The telecommunications industry are scored based on three environmental, social and governance (ESG) factors. Accounting standard under SASB (Sustainability accounting standard) for the telecommunication industries provides the companies with accounting metrics for accounting the performance in terms of sustainability. Wire line and wireless are the two main segments of the telecommunication industry. They are heavily influenced by the data resulting from the expansion of electronic gadgets. When the telecommunication industry are required to make disclosure about their performance with respect to the sustainability, there are identified accounting metrics by SASB (Aziakpono et al. 2014). Concerning the sustainability topic, it is required by companies to make a narrative description of any material factors that is considered essential for ensuring comparability, completeness and accuracy of data being reported. For measuring the ESG priorities of the telecommunication industry, following accounting metrics has been provided in accordance with SASB. Metrics comprised of accounting and activity metrics. Activity metrics needs to make disclosure about contextual information and they are deemed generally useful for some accounting metrics (Benjamin 2013).
European Telecommunications Network Operators' Association has chosen to pursue a systematic approach to integrating environmental, social and governance factors throughout the entire investment cycle for managing risks and enhancing returns. The commitment of association is create a long lasting positive impact and going beyond the business interest and extending themselves as role model in corporate responsibility. It has also adopted the global sustainability reporting guidelines. Organization makes the communication about business and ESG performance in an integrated manner ,