Surveys reveal that almost 80% of students in the UK are concerned about ‘referencing’ in their assignments. Many students are confused with the different referencing formats (each consisting of a specific requirement). Many websites offer citation guidance and free APA, MLA, Cambridge automatic referencing generators have become quite popular now.
Out of all the formats, Oxford referencing is notably the most challenging one. It has different formats for e-books, books, chapters, etc. Many so-called Oxford referencing help websites exist out there, most of them inept at providing adequate help. This blog will guide you on the Oxford referencing style to make things easier for you.
When it comes to citing sources in Oxford Referencing style, you need to use in-text citations and a reference list. The in-text citations or footnotes are written in the middle of a paragraph at the end of the text that you’ve collected from the blog. Reference list, on the other hand, is written at the end of your document. You can write it in a separate page as well, depending on your professor’s instructions.
Now you need to follow the order as written above to write the in-text citations. Check out the examples given below to understand better.
M. Roberts, ‘Green Revolution In the World’, Environmental Concerns [web blog], 2 February 2009, http://www.example.com, (accessed 19th February 2009)
You need to include the same details in your reference list. The author’s last name should be followed by the first name.
Roberts, M., ‘Green Revolution in the World’, Environmental Concerns [web blog], 2 February 2009, http://www.example.com, (accessed 19th February 2009)
You have to cite the sources in a way that your readers can easily locate the source. Your reference list should include the following:
The reference list will look like this: Kelsall, R., I. Hamley, & M. Geoghegan, Nanoscale Science and Technology, John Wiley & Sons Ltd., Chichester, 2005, Google Books, accessed 16 February 2013.
The Oxford referencing system for footnotes is similar. The only difference is that you have to include page numbers for the section you are referencing. The Oxford footnote citation will look something like this.
R. Kelsall, I. Hamley & M. Geoghegan, Nanoscale Science and Technology, John Wiley & Sons Ltd., Chichester, 2005, p. 24, Google Books, accessed 16 February 2013. Don’t worry if you are still facing problems in citing an e-book as per Oxford referencing guide.
Oxford referencing includes the use of footnotes to cite the sources at the bottom of each page of the text. Online automated Oxford referencing tools are in wide usage nowadays and several Oxford citation generators are available across the web, free of cost. Most Oxford reference generators online consist of helpful functions that will help you add the subscript number automatically.
Example of footnotes for the dissertation: J.K. Cartley, Life and Times of Michael K, Vintage, London, 1998, p. 47
You need to use footnotes that would direct the reader to the reference list at the end of the document for more details about the reference source. The same rule is applicable if you want to cite a book chapter in Oxford referencing style. If you are using a footnote referencing generator, your footnotes will consist of the following in the exact order as shown below:
Your footnotes should look like this: 1 L.McGuire. This smells amazing. Journal of Cooking, vol. 40, no. 6, 2005, pp. 251-252
The reference list consists of the same details. You need to write the surname followed by the initials. The reference list will look like this:
John T. This smells amazing. Journal of Cooking, vol. 46, no. 8, 2005, pp. 252-253.
Oxford referencing system is a combination of footnote and reference list. Reference generators in Oxford accurately produce both footnotes & lists as per the input.
Thus, your in-text citations should look like this:
L.M Walters, ‘How Do Animals Choose Habitats?’ in M. Paul and P. Flannagan (eds), Readings in Animal Cognition, Bradford Books, Cambridge, 1996, p. 205.
Specify the page numbers in the in-text citations. You need to mention the page range in the reference list. In the reference list, you need to list down the cited sources with entire publication information. Sort them alphabetically by the surname of the author.
Walters, L.M., ‘How Do Animals Choose Habitats?’ in M. Paul and P. Flannagan (eds), Readings in Animal Cognition, Bradford Books, Cambridge, 1996, p. 203-205.
You may need to cite a journal article while working on a dissertation or an essay. You will need two things in Oxford referencing: Footnotes and Bibliography.
Your footnotes should consist of the following details:
Your in-text citation should look like this:
A. Walker, ‘Beating the System,' Economics 101, vol. 12, no. 4, 2005, p.206 The reference list is similar to the example of the first footnote. The only difference is that you need to give the author’s surname first followed by his initials in the reference list.
Example of a reference list:
Walker, A., ‘Beating the System,' Economics 101, vol. 12, no. 4, 2005, p.206
Take some help from an authentic Oxford referencing website, in case of any confusion.
Oxford bibliography generator has made it easy to cite a website within a few minutes. If you have a time-crunch, opt for the online generator.
Here’s how to oxford reference a website:
Your footnote should look something like this: 1 J. Philips, ‘Lifetime Experience: Reaching Mars,' Space Travel [website], 2014, www.marstravel.org/reaching-mars, accessed 5th August 2015
Avail the help of a genuine Oxford style referencing generator in case you are short of time.
The bibliography consists of the same requirements as shown in the footnotes. The only difference is that you need to write the surname first, followed by the initials in the bibliography.
Philips, J., ‘Lifetime Experience: Reaching Mars,' Space Travel [website], 2014, www.marstravel.org/reaching-mars, accessed 5th August 2015
The rules for citing a newspaper using Oxford referencing style might vary from one university to another. An Oxford footnote generator is your best bet if you are not sure of your college’s referencing guidelines. However, here is the most popular version of Oxford referencing format that you can use to cite newspapers.
The footnote of a newspaper article will look like: 1 M. McGuire, ‘Homework should never be banned,' The Student Times, 15 July 2016, p. 45.
The reference list will look like this: McGuire,M., ‘Homework should never be banned,' The Student Times, 15 July 2016, p. 45.
Hopefully, this guide will help you cite the sources in the Oxford referencing style. In case you still face any problems, use an online Oxford bibliography generator. You can also take help from your seniors or professors to ensure that you are citing the resources correctly. Good luck!
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Oxford and Harvard referencing follow a similar format. The basic difference is that Oxford citation makes it mandatory to use footnotes at the end of the pages, whereas in-text citations are applied while following Harvard referencing.
To cite a journal in Oxford referencing style you need to include the name of the Journal article, the surname of the authors, followed by the Article title, volume, number, year, and page numbers.
Example: M. Spencer et al., 'Analyzing the Order of Items in Manuscripts’, Computers and the Humanities, vol. 97, no. 1, 2003, pp. 97-109.
You need to mention the name of the article and the surname of the authors to cite an article in Oxford style. Add the article’s name, year of publication, page number, etc. at the end of the citation.
Example: Footnote1 S. Bootz, 'Food Enigmas, Role of food in the Post Colonial era, Gastronomica, vol. 10, no. 1, 2010, p. 149.
To cite the Bible in the Oxford style, you need to use footnotes, endnotes or parenthetical citation. You need to include the abbreviated form of the book or journal name. You also need to include the chapter number, version number and the page number.
Example: THD (The House of David), chapter-3, Version 3, Pg-91-112
Select the option to insert footnotes in Microsoft Word. You need to place your cursor on the option and click on ‘insert footnote’ and your citations will be done.
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