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100+ Trending Macroeconomics Research Topics [2024]

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A nation represents an entire economy irrespective of its size. Everything – from the markets to the consumer base, business quality to government policies – constitutes the overall nation’s economy. The study of how these overall economies behave is referred to as Macroeconomics.

Some of most topics of discussion among the common people are issues like inflation, economic growth, unemployment, etc. Each of these key issues is addressed by macroeconomics.

Macroeconomics refers to analysing the economic system from a wider lens. It looks at various variables of the economy, and develops models to explain the relationship between these variables.

Government organisations use these models and the forecasts they provide to help develop and assess the economic and fiscal policy. Investors use simulations to forecast and prepare for moves in different asset classes, while businesses use them to establish strategies for domestic and international markets.

Schools of Thought in Macroeconomics

The study of macroeconomics is divided into numerous schools of thought, each with a unique perspective regarding the way the markets and the people who participate in the function.

Here are the most common ones –


Based on Adam Smith’s initial views, classical economists believed that costs, salaries, and taxes are flexible. They also believed that marketplaces tend to operate smoothly unless impeded by governmental interference.


The foundation of Keynesian economics, which established macroeconomics as a distinct field of study from microeconomics, was largely based on the writings of John Maynard Keynes.

According to Keynesian economists, fiscal policy can actively control the commercial cycle, in which governments increase spending during recessions to increase demand or cut spending during expansions to decrease it.


A subset of Keynesian economics known as the monetarist school is largely attributed to Milton Friedman’s writings. According to monetarists, monetary policy is typically a more desirable and effective tool for managing overall demand over fiscal policy.

New Classical

According to the New Classical School, microeconomics and models built on it are important. In their macroeconomic models, New Classical economists integrate the presumption that all actors seek to maximise their worth and have reasonable expectations.

New Keynesian

The New Keynesian School makes an additional effort to strengthen conventional Keynesian economic theories with a focus on microeconomics. Although New Keynesians acknowledge that businesses and people follow reasonable expectations, they continue to believe that there are a number of market failures, such as sticky prices and wages.


An ancient school of economics, the Austrian School, is experiencing some popularity growth. Austrian economic theories mostly cover microeconomic phenomena. They never strictly distinguished between micro and macroeconomics, just like the so-called classical economists.

The Difference between Macroeconomics & Microeconomics

This studies the overall economy and its different factors.These studies separate individual economical units.
It deals with factors like national output, national aggregate income, and the national price levels.This focuses on issues like the allocation of different resources and the price discrimination.  
This addresses variables like aggregate demand and an overall nation’s economic supply.This addresses factors like demand and supply for an individual commodity.
Macroeconomics helps in figuring out the levels of achievable equilibrium regarding the employment of the nation.It helps determine whether equilibrium can be achieved at a small scale.
This ensures the optimum utilisation of the available resources within a nation.This gives a glimpse of the goods and services that are required for an efficient economy.
It only lays focus on the problems related to the component of income.Microeconomics lays the limelight on all the issues that occur due to price variation and different income levels.

Though very different from each other, both are also interdependent on each other.

A deeper comprehension of micro and macroeconomic variables can be analysed in all microeconomic studies. A study like this will support the creation of economic essay policies and initiatives. As is well known, both small- and large-scale factors that have the potential to influence or are directly impacted by one another play a role in economic changes and processes.

For example, it will be easier for us to analyse changes in the general level of prices for all goods in the economy if we understand the way the price of a commodity is set and what role the buyer and seller play in the process.

Now, to figure out the efficiency of an economy, we must first ascertain the behaviour of every component of the economy. To ascertain this performance, we must ascertain the behaviour of each segment of the economy either singly or in groups.

From here let’s move on to doing research on macroeconomics.

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How To Do A Research on Macroeconomics?

Any economics writing, be it macroeconomics or microeconomics, is different from any other type of writing. This is more technical, and clarity is the key to gaining extinguished grades. You have to make sure that the analysis is crystal clear, for only then the strength of the study will shine through.

Here is a general guideline for doing quality macroeconomics research –

Getting Started

Starting a research paper is the most difficult part. Once you start, you go on with the flow. But motivating yourself to start at the right time can be a bit difficult. But try starting with reading materials on macroeconomics. This way you are not doing much but yet taking a small step towards your research paper. While you read, make sure that you keep a note of the things you find important.


Getting the right structure for your research paper is very important. If you get the structure wrong, there is a high chance that your paper fails to achieve the required results. So, ask your professors for their opinion on the structure you have framed.

Economists use the opening sentences to frame the research questions and the model and information they will use to think about it. This framework guarantees that the writer and reader have a firm understanding of the subject and composition of the subsequent work.


Clarity is not very easy to achieve but is crucial to convey the proper message of your paper. For your reference here are a few ways in which you can ensure the clarity of your macroeconomics research paper –

  1. Organise the ideas properly
  2. Define the important terms
  3. State your hypothesis in clear terms
  4. Make progress deductively
  5. No need for excess verbiage
  6. Read, revise and edit not just once but until you are satisfied.

Economic Analysis

Economic analysis is no more just about the economic theories. Today, it is more mathematical than it was ever before. This is why when you are trying to analyse data for economics research, make sure to pay keen attention to the mathematical calculations part, or it may result in wrong analysis and, thus, wrong results.

The Writing Process of Macroeconomics Research Paper

This section intends to tell you how to write a macroeconomics research paper perfectly. Here are the details –

Finding the topic

There are countless methods for finding a topic. It’s possible that you are writing for a particular area of macroeconomics, in which case the themes are more constrained and simpler to choose. Make sure to choose a topic that intrigues you. Don’t forget to carve out a niche for yourself and contribute to the field.

Finding the right sources

Not just for macroeconomics but economics as a whole there can be two types of sources –

  • Empirical data
  • Academic literature

Empirical data is the one that is already in the numerical form or can be very easily translated into the same. At the same time, academic literature refers to books and articles written based on some significant economical theories and ideas and can help you organise your thoughts. But finding the right kind of sources for the research is very important. Take the help of your professor in case you have any confusion regarding finding the right sources.

The Outline

The outline makes sure that you successfully achieve your goals. A general outline of a macroeconomics research paper is as follows –

  • Introduction
  • Literature review
  • Methods
  • Result
  • Discussion
  • Conclusion

Framing Literature Review

The literature review lays the groundwork for your paper and shows that you are knowledgeable about academic research on the subject. You should clarify the specific concerns you intend to bring up, the vocabulary you’ll use, and the strategy you’ll use with reference to earlier academic publications.

Presenting a Hypothesis

When presenting a hypothesis, you must keep in mind that you also have to present the data set and discuss the type of regression you will run in the research paper.

Presenting Results

In a macroeconomics paper, when you are presenting the results, you will have two major decisions to make –

  • What is the number of the empirical results you need to present?
  • How must these results be interpreted within the text?

Only focus on the very important portions and make sure to be extremely clear with what you want to say.

Now that you are well accustomed to writing a macroeconomic research paper, here are a few topics on which you can write a relevant macroeconomic research paper.

80 of the Best Topics For Macroeconomic Research

  1. Sustainable growth of the economy – the four greens
  2. Macroeconomic dangers and European policies.
  3. What fuels the expansion of the economy?
  4. Financial regulation of commercial banks in Abu Dhabi.
  5. Globalisation has resulted in economic inequality.
  6. Macroeconomic indicators of the United States and the United Kingdom are compared.
  7. The national income is what?
  8. Talk about the impact that retail sales play on the overall economy.
  9. The GDP’s limitations as a gauge of economic welfare.
  10. Describe the short business cycles.
  11. Oil price decline: causes and repercussions
  12. What impact do shifting monetary policies have on the standard of life of the workforce?
  13. Youth Unemployment in Saudi Arabia
  14. Benefits of the great trade deal for workers and globalisation
  15. The advantages and disadvantages of having a government budget deficit each year.
  16. The mortgage crisis’s causes and repercussions.
  17. The impact of raising the federal minimum wage on employment.
  18. The United States economic prospects and GDP growth rate.
  19. Different approaches to the exchange rate.
  20. Alcohol misuse problem-solving tools are economic.
  21. How are unpaid overtime policies diverse among nations?
  22. The Future of America and corporate lobbyists
  23. What aspects of the existing retirement system are unfair?
  24. The definition and elements of trickle-down economics.
  25. African effects of rising interest rates.
  26. The World Bank’s organisation, timeline, and activities.
  27. Analysis of South Korea’s and the United States economic data.
  28. The effect of changes in a country’s population on its economic performance.
  29. The significance of government assistance for small and medium-sized businesses.
  30. The root causes of global poverty and economic inequality.
  31. importance of child labour in globalisation and westernisation
  32. Public opinion matters: ideas to enhance US social security
  33. Swiss Gold Referendum’s function
  34. The Great Recession’s Impact on current unemployment rates
  35. Discuss how monetary policy affects the stabilisation of the economy.
  36. Study the French economy.
  37. Describe the elements that influence the choices made in production and marketing.
  38. Sustainability and trends in the imbalance in world trade.
  39. What are the reasons behind the issue of price discrimination?
  40. How can market equilibrium be achieved?
  41. Talk about how important elasticity is to corporate growth.
  42. Economic and financial behaviour.
  43. Describe how investors base their choices on a country’s GDP.
  44. Economic globalisation and contemporary imperialism
  45. The best techniques for preventing currency manipulation
  46. Describe the long-term growth of the economy.
  47. Describe the macroeconomic notion of expenditures.
  48. What does macroeconomic production mean?
  49. International trade ethics and cultural diversity.
  50. Criminal law economic analysis.
  51. In what ways does the administration deal with inflation?
  52. Describe the causes of a recession.
  53. Management of natural resources: a case investigation into the US
  54. Which nation—Mexico or Australia—should the US invest in?
  55. The major economic challenges of the previous ten years have been the standard of living.
  56. Why do salaries increase so gradually in comparison to productivity?
  57. Kenya’s economic growth: its sources and Repercussions
  58. Does a college degree translate into increased pay?
  59. Examine the American fiscal strategy.
  60. The COVID-19 pandemic’s economic impact on countries and economies worldwide.
  61. Economics is concerned about the environment on a global scale.
  62. Macroeconomic environment: the economy’s self-correction.
  63. How may the impact of US inflation be lessened?
  64. Talk about how governments in other countries manage their economies.
  65. Describe the main issues with the 2019 state budget for the US.
  66. Describe how the FED manages inflation.
  67. How can I buy successful stocks on the stock market?
  68. How can we provide employee benefits while still preserving the environment?
  69. Strategies for hedging: limitations and issues
  70. Ethnic minorities’ employment status in the US economy is a problem.
  71. Doha Declaration and World Trade Organisation
  72. The relationship between income disparity and the minimum wage
  73. As a global economic concern, poverty
  74. What do you think about child labour?
  75. How does a state lower its budget deficit?
  76. What advantages do mergers and acquisitions have for global corporations?
  77. How does Bitcoin impact the economy?
  78. Identify the main causes of economic growth.
  79. Macroeconomic implications of the healthcare sector development.
  80. How can the US economy boost GDP growth?

Most Important Frequently Asked Questions Searched By Students

What are the main areas of macroeconomic research?

Answer: Fluctuations in the balance of payments, inflation, interest and foreign exchange rates, and economic production are major areas of macroeconomic research.

What are some of the key concepts in macroeconomic research?

Answer: Three topics are the main emphasis of macroeconomics: national GDP, unemployed people, and inflation.

What is the role of macroeconomic research in policy-making?

Answer: Macroeconomics examines broad economic aspects that have an impact on the entire population. As a result, macroeconomic decisions like setting interest rates and balancing a nation’s inflation with both its commerce and its foreign exchange rate must be made by policymakers.

How do macroeconomic policies affect the economy?

Answer: The functioning of the financial system as a whole is a concern of macroeconomic policy. Macroeconomic policy’s overarching objective is to create a stable economic climate favourable to robust and long-term economic growth, which is essential for generating wealth, jobs, and higher living standards.

What are some of the key challenges facing macroeconomic researchers?

Answer: Three major challenges are –

  • Constant time constraints
  • Lack of trustworthy sources
  • Difficulty with understanding a huge number of topics.

What is the role of data in macroeconomic research?

Answer: It makes it possible to evaluate how well a system of economics has been managed and where it stands in relation to other economic systems.

What are some of the most important theories in macroeconomic research?

Answer: Some significant theories are –

  • Theory of general price
  • Theory of Economic Growth and Evolution
  • Theory of National Income
  • Theory of international trade
  • Theory of money
  • Theory of employment

How do international trade and capital flows affect macroeconomic outcomes?

Answer: International capital flows have the benefit of raising overall demand. The interest rate would drop as a result of an increase in the amount of loanable capital accessible to the economy.

What are the main macroeconomic indicators?

Answer: Macroeconomic indicators are as follows –

  1. The stock market
  2. House prices
  3. Bond yields
  4. Production and manufacturing statistics
  5. Retail sales
  6. Interest rates
  7. GDP growth rates
  8. The Consumer Price Index (CPI) and inflation
  9. Currency strength and stability
  10. Labour market statistics
  11. Commodity prices

How do macroeconomists collect data for their research?

Answer: Market reports, commercial periodicals, scholarly journals, and government databases are some examples of sources. Searching or browsing for data by industry, topic, nation, digital market, or infographic is possible.

Hi, I am Mark, a Literature writer by profession. Fueled by a lifelong passion for Literature, story, and creative expression, I went on to get a PhD in creative writing. Over all these years, my passion has helped me manage a publication of my write ups in prominent websites and e-magazines. I have also been working part-time as a writing expert for for 5+ years now. It’s fun to guide students on academic write ups and bag those top grades like a pro. Apart from my professional life, I am a big-time foodie and travel enthusiast in my personal life. So, when I am not working, I am probably travelling places to try regional delicacies and sharing my experiences with people through my blog. 

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