While paraphrasing an original piece of work may seem simple, but students need to know correct ways to paraphrase parts of the particular source material.
Paraphrasing means rewriting the sentences in a way that the actual meaning of the sentences remains the same. You need to replace a set of words or phrases used in the sentences with its synonyms to indicate exactly the same meaning.
Often, in your academic pursuits, you would be required to replicate the ideas of others in your own words. There are many paraphrasing tools available these days, but it's important to learn the rules of paraphrasing to present well-written pieces of assignments.
Now, if you are curious to know about appropriate ways to paraphrase, then read on.
Why is paraphrasing important?
Even before you learn how to paraphrase, you should know why paraphrasing is important. Often when you are writing an academic paper, you would be required to replicate the ideas, propositions and theories of different authors as an argument to your claims in the paper.
If you directly copy-paste the required text from the source, it may amount to plagiarism. Moreover, to elaborate on your arguments, you may need to explore the idea proposed by other authors or researchers. This is why paraphrasing is important.
Another reason why paraphrasing is important because it highlights that you have thoroughly understood the reference texts you are using in your paper.
A Step By Step Guide To Paraphrasing
If you have any confusion about how to paraphrase, then leaf through this step-by-step guide for more clarity. Here are the steps to paraphrase a piece of information with your academic paper.
1. Decide what information from the references is key to your discussions or write-ups.
2. Change the order of the words or replace words with the same meaning, keeping the idea or proposition of the original text intact.
3. Check the new sentences constructed, whether the usage of replaced words are appropriate or not.
4. There are often multiple synonyms to a particular word. The replaced synonyms should be contextually relevant to the original text.
5. Match the rewritten text multiple times with the original text to ensure that not a single sentence or ideas are left to be paraphrased.
Examples of paraphrased sentences
To simplify the process of paraphrasing, we have presented some examples of original texts and their paraphrased versions.
- Modify the sentence structure
Original Text- The need for investors to return to normal profit levels after Covid-19 would put pressure on employees
Paraphrased - Employees would face pressure post the Covid crisis, as the investors feel the need to return back to their normal levels of profit
- Change the voice of the sentences from active to passive
Original: The region, Middle East is widely perceived as risk-filled by the investors
Paraphrased: Investors feel that the Middle East region is risk-filled
- Break the main idea of a sentence into two or more sentences carrying sub-ideas.
Original: Amplification of situations is the prelude to war which further amplifies economic dissonance in the society
Paraphrased: When the situations get exaggerated or amplified, it results in war. This further results in economic dissatisfaction within society.
Check out some more examples presented below.
Original: Signs of influenza include fever and nasal congestion.
Paraphrase: A nasal blockage and high temperature are a few signs that you may have influenza.
Original: The need to get rid of the pandemic is the first target for 21st-century health practitioners
Paraphrased: The need to dispose of the pandemic is the principal focus for 21st-century healthcare experts.
Original: Once you have your perfectly paraphrased text, you need to ensure you credit the original author.
Paraphrase: As soon as you are done with rewriting the original text, keeping the meaning intact, you need to guarantee that you credit the creator of the original text
Citing the paraphrased text based on different citation styles
When you paraphrase any part of the text, you need to provide credit to the author whose work you have paraphrased in your academic document.
You can do this by adding an in-text citation at the end of the paraphrased section, or you can put the in-text citation at the beginning of the paraphrased part. However, the rules of paraphrasing may vary depending on the citation styles you are required to employ.
(a) How to paraphrase APA style
While paraphrasing a source in APA style, you need to provide an in-text citation and a reference to the source in the reference list.
Ex: Research has revealed that “teachers take more perceptual notion of students’ progress rather than real academic reports” (Mark&Tim, 2015, p. 305).
Mark and Tim (2015) found that “teachers take more perceptual notion of student’s progress rather than real academic reports” (p. 305).
If the media’s representation of thinness is considered ideal by women, that she should achieve, her self-esteem may take a blow and may even get damaged, promoting her to exhibit non-healthy or disorderly patterns in eating. (Polivy & Herman, 2004, p. 2)
Polivy, J., & Herman, C. P. (2004). Sociocultural idealization of thin female body shapes: An introduction to the special issue on body image and eating disorders. Journal of Social & Clinical Psychology, 23, 1-6. doi:10.1037/0033-2909.134.3.460
(b) How to Paraphrase MLA Style
Giles counselled Buffy and taught him despite Watcher’s Council terminating him as shown in season three (DeCandido 44)
DeCandido, Graceanne A. "Bibliographic Good vs Evil in Buffy the Vampire Slayer."American Libraries Aug. 1999: 44-47.
While it’s true that paraphrasing is tricky, but once you know the appropriate ways to paraphrase, you won't have trouble putting it all together in your academic paper. When you follow the guides and instructions elaborated here, you will definitely find paraphrasing simple.
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