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Oxford Referencing Generator

Oxford Referencing Style

Example References for .

Example Reference

Example In-Text Citation for a

Everything That You Must Know About Oxford Referencing

Surveys reveal that almost 80% of students in the UK are concerned about ‘referencing’ in their assignments. Many students are confused with the different referencing formats (each consisting of a specific requirement). Out of all the formats, Oxford referencing is notably the most challenging one. It has different formats for e-books, books, chapters, etc. This blog will guide you on the Oxford referencing style to make things easier for you.

How to Cite a Blog in Oxford Referencing Style?

When it comes to citing sources in Oxford Referencing style, you need to use in-text citations and a reference list. The in-text citations or footnotes are written in the middle of a paragraph at the end of the text that you’ve collected from the blog. Reference list, on the other hand, is written at the end of your document. You can write it in a separate page as well, depending on your professor’s instructions.

In-text citations: Requirements to cite a blog in the Oxford referencing style

  • Subscript number
  • Author’s first and last name
  • Name of the blog
  • Published date of the blog
  • Link of that blog
  • Date of access

Now you need to follow the order as written above to write the in-text citations. Check out the examples given below to understand better.

M. Roberts, ‘Green Revolution In the World’, Environmental Concerns [web blog], 2 February 2009, http://www.example.com, (accessed 19th February 2009)

Requirements to create the reference list:

You need to include the same details in your reference list. The author’s last name should be followed by the first name.

Roberts, M., ‘Green Revolution in the World’, Environmental Concerns [web blog], 2 February 2009, http://www.example.com, (accessed 19th February 2009)

How to Cite an E-Book in the Oxford Referencing Style?

You have to cite the sources in a way that your readers can easily locate the source. Your reference list should include the following:

  • Author’s surname
  • Author’s initials
  • Title of the e-book
  • Name of the publisher
  • Place of publication
  • Year of publication
  • Name of the database/URL
  • Accessed date/month/year

The reference list will look like this: Kelsall, R., I. Hamley, & M. Geoghegan, Nanoscale Science and Technology, John Wiley & Sons Ltd., Chichester, 2005, Google Books, accessed 16 February 2013.

The Oxford referencing system for footnotes is similar. The only difference is that you have to include page numbers for the section you are referencing. The Oxford footnote citation will look something like this.

R. Kelsall, I. Hamley & M. Geoghegan, Nanoscale Science and Technology, John Wiley & Sons Ltd., Chichester, 2005, p. 24, Google Books, accessed 16 February 2013. Don’t worry if you are still facing problems in citing an e-book as per Oxford referencing guide.

How to Cite a Dissertation Using the Oxford Referencing Style?

Oxford referencing includes the use of footnotes to cite the sources at the bottom of each page of the text. Most Oxford reference generators online consist of helpful functions that will help you add the subscript number automatically.

The information that your footnotes should include are:

  • Author’s initial and surname
  • Title of the book in italics
  • Name of the publisher
  • Place of publication
  • Date
  • Page number

Example of footnotes for the dissertation: J.K. Cartley, Life and Times of Michael K, Vintage, London, 1998, p. 47

How to Cite a Book Using the Oxford Referencing Style?

You need to use footnotes that would direct the reader to the reference list at the end of the document for more details about the reference source. The same rule is applicable if you want to cite a book chapter in Oxford referencing style. Your footnotes should consist of the following in the exact order as shown below:

  • Superscript number
  • The first name of the author
  • Last name of the author
  • Chapter name
  • Include the volume and issue number if you have one
  • Write down the publishing city followed by the name of the publisher
  • Include the year
  • Page number

Your footnotes should look like this: 1 L.McGuire. This smells amazing. Journal of Cooking, vol. 40, no. 6, 2005, pp. 251-252

The reference list consists of the same details. You need to write the surname followed by the initials. The reference list will look like this:

John T. This smells amazing. Journal of Cooking, vol. 46, no. 8, 2005, pp. 252-253.

How to Cite an Edited Book Reference Using the Oxford Referencing Style?

Oxford referencing system is a combination of footnote and reference list. Let’s have a look at the requirements for in-text citations.

  • Superscript number
  • Author’s initials
  • The surname of the author
  • Title of the chapter
  • Editor’s initials
  • The surname of the editor
  • Title of the book
  • Publisher
  • Place of publication
  • Year
  • Page numbers

Thus, your in-text citations should look like this:

L.M Walters, ‘How Do Animals Choose Habitats?’ in M. Paul and P. Flannagan (eds), Readings in Animal Cognition, Bradford Books, Cambridge, 1996, p. 205.

Specify the page numbers in the in-text citations. You need to mention the page range in the reference list. In the reference list, you need to list down the cited sources with entire publication information. Sort them alphabetically by the surname of the author.

Walters, L.M., ‘How Do Animals Choose Habitats?’ in M. Paul and P. Flannagan (eds), Readings in Animal Cognition, Bradford Books, Cambridge, 1996, p. 203-205.

How to Cite an Online Journal in the Oxford Referencing Style?

You may need to cite a journal article while working on a dissertation or an essay. You will need two things in Oxford referencing: Footnotes and Bibliography.

Your footnotes should consist of the following details:

  • Superscript number
  • The initial name of the author
  • The surname of the author
  • Title of the article
  • Title of the journal
  • Volume
  • Number
  • Year
  • Page number

Your in-text citation should look like this:

A. Walker, ‘Beating the System,' Economics 101, vol. 12, no. 4, 2005, p.206 The reference list is similar to the example of the first footnote. The only difference is that you need to give the author’s surname first followed by his initials in the reference list.

Example of a reference list:

Walker, A., ‘Beating the System,' Economics 101, vol. 12, no. 4, 2005, p.206

How to Cite a Website in Oxford Referencing Style?

Oxford bibliography generator has made it easy to cite a website within a few minutes. If you have a time-crunch, opt for the online generator.

The footnote should consist of:

  • Subscript number
  • Initials
  • Surname
  • Page number
  • Website name in italics
  • Publication date
  • Page/section/paragraph number
  • URL
  • Accessed date

Your footnote should look something like this: 1 J. Philips, ‘Lifetime Experience: Reaching Mars,' Space Travel [website], 2014, www.marstravel.org/reaching-mars, accessed 5th August 2015

The bibliography consists of the same requirements as shown in the footnotes. The only difference is that you need to write the surname first, followed by the initials in the bibliography.

Philips, J., ‘Lifetime Experience: Reaching Mars,' Space Travel [website], 2014, www.marstravel.org/reaching-mars, accessed 5th August 2015

How to Cite a Newspaper in Oxford Referencing Style?

The rules for citing a newspaper using Oxford referencing style might vary from one university to another. However, here is the most popular version of Oxford referencing format that you can use to cite newspapers.

The requirements for the footnote include:

  • Subscript number
  • Initial
  • Surname
  • Title of the article
  • Title of the newspaper
  • Day, month and year of publication
  • Section of newspaper (if available)
  • Page numbers

The footnote of a newspaper article will look like: 1 M. McGuire, ‘Homework should never be banned,' The Student Times, 15 July 2016, p. 45. The reference list will look like this:

McGuire,M., ‘Homework should never be banned,' The Student Times, 15 July 2016, p. 45. Hopefully, this guide will help you cite the sources in the Oxford referencing style. In case you still face any problems, use an online Oxford bibliography generator. You can also take help from your seniors or professors to ensure that you are citing the resources correctly. Good luck!

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FAQ:

1. Are Oxford and Harvard referencing the same?

Oxford and Harvard referencing follow a similar format. The basic difference is that Oxford citation makes it mandatory to use footnotes at the end of the pages, whereas in-text citations are applied while following Harvard referencing.

2. How do you cite a journal article in Oxford?

To cite a journal in Oxford referencing style you need to include the name of the Journal article, the surname of the authors, followed by the Article title, volume, number, year, and page numbers.

Example:  M. Spencer et al., 'Analyzing the Order of Items in Manuscripts’, Computers and the Humanities, vol. 97, no. 1, 2003, pp. 97-109.

3. How do you cite an article in the Oxford style?

You need to mention the name of the article and the surname of the authors to cite an article in Oxford style. Add the article’s name, year of publication, page number, etc. at the end of the citation.

Example: Footnote1 S. Bootz, 'Food Enigmas, Role of food in the Post Colonial era, Gastronomica, vol. 10, no. 1, 2010, p. 149.

4. How do you cite the Bible in the Oxford style?

To cite the Bible in the Oxford style, you need to use footnotes, endnotes or parenthetical citation. You need to include the abbreviated form of the book or journal name. You also need to include the chapter number, version number and the page number.

Example: THD (The House of David), chapter-3, Version 3, Pg-91-112

5. How do you do Oxford referencing on Microsoft Word?

Select the option to insert footnotes in Microsoft Word. You need to place your cursor on the option and click on ‘insert footnote’ and your citations will be done.

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