding the design processes.
Fluid mechanics is considered to be a study of the fluid behaviour in motion and at rest.
Design of Pre-Stressed Concrete Structure
Prestressed concrete is considered to be a structural material which allows for the prearranged engineering stresses for being placed in the members for counteracting stresses which can occur in the process.
Ground Improvement Techniques
Ground improvement is mainly for fulfilling different objectives like improving the bearing capacity and reducing the settlement of the soft ground.
Civil engineering functions
Civil engineers aim at creating, improving and protecting the environment within which individuals are living.
Feasibility study can be defined as the assessment of realism of the future plan or the project.
Site investigations can be defined as an overall method of collecting information, assessing data and reporting.
Design is the specification or plan for the effective construction of the object or implementation of the system of the process or activity.
Construction can be defined as the manner or art of building something.
Maintenance of the method of preserving a situation or condition or state of the being that is preserved.
Research can be defined as systematic investigation into and proper study of the sources and materials for the purpose of establishing facts and reaching the new conclusions.