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Organizational structure is defined as the structure which is followed by the organization in order to follow out the work in the departments. The organizational structure is known to define the task of the individuals who are present in the organization. It shows who is responsible for doing various types of tasks in the organization. The organizational structure is known to examine the business plan which is further analyzed in order to define the key managers and determine whether the organizational structure is horizontal or hierarchical. It also reviews the existing structure and determines if it is still optimal structure which can be followed or not.
It provides two different choices to the organization whether it wants to follow horizontal culture or hierarchical culture. It also determines the drawing of the new organizational chart which will be implemented in recent days. It places the top managers at the top management with each and every employee who are listed below the managers. It proposes a line which is based on connecting the employees to the person to whom he or she will be able to report to. The organizational structure is dependent on a pyramid-like structure whereas the horizontal structure looks more of like a block of an employee who are working on the same place.
The organizational structure is known to refer t the way the organisational arranges the people and the respective job so that they can meet the daily target they are provided. In order to understand the history and growth of organizational structure an example can be taken off US steel. The US steel is the first company in the world which had introduced the concept of organizational structure to the modern economy. Thought the US Steel is more than 100 old business which had made use of the organizational structure in the vertical hierarchies. The idea was taken by a popular chemist and physician Dr La Mulaor who brought in the idea of identifying the motion trends which will later lead to continuing in the same path but reducing the company risk in the roads. With the help of the use of organizational structure the US business organizations were growing at a very increasing rate. They were also shifting their only one business to different other types of industries and creating empowerment. The companies a the industries shifted from being the consumer-centric too mass-production approach when great thinkers like the Federick Tayloe, and Henri Fayol developed better types of structure which increased the efficiency and effectiveness of the organizations by introducing the latest technology machinery
There are number of factors which are responsible for determining the need importance of structured organizations which are described below :
The business organizational structure is used to show the relationship between the employees and the top management in the organization. The HR organizational structure is known to help the employee by making them understand the detail sf better HR management. The HR can also very easily add the details of the employee such as hobbies, birthdays and contact information. Also, the departmental organizational chart is known to display the relationship between the units which are properly functional inside the organization. It shows the advertising directors by exploring the target user groups of the company and also analysis the competitors in the market. The government organizational structure chart is used in the registered government to present a chain of commands. It also helps the government by identifying the departmental reporting structure of the different types of posts which are available with the council and the city where they are operating. However, an organizational structure is a system which is known to outline the activities which are mainly directed in order to achieve the organizational goals set by the company. The certain activities mainly include rules, responsibilities and roles. The main use is that the organizational structure allows the smooth flow o information between two or more than two countries.
The improper organizational structure can also lead to poor productivity or it can lead to loss of resources and conflicts within the organization. In order to maintain the framework of the organization the company should be able to maintain a good organizational structure.The criticism mainly includes the conflicts which are caused by the departmental loyalty between different groups of people. The sales department might feel in conflict with the accounting team if the new customers are not addressed with the function. The department might feel competitive which can break in communication problem that will affect the productivity of the company.
Organizing is the next very important function of the management department that is known t involve the arranging and structuring of the work which is required to be completed within the deadline. The organizational structure is known to examine the business plan which is further analyzed in order to define the key managers and determine whether the organizational structure is horizontal or hierarchical. It also reviews the existing structure and determines if it is still optimal structure which can be followed or not. Normally the term organizing is commonly known as the structure for a process through which the group of people will be able to function according to the decision which is placed by the managerial department of the organization.